70-293: MCSE Manual for Arranging a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 System Part 2: TCP/IP Design.


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A port number is similar to a flat number for the conveyance of mail ... guarantee parcel is conveyed to the best possible flat (administration) 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft ...
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70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Chapter 2: TCP/IP Architecture

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Objectives Understand TCP/IP tending to Describe the general engineering of TCP/IP Describe Application layer conventions Discuss Transport layer conventions Understand the part of different Internet layer conventions, including IP,ICMP, and ARP Understand Network Interface layer conventions 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Introduction To TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Most normally utilized system convention suite today Wide merchant bolster Open convention Provides access to Internet administrations Windows Server 2003 Can utilize a few conventions Many of its fundamental components require the utilization of TCP/IP 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-1: Repairing a Network Connection The reason for this action is to repair an association that has a degenerate TCP/IP setup 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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IP Addresses An IP address, similar to a postage information for a house, is novel An IP addresses has four numbers, each called an octet, that are isolated by periods Each octet in an IP address speaks to eight bits of data A full IP location of four octets is 32 bits in length 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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IP Addresses (proceeded with) A case of an IP location is 192.168.5.66 An IP location is made out of two sections: the system ID and the host ID The system ID speaks to the system on which the PC is found The host ID speaks to the individual PC on a system 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Subnet Masks A subnet cover characterizes which a portion of its IP location is the system ID and which part is the host ID Subnet veils are made out of four octets simply like an IP address Wherever there is a 255 in the subnet cover, that octet is a piece of the system ID Wherever there is a 0 in the subnet cover, that octet is a piece of the host ID 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Subnet Masks (proceeded with) A PC uses its subnet cover to figure out Which system it is on Whether different PCs are on the same system or an alternate system If two PCs on the same system are imparting, then they can convey bundles straightforwardly to each other If two PCs are on various systems, they should utilize a switch to convey 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Subnet Masks (proceeded with) 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Default Gateway Default door is another term for switch If a PC does not know how to convey a parcel, it gives the parcel to the default passage to convey Routers can recognize numerous systems and how to move parcels between them Routers can likewise make sense of the best way to use to move a parcel between various systems 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-2: Viewing IP Address Configuration The motivation behind this action is to see the present IP address settings on a server 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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IP Address Classes IP locations are partitioned into classes: An E IP address classes can be distinguished by the primary octet Class A locations utilize eight bits for the system ID and 24 bits for the host ID Class A systems are just alloted to extensive organizations and Internet suppliers Class B addresses utilize 16 bits for the system ID and 16 bits for the host ID Class B systems are appointed to numerous bigger associations, for example, governments, colleges, and organizations with a few thousand clients 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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IP Address Classes (proceeded with) Class C addresses utilize 24 bits for the system ID and eight bits for the host ID Class C systems have a moderately little number of hosts and are suited just to littler associations Class D locations are not separated into systems and they can\'t be relegated to PCs as IP locations Class D locations are utilized for multicasting Class E locations are viewed as exploratory and are not utilized 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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IP Address Classes (proceeded with) 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Classless Inter-space Routing Classless interdomain steering (CIDR) makes Internet directing and task of IP addresses more proficient CIDR does not utilize the default subnet covers for steering. Rather, the subnet veil must be characterized for every system 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Classless Inter-space Routing (proceeded with) Definable subnet cover is more adaptable and effective CIDR lessens the quantity of steering table passages that Internet spine switches must hold A solitary directing table section can supplant hundreds or a large number of passages for Class C systems 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Reserved Addresses Reserved locations are various IP locations and IP arranges that are held for uncommon purposes and either can\'t be alloted to has or can\'t be utilized on the Internet 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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DNS Domain Name System (DNS) is utilized to: determine host names to IP addresses discover area controllers discover email servers DNS is fundamental for Active Directory to work appropriately 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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WINS Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) is utilized to: determine NetBIOS names to IP addresses stores data about administrations, for example, space controllers Provide in reverse similarity with Windows NT and Windows 9x 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a computerized component to allocate IP locations to customers Automating this procedure maintains a strategic distance from the issue of records being entered erroneously If a change should be made for the IP tending to data, you can essentially change the data in the DHCP server 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-3: Using IPCONFIG to View IP Configuration The reason for this action is to see the ebb and flow IP settings utilizing the IPCONFIG utility 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-4: Configuring an Alternative IP Configuration The motivation behind this movement is to design elective IP address data to be utilized when a DHCP server is distracted 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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TCP/IP Architecture Overview The TCP/IP model can be separated into four layers: Application Transport Internet Network Interface Application layer gives access to network assets It characterizes guidelines, orders, and methodology for customer to converse with an administration running on a server 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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TCP/IP Architecture Overview (proceeded with) Transport layer is in charge of get ready information to be transported over the system Internet layer is in charge of coherent tending to and directing Network Interface layer comprises of the system card driver and the system card itself 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Application Layer Protocols There are numerous Application layer conventions, each of which is connected with a customer application and administration HTTP FTP TELNET SMTP POP3 IMAP4 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the most well-known convention utilized on the Internet today HTTP characterizes the orders that Web programs can send and how Web servers are fit for reacting 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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FTP File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is document sharing convention FTP is executed in stand-alone FTP customers and in addition in Web programs It is sheltered to say that most FTP clients today are utilizing Web programs 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-5: Using FTP to Download a File The reason for this action is to utilize FTP to download an utility 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Telnet is a terminal imitating convention that is principally used to associate remotely to UNIX and Linux Systems The Telnet convention indicates how a telnet server and telnet customer convey 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is utilized to send and get email messages between email servers that are imparting It is utilized by email customer programming, for example, Outlook Express, to send messages to the server SMTP is never used to recover email from a server when you are understanding it Other conventions control the perusing of email messages 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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Activity 2-6: Using Telnet to Verify SMTP The motivation behind this action is to utilize Telnet to check the usefulness of a SMTP server 70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network

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POP3 Post Office Protocol form 3 (POP3) is the most well-known convention utilized for perusing email messages This convention has summons to download messages and erase messages from the mail server POP3 does not suppor

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