A Preliminary for Legislative issues in Slovakia Tim Haughton, College of Birmingham and Kevin Deegan-Krause, Wayne Stat.


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A Preliminary for Legislative issues in Slovakia Tim Haughton, College of Birmingham and Kevin Deegan-Krause, Wayne State College. `. Points. `. Lawful System How do law and constitution shape legislative issues? Issues What is governmental issues truly about? Parties What do the primary players stand for?
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A Primer for Politics in Slovakia Tim Haughton, University of Birmingham and Kevin Deegan-Krause, Wayne State University `

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Topics ` Legal Framework How do law and constitution shape legislative issues? Issues What is governmental issues truly about? Parties What do the fundamental players stand for? Will they get what they need? Coalitions What governments could shape after the 2006 decision? What are the suggestions for the US?

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Part I. ` Legal Framework for Politics Electoral System Presidency Coalition Council Laws on Parties

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Legal Framework Electoral System One single across the nation area Proportional dispersion of seats Share of Seats Share of Votes

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Legal Framework Electoral System One single across the country locale Proportional dissemination of seats But 5% edge decides extents Share of Seats Share of Votes

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Legal Framework Electoral System One single across the country region Proportional conveyance of seats But 5% edge decides extents Just more than 5% Share of Seats Share of Votes

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Legal Framework Electoral System One single across the country region Proportional appropriation of seats But 5% edge decides extents Less than 5% Share of Seats Share of Votes

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Legal Framework Electoral System One single across the country region Proportional circulation of seats But 5% edge decides extents Presidency Few forces (influences arrangements, constrained veto) But coordinate race implies authenticity And president picks Prime Minister assign Coalition Council Informal association But after 2002, accepted focal point of force Means that gathering pioneers require not generally be individuals from government Party Rules

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Part II. ` Issues Economic Reform Integration Nationalism and Democracy Culture and Morals

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Issues: Shift in prevailing issue, 1989-present Nationalism CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Broader Integration

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Issues: Shift in predominant issue, 1989-present 1990 Independent Slovakia CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Czechoslovakia

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Issues: Shift in overwhelming issue, 1989-present 1992 Independent Slovakia CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Czechoslovakia

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Issues: Shift in predominant issue, 1989-present 1994 Slovak Nationalism Authoritarianism CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Czechoslovakia/Integration Democracy

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Issues: Shift in prevailing issue, 1989-present 1998 Slovak Nationalism Authoritarianism CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Integration Democracy

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Issues: Shift in overwhelming issue, 1989-present 2002 Nationalism/Euroskepticism Authoritarianism CommunismState Control Anti-Communism Free Market Integration Democracy

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Issues: Shift in predominant issue, 1989-show Today Nationalism/Euroskepticism Authoritarianism Communism State Control Anti-Communism Free Market Integration Democracy

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Issues: Shift in predominant issue, 1989-present Emerging? Patriotism/Euroskepticism Authoritarianism Church/Morality Communism State Control Anti-Communism Free Market Cultural Freedom Integration Democracy

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Issues: Free Market v. State Control The “Neoliberal” Project Tax: level rate and low rates (Miklos) Welfare: government managed savings, benefits (Kanik) Health: clinics andâ insurance firms work as organizations (Zajac)â  Education: college fees (Fronc)     Justice: "Californication of Justice Policy" (Lipsic) But particular gatherings have particular (and diverse) motivation Agendas reflected in control of clerical portfolios

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Issues: Residual Issues Residual Anti-Integration/Nationalism Hungarian questions Roma questions Residual Authoritarianism The subject of Meciar The topic of Fico

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Issues: Emerging Issues Emerging Moral Issues Abortion Homosexuality Emerging Cultural Issues Admission of Turkey to the EU Christianity in EU Constituiton

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Part III. ` Parties Importance: How much famous backing? Security: What sort of prevalent backing? Association: Who settles on gathering choices? Belief system: What does the gathering stand for?

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Parties SDKU Smer SMK KSS KDH HZDS ANO SNS

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Parties: How well known? SDKU

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Parties: How well known? SDKU

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Parties: Who bolsters? SDKU Knows English Young Educated Urban Wealthy Secular Male SDKU Only Slovak Old Low Education Rural Poor Religious Female Source: 2004 FOCUS conclusion study

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Parties: Who chooses? SDKU Leader Apparatus Membership SDKU Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master overview

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Parties: Who chooses? SDKU Leader Apparatus Membership How bound together? Parts since establishing: Slobodne Forum (2003) Splinters since establishing: A couple of Apparent groups: Residual from earlier gatherings (DU, KDH, DS) Split/Splinter Potential Currently low yet higher if loss of office Smer

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Parties: Where do party voters stand? SDKU Market Freedom EU/Int’l Integration Minority Rights Cultural Freedom SDKU State Control National Independence Slovak Predominance Morality Source: 2004 FOCUS conclusion overview

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Parties: How much do issues make a difference? SDKU Charisma Platform Clientelism SDKU Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master overview

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Parties: How mainstream? SMK

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Parties: How well known? SMK

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Parties: Who underpins? SMK Knows English Young Educated Urban Wealthy Secular Male SMK Only Slovak Old Low Education Rural Poor Religious Female Source: 2004 FOCUS supposition study

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Parties: Who chooses? SMK Leader Apparatus Membership SMK Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master review

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Parties: Who chooses? SMK Leader Apparatus Membership How brought together? Parts since establishing: None Splinters since establishing: None Apparent groups: Many, ideological and “regional” Split/Splinter Potential Low the length of current constituent framework proceeds Smer

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Parties: Where do party voters stand? SMK Market Freedom EU/Int’l Integration Minority Rights Cultural Freedom SMK State Control National Independence Slovak Predominance Morality Source: 2004 FOCUS feeling overview

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Parties: How much do issues make a difference? SMK Charisma Platform Clientelism SMK Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master review

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Parties: How prevalent? KDH

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Parties: How prominent? KDH

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Parties: Who bolsters? KDH Knows English Young Educated Urban Wealthy Secular Male KDH Only Slovak Old Low Education Rural Poor Religious Female Source: 2004 FOCUS conclusion review

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Parties: Who chooses? KDH Leader Apparatus Membership KDH Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master overview

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Parties: Who chooses? KDH Leader Apparatus Membership How bound together? Parts since establishing: SKDH (1991), SDKU (2000) Splinters since establishing: Few Apparent groups: Minor, Europhiles v. Europhobes Split/Splinter Potential Low Smer

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Parties: Where do party voters stand? KDH Market Freedom EU/Int’l Integration Minority Rights Cultural Freedom KDH State Control National Independence Slovak Predominance Morality Source: 2004 FOCUS supposition study

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Parties: How much do issues make a difference? KDH Charisma Platform Clientelism KDH Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master review

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Parties: How well known? ANO

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Parties: How mainstream? ANO

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Parties: Who bolsters? ANO Knows English Young Educated Urban Wealthy Secular Male ANO Only Slovak Old Low Education Rural Poor Religious Female Source: 2004 FOCUS conclusion review

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Parties: Who chooses? ANO Leader Apparatus Membership ANO Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master overview

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Parties: Who chooses? ANO Leader Apparatus Membership How bound together? Parts since establishing: None Splinters since establishing: Many Apparent groups: Personality based Split/Splinter Potential Moderate yet high if loss of office Smer

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Parties: Where do party voters stand? ANO Market Freedom EU/Int’l Integration Minority Rights Cultural Freedom ANO State Control National Independence Slovak Predominance Morality Source: 2004 FOCUS supposition overview

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Parties: How much do issues make a difference? ANO Charisma Platform Clientelism ANO Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master overview

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Parties: How prevalent? Smer Projected Range

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Parties: How well known? Smer

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Parties: Who bolsters? Smer Knows English Young Educated Urban Wealthy Secular Male Smer Only Slovak Old Low Education Rural Poor Religious Female Source: 2004 FOCUS supposition overview

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Parties: Who chooses? Smer Leader Apparatus Membership Smer Source: 2005 Rohrschneider and Whitefield master review

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Parties: Who chooses? Smer Leader Apparatus Membership How brought together? Parts since establishing: None Splinters since establishing: None Apparent groups: Former social democrats? Split/Splinter Potential Currently low yet debilitated by an excessive amount of achievement (i.e. Smer controls government) or too little (i.e. Smer puts ineffectively in yet another decision. Smer

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Parties: Where do party voters stand? Smer Market Freedom EU/Int’l Integration Minority Rights Cultural Freedom Smer State Control National Independence Slovak Predominance Morality Source: 2004 FOCUS supposition study

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Parti

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