A Course of events of Key Occasions Ever.

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. Uncommon Jewish copyists (Masoretes) are depended with the holy errand of making duplicates of the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament).Approximately AD 500-900. . . Advertisement 500 . 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000. . . . . . .
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ow We Got the ible A Time Line of Key Events in the History of the Bible

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AD 500 The Masoretes Special Jewish copyists (Masoretes) are endowed with the sacrosanct undertaking of making duplicates of the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament). Roughly AD 500-900 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000

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AD 500 The Masoretes The Masoretes built up a fastidious arrangement of including the quantity of words every book of the Bible to ensure it was duplicated precisely. Any parchment found to have a mistake is covered by law. 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000

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Gen. 1:9 And God said, "Let the waters be collected". Letters in dark, vowel focuses and dageshim (letter doublings) in red , cantillation signs in blue Cantillation is the custom droning of readings from the Bible in synagogue administrations.

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The Masoretes around 700 C.E The Masoretes were the ones who made these duplicates. They needed to take after specific principles when making a duplicate of the Synagogue Rolls of the Hebrew Scriptures. 1. The material must be produced using the skin of clean creatures; must be set up by a Jew just, and the skins must be affixed together by strings taken from clean creatures. 2. Every section must have no under 48 nor more than 60 lines. 3. The ink must be of no other shading than dark, and it must be set up as indicated by a unique formula.

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The Masoretes 4. No word nor letter could be composed from memory; the recorder must have a real duplicate before him, and he should read and maintain so anyone might hear every word before composing it. 5. He should respectfully wipe his pen every time before composing the word for "God" [which is Elohim] and he should wash his entire body before composing the name "Jehovah " [which is interpreted "LORD" in the King James English Bible] for fear that the Holy Name be sullied. 6. Strict tenets were given concerning types of the letters, spaces between letters, words, and segments, the utilization of the pen, the shade of the material, and so on

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The Masoretes 7. The modification of a roll must be made inside 30 days after the work was done; else it was useless. One error on a sheet denounced the sheet; if three slip-ups were found on any page, the whole original copy was censured. 8. Each word and each letter was checked, and if a letter were discarded, an additional letter embedded, or in the event that one letter touched another, the composition was denounced and obliterated without a moment\'s delay. [From General Biblical Introduction by H.S. Mill operator, 1960, p. 184-5]

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The Tanakh The Tanakh (likewise spelt Tanach ) is the Hebrew acronym for the Jewish Bible, based upon the underlying letters of its three sections: T orah (Teaching, Law) N evi\'im (Prophets) K etuvim (Writings, Hagiographa)

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LXX versus Masoretic The content of the LXX is generally near that of the Masoretic, contrasting in some verse. A few elements drove Jews to in the long run desert the LXX, including the way that Greek recorders were not subject to the same inflexible guidelines forced on Hebrew copyists; that Christians supported the LXX; the progressive decrease of the Greek dialect among Jews.

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Witnesses The most established observers to the LXX incorporate second century BC pieces of Leviticus and Deuteronomy (Rahlfs nos. 801, 819, and 957), and first century BC pieces of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and the Minor Prophets (Rahlfs nos. 802, 803, 805, 848, 942, and 943). Literary feedback taking into account correlations of existing duplicates of the Septuagint, Masoretic Text, the Samaritan content, and the Dead Sea scrolls proposes that the Septuagint was not deciphered straightforwardly from what is today the Masoretic Text, but instead from a prior Hebrew content no more accessible to researchers .

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Dead Sea Scrolls The Scrolls have altered literary feedback of the Old Testament. Strikingly, now with original copies originating before the medieval period, we discover these writings in significant concurrence with the Masoretic content and generally variation shapes.

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Dead Sea Scrolls Only Caves 1 and 11 have delivered moderately in place original copies. Found in 1952, Cave 4 delivered the biggest find. Around 15,000 sections from more than 500 compositions were found. Taking all things together, researchers have distinguished the remaining parts of around 825 to 870 separate parchments.

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Dead Sea Scrolls There are currently recognized among the parchments, 19 duplicates of the Book of Isaiah, 25 duplicates of Deuteronomy and 30 duplicates of the Psalms . The Isaiah Scroll, discovered moderately in place, is 1000 years more established than any beforehand known duplicate of Isaiah. Actually, the parchments are the most seasoned gathering of Old Testament compositions ever found.

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Dead Sea Scrolls Prophecies by Ezekiel, Jeremiah and Daniel not found in the Bible are composed in the Scrolls. The Dead Sea Scrolls upgrade our insight into both Judaism and Christianity. They give an abundance of relative material for New Testament researchers. They demonstrate Christianity to be established in Judaism and have been known as the developmental connection between the two.

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AD 400 Bible Copies Two of the most seasoned vellum duplicates ( AD 325-350) that exist today are the: Vatican Codex Sinaitic Codex 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000

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Witnesses Relatively finish compositions of the LXX incorporate Codex Vaticanus Codex Sinaiticus of the fourth century CE Codex Alexandrinus of the fifth century.

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Codex Sinaiticus Codex Sinaiticus (London, Brit. Libr., Add. 43725; Gregory-Aland no. א or 01) is a finished, fourth century uncial original copy of the New Testament. It additionally contains a generous segment of the Septuagint. Alongside Codex Vaticanuss. Codex Sinaiticus that was found by Constantin von Tischendorf on his third visit to the religious community of Saint Catherine, on Mount Sinai in Egypt, in 1859. The whole codex comprises of 346 1/2 folios, written in four segments .

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Codex Sinaiticus Codex Sinaticus is a standout amongst the most profitable compositions of the Greek New Testament . The Codex Leningrad is one of the surviving Masoretic writings. Of these 199 have a place with the Old Testament and 147 1/2 to the New, alongside two different books, the Epistle of Barnabas and part of The Shepherd of Hermas.

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The Codex Vaticanus The Codex Vaticanus, supposed on the grounds that it is the most renowned original copy in the ownership of the Vatican library, is by and large accepted to be from the fourth century, and is thought to be the most established (almost) finish duplicate of the Greek Bible in presence.

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The Codex Vaticanus Lacking from it are the vast majority of the book of Genesis, Hebrews 9:14 to the end, the Pastoral Epistles, and the book of Revelation; these parts were lost by harm to the front and back of the volume, which is regular in antiquated original copies.

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A Sample of the Text Codex Vaticanus, Matthew 11:8b-10a

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Codex Alexandrinus Codex Alexandrinus got its name from the condition that its soonest known area was the Egyptian city of Alexandria. It is accepted to be from the fifth century This codex comprises of 773 material leaves measuring 12.6 by 10.4 inches. For all intents and purposes the greater part of the OT (630 leaves) and NT (143) are protected in the codex.

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Codex Alexandrinus Normally the quires are made up 8 clears out. The content is composed in two segments for every page with 46 - 52 lines each and 20 - 25 letters for every line. The letters are composed in a plain uncial script with the starting lines of books in red ink. Letters at the finishes of lines are frequently littler and swarmed

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Witness - Josephus One of the most essential bits of proof for the framing and shutting of the group at once preceding Christ might be found in the works of Josephus, the Jewish student of history. He composes ( at around 100 AD ) "It is genuine our history has been composed since Artaxerxes especially yet has not been regarded of the like power with the previous by our ancestors, in light of the fact that there has not been a precise progression of the prophets since that time."

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The Council of Jamnia The following real bit of proof to be noted is the Council of Jamnia , which appears to have occurred around 90 AD. This gathering set up and shut the standard definitively for about all Jews. It has been their standard from that point forward. However it ought to be noticed that the committee did not represent all Jews, there were Jews living in Ethiopia who either did not know about it or did not acknowledge the choice of Jamnia . Right up \'til today they utilize an alternate standard than their Palestinian brethren [Encyclopedia Judaica , Vol 6, p 1147].

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Witness – Philo of Alexandria (c.20 BC - c. Promotion 50) Of some interest are the compositions of Philo, a productive Alexandrian Jew who lived in generally the season of Christ. Despite the fact that he gives us no group, it is deserving of note that he doesn\'t utilize the books under debate amongst Protestants and Catholics .

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Witness – Philo of Alexandria (c.20 BC - c. Promotion 50) While it is valid, then again, that there are numerous books acknowledged by both that he doesn\'t cite - the way that he doesn\'t cite Wisdom appears to require clarification since its con

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