A demographic point of view to comprehend richness boundaries of Hong Kong.


77 views
Uploaded on:
Description
An examination of Total fruitfulness rate (the number infants destined to a lady over the kid bearing period) ... Absolute conjugal ripeness rates by period of marriage in Hong Kong, 1981 ...
Transcripts
Slide 1

A demographic viewpoint to comprehend richness obstructions of Hong Kong Paul Yip Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, The University of Hong Kong

Slide 2

Outlines A diagram of the populace and marriage dispersion An examination of Total fruitfulness rate (the number children destined to a lady over the tyke bearing period) Opportunities and difficulties

Slide 3

Population size of Hong Kong SAR

Slide 4

Number of births and TFRs of HK, 1961 - 2004

Slide 6

Net nuptiality (female), Hong Kong, 1981 and 2001

Slide 7

Age-particular ripeness rates of Hong Kong, 1971-2004

Slide 8

Percentage conveyance of live births by request of live birth, 1981-2003

Slide 9

Total conjugal richness rates The TMFR relies on upon time of marriage Overall, the TMFR has additionally diminished for as far back as 2 decades In 2001, the TMFR for inhabitant ladies was around 2 (near the substitution level), given that they got hitched at 20 However, the figure would therapist to 1.6 on the off chance that they got hitched at 25

Slide 10

Marriage age deferment

Slide 11

Marriage crush wonder in Hong Kong (1)

Slide 12

Assuming the 2001 marriage design wins, it is anticipated that around 29.7% of guys and 24% of female would stay single when they achieve 40

Slide 13

Marriage press marvel in Hong Kong (2)

Slide 14

Total conjugal ripeness rates by time of marriage in Hong Kong, 1981 - 2001

Slide 15

Total conjugal fruitfulness rates of Hong Kong by time of getting hitched, 2001

Slide 16

Live births of Hong Kong by living arrangement of guardians, 1991 - 2004

Slide 17

Proportions of live births in Hong Kong by habitation of guardians, 1991 – 2004

Slide 18

Number of live births in Hong Kong by living arrangement of moms, 1981 - 2003

Slide 19

Reasons for decrease of TFR Reduction on conjugal fruitfulness rate Increase in the quantity of spinsterhood Late marriage (middle age on first marriage: 30 guys and 27 females) Imbalance of the free market activity (lone wolves versus old maids) around 90,000 of ladies (age 20-44) dwarfs men (25-49)

Slide 20

WHY? A study on Barriers to Fertility for wedded couples Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) study by the Family Planning Association A comparative study entitled "Obstructions on Fertility" Yip, Lee and Lam, (2002) The three noteworthy concerns: 1. Unfavorable Economic condition 2. Unsuitably Education administration 3. Singular inclination.

Slide 22

Number of spinsterhood is expanding

Slide 23

Proportion of ever hitched people

Slide 24

Fertility Do we have an issue? Yes! Is it a beat issue? No!

Slide 25

Speed and Magnitude of the decrease of the Fertility It is the rate and the extent of the diminishment of the fruitfulness rate,

Slide 26

What would we be able to gain from the abroad nations Different measures have been executed in numerous nations which have encountered low ripeness (i.e. Australia, France, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Sweden and USA) that restrain ripeness decay . Is it true that they are important in Hong Kong?

Slide 27

Total ripeness rates of Hong Kong and chose low fruitfulness economies, 1995 – 2002

Slide 28

Window closes prior when the age truncating for aggregate reliance proportion changed Source: United Nations World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision

Slide 29

The difficulties: Quantity versus Quality How to return the low richness: Replacement Migration: Healthy Population:

Slide 30

Low fruitfulness About 60% lessening is because of progress of conjugal dispersion as opposed to the diminishment of conjugal richness rate Promoting ripeness: CS recommended to have three. Because of the late marriage, they won\'t not have the capacity to get up to speed (1 st request of birth 24.8 in 1981 to 29.8 in 2003) Engage the babies from Mainland conceived moms in Hong Kong. (Obviously, take care of the basic staff issue first)

Slide 31

Replacement relocation About more than 80% of the populace development from movement. The new comers revive and infuse fresh recruits into the group. They are not coming (38100 one-way allow holders in 2004). Sway on the work power: deferment of the retirement age. Fruitful involvement in Shanghai around 30% are recently vagrants

Slide 32

Population pyramid of Hong Kong 1976, 2003 and 2033

Slide 33

Replacement Migration: moderate down maturing

Slide 34

Healthy Population Life-long wellbeing advancement and practice Healthy way of life. Counteractive action: to avoid superfluous wellbeing cost: for instance, smoking and endeavored or finished suicides

Slide 35

To evacuate the snags for getting hitched and bearing infants Economic and Financial effect is a genuine concern. A people group agreement is required. What amount the group will pay for it? A higher expense?

Slide 36

Discussions Social Responsibility and Individual decision? Somebody needs to pay for it. No free lunch!

Slide 37

Time to Act Now Analogy of a clock: Second arm (legislative issues) Minute arm (financial strategy) Hour arm (demography approach)

Slide 38

Thank you

Recommended
View more...