1920s.


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Wilson went to Paris for the peace talks and left the nation in the ... Wilson was the first president to go to Europe however he distanced the Republicans by not welcoming one ...
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Slide 1

1920s 1918-1929

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The End of the War The principal American troops touched base in France in the Spring 1918 The doughboys took an interest in the last incredible counteroffensive which denoted the begin of the end for Germany Initially the Americans were under the order of the French however they were later alloted to General John J. (Dark Jack) Pershing Before the end of the war President Wilson defined his Fourteen Points as the premise for peace

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Germany marked the cease-fire on November 11, 1918 primarily as a result of the capability of the American powers Wilson turned into a legend to the general population of a freed Europe During the war divided governmental issues did not harass Congress as the nation joined behind the war exertion In 1918 Wilson requested a Democratic triumph, however the Republicans wound up with a limited favorable position Wilson went to Paris for the peace talks and left the nation in the hands of a Republican Congress

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Wilson was the principal president to go to Europe yet he distanced the Republicans by not welcoming one republican to the Peace Conference The executive of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts was especially incensed Lodge and Wilson shared a common disdain The Paris Conference was commanded by the Big Four – Wilson, Lloyd George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, and Clemenceau of France The matter which brought on the best concern was halting the spread of Communism

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Wilson\'s primary objective was to set up a League of Nations He envisioned an association of agent who might meet to examine world issues When Wilson came back to America he found that few, particularly among the Republicans, shared his eagerness for a League of Nations The Republicans announced they would not affirm the League in its present structure Opposition from the Republicans debilitated Wilson\'s discretionary force in Paris When he returned to Paris he found that the supposition of the significant forces had turned out to be a great deal more forceful

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The Versailles Treaty France was resolved to involve the German-Rhineland and the Saar Valley Wilson induced the French to acknowledge control of the district by the League of Nations for a long time France likewise got a security vow from Britain and America – both nations guaranteed to help if Germany re-equipped The last arrangement was given to the Germans to sign in June 1919

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When the Germans saw the settlement they were stunned to see so few of Wilson\'s Fourteen Points, which had been the premise under which they had surrendered Wilson had been compelled to bargain his unique beliefs to keep the quibbling Europeans glad As soon as he came back to America, Wilson was stood up to with a threatening Congress Isolationists needed no some portion of remote bargains Some idea the assention did not rebuff Germany enough to start the war Irish-Americans, German-Americans and Italian-Americans all despised Wilson

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The End of Wilson still felt certain the Versailles Treaty would be approved. Indeed, even Lodge just needed to make the arrangement more "American" The Treaty got to be hindered in Senate as Lodge inspected each page Wilson set off around the nation to marshal open backing – despite the fact that he was prompted against such a move by his own particular doctors While in Colorado in September, 1919, Wilson broken down from fatigue He was immediately come back to Washington, however endured a stroke just days after the fact

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Wilson stayed unavailable for general use for more than six months Lodge saw the chance to venture up. Lodge had neglected to get the Treaty revised however now was his chance Critics were particularly irritated over Article X which guaranteed the United States would offer guide to any nation that confronted outer animosity Lodge appended a progression of correction to the first bargain so the Republicans could assert a portion of the credit Wilson advised the Democrats to vote against the altered arrangement

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The settlement was vanquished in the Senate the general population was irate and upset that the Senate couldn\'t concede to a straightforward determination and they requested a second poll The Democrats would need to acknowledge the changed parcel generally the entire arrangement would come up short Wilson declined to trade off and requested the Democrats to by and by vote against the altered settlement The settlement kicked the bucket in the Senate

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The Election of 1920 The Republicans in the end chose Senator Warren G. Harding of Ohio with Massachusetts Governor Calvin Coolidge as his running mate Coolidge had become famous by crushing the police strike in Boston Democrats designated Governor James M. Cox of Ohio with Franklin D. Roosevelt as his running mate In the primary decision that included ladies, (Nineteenth Amendment – 1920) the Republicans won 404-127

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Harding increased more than 7 million more famous votes Socialist Eugene V. Debs kept running as a Third gathering from the Atlanta prison and picked up very nearly 1 million votes the general population had demonstrated they were sick of Wilsonian legislative issues and European issues – they needed what Harding guaranteed – an arrival to commonality Unfortunately Harding was a poor decision and ended up being a surprisingly more dreadful president, predominantly in view of his poor decision of arrangements

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The Red Scare In 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution constrained Russia out of the war, changed the Russian government, made a little Communist gathering in America, and brought about apprehension and worry among non-Communist countries In the wake of the war the nation was grasped by a progression of strikes Most individuals expected the strikes were a piece of a Communist/Bolshevik plot The "red alarm" of 1919 made political professions, destroyed a few lives, created agony and anguish to anguish to numerous pure individuals

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In 1919 a bomb blasted at the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (the Fighting Quaker) who had been driving the battle against conceivable Bolsheviks The blast made Palmer build his endeavors and picked up him huge open backing In December 1919 the legislature expelled 249 suspected outsiders and Bolshevik sympathizers on the Buford The next year another bomb blasted on Wall Street and executed almost forty individuals Many states joined together to pass "hostile to red" enactment

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Critics of the neurosis challenged that essential American rights were been overlooked But the red alarm served the traditionalists and businesspeople well – they could now grumble about troublemakers and unions and partner them with the Bolsheviks Unions thought that it was difficult to try and exist. Any bid for a union was seen as un-American The most infamous instance of hostile to remote opinion was the Sacco-Vanzetti case in Massachusetts

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Sacco and Vanzetti Nicola Sacco an assembly line laborer and Bartolomeo Vanzetti a fish merchant were indicted 1921 for killing a Massachusetts paymaster and his protect The litigants were of Italian plummet and known as agitators and skeptics The case kept going six years before both men were sentenced and sentenced to death They were executed in 1927

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Prohibition One of the best social analyses in American history was the endeavor to disallow liquor in the 1920s The Eighteenth Amendment (1919) (and the Volstead Act) attempted to abrogate the assembling, deal, and transportation of liquor The Act was exceptionally mainstream in the South and the West, however in the East there was solid restriction But the thought was imperfect on the grounds that numerous individuals, particularly outside conceived Americans found was around the law

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The powers had not by any means considered how to authorize a law that such a variety of individuals contradicted and that had been an expansive piece of ordinary society Speakeasies with mystery passwords and little windows grew in significant urban areas Illegal liquor was dispatched from the West Indies or from Canada by hoodlums resolved to supply the parched business sector – and make a fortune Bootleggers delivered natively constructed liquor that regularly brought on visual deficiency or demise But there were a few advantages to the Prohibition period Absenteeism from work diminished and individuals spared more cash The "honorable analysis" fizzled on the grounds that such a large number of individuals essentially declined to acknowledge the law

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Isolationism The substantial number of settlers that were entering the nation from Europe stressed numerous individuals The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 was endeavor to farthest point migration by just permitting a specific share from every nation – 3% of that nationality living in America in 1910 Favored those from Southern and Eastern Europe Congress endorsed the Immigration Act of 1924 which trim the quantity of nonnatives from 3% to 2% and changed the date to 1890 from 1910

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This new changed favored migrants from Northern Europe to the detriment of those from the South and East who called the enactment biased Nativist trusted a more grounded, better America could be accomplished however individuals with light hair and blue eyes The Act likewise halted totally the migration of Japanese Exempt from the portion framework were Canadian and those from Latin America – on the grounds that they were expected to take the least paying employments Act finished the conviction that all were welcome

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The Ku Klux Klan Another component of the counter remote battle was the reemergence of the KKK The KKK had been around since the center of the nineteenth century, yet after the Civil War it had ended up known as an antiblack development In the 1920s, the new KKK strengthened the nativist soul that was clearing the nation – they were against remote, antiblack, hostile to Jewish, hostile to Communist, against Catholic, hostile to worldwide, against anti-conception medication, against drinking, and against betting

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They were ace American, expert Anglo-Saxon, master Protestant – they were ultra-preservationist and committed to keeping up customary American ethics, norms, and society The new KKK had a lot of bolster, particularly in the southern "Book of scriptures Belt" states At its tallness of notoriety it asserted to have more than 5 million individuals The association c

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