2009 Vitality Gathering April 7, 2009.


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2009 Vitality Meeting April 7, 2009. The Vitality Issue. Financial success is personally fixing to reasonable vitality. There is potential for geopolitical clash because of raising rivalry for vitality assets. The danger of unfavorable Environmental Change.
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2009 Energy Conference April 7, 2009

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The Energy Problem Economic thriving is personally attached to reasonable vitality. There is potential for geopolitical clash because of heightening rivalry for vitality assets. The danger of antagonistic Climate Change.

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Oil Dependency is a Drain on our Economy (Using EIA information)

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Oil Dependency is a Drain on our Economy Percentage cost expand Gray bars demonstrate a subsidence FRBSF Economic Letter 11/18/05

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US oil turned into a net oil merchant in the 1940s

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Energy is a security issue

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Global normal temperature

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The way of life of a nation is not relative to its vitality utilization: Human Development Index versus Power utilization United States Japan, France, Netherlands, Italy, UK, Germany, Israel, and so on

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Per Capita Electricity Sales (excluding self-era) (kWh/individual) (2006 to 2008 are figure information) 14,000 12,000 United States 2005 Differences = 5,300kWh/yr 10,000 = $165/capita 8,000 California 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 1998 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Electricity use for every individual (1960 – 2008) From 1973 to 2008, the GDP/capita in California has multiplied.

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New Energy for America’s Economy Clean Energy Economy President Obama’s arrangement: Create new green employments that can’t be outsourced and add to America’s future aggressiveness

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New Energy for America’s Economy American Competitiveness

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Building Efficiency: Where we are & where we can be. ~ 3x change exhibited 6 - 8x change is conceivable

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New Energy for America’s Economy A vitality effective economy obliges: Federal ventures to advance productivity Strong and sensible measures Research, improvement, and arrangement of new innovations The group will of the American individuals.

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New Energy for America’s Economy

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New Energy for America’s Economy Step 1: Federal ventures to advance productivity

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New Energy for America’s Economy President Obama’s American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Double option vitality creation more than three years $6 billion in advance assurances $8.2 billion for weatherization and vitality effectiveness $3.1 billion for state vitality endeavors $11 billion for brilliant framework President Obama needs R & D expense credit to be perpetual

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747-400 64.5 m Modest however stable financial motivations were crucial to animate long haul improvement. Vitality transmission/stockpiling is likewise required. 6 MW generator (126 m width rotors).

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New Energy for America’s Economy Step 2: Strong and sensible benchmarks

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Higher principles empower innovation and advancement: Refrigerator effectiveness

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New Energy for America’s Economy Step 3: Research, improvement, and arrangement of new advances

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Cost of power era versus introduced limit (1990 dollars/introduced Megawatt hour) Photovoltaics 2005 Windmills 2005 Gas turbines 5x cost contrast (excluding dissemination, vitality stockpiling and go down era costs)

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A transformative innovation A key segment cross-country phone line was the vacuum tube. Vacuum tubes produced a great deal of warmth and wore out. AT&T Bell Laboratories put vigorously in enhancing vacuum tubes. They likewise set out on an examination project to add to a strong state substitution to the vacuum tube.

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Reel-to-reel large scale manufacturing of effective sunlight based cells taking into account quickly creating nano-innovation may be conceivable.

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New Energy for America’s Economy The Department of Energy must turn into the present day Bell Labs Oak Ridge National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Berkeley National Laboratory

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New Energy for America’s Economy Department of Energy Largest science funder 17 National Laboratories Researchers at 300 colleges 88 Nobel Prize victors

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Time to bridle our scholarly drive

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New Energy for America’s Economy President Obama: Double interest in science more than 10 years

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Improved change of cellulose into fuel. New creatures for biomass transformation. Daylight to vitality by means of Bio-mass Sunlight CO 2 , H 2 0, Nutrients Chemical vitality Biomass Develop vitality plants that can utilize negligible horticultural area, require less supplements, water, and are simpler to breakdown into basic sugars

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Norman Borlaug honored Nobel Prize World Production of Grain (1961 – 2004) The Population Bomb goes to press 2005: Population = 6.5 B 1960: Population = 3 B Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations

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The innovation of smelling salts union by Haber and Bosch made conceivable counterfeit manures. Carl Bosch Fritz Haber

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Man initially figured out how to fly by impersonating nature

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Helios Artificial Photosynthesis Project The first imperative step: Sunlight + 2H 2 O  O 2 + 4H + 4e -

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Earthrise from Apo

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