A Story of Two Urban areas A Story of Two Wars.

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The main incredible human advancement in Greece and Crete was the Minoan (2000 BCE 1400 BCE) ... The Persian armed force had little inconvenience as it traveled through northern Greece. ...
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A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars Persian War Athens & Sparta versus Persian Empire Peloponnesian War Athens versus Sparta

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Brief History of Greece The principal extraordinary human progress in Greece and Crete was the Minoan (2000 BCE – 1400 BCE). Around 1400 BCE, the Mycenaean development supplanted the Minoan, and commanded Greece until around 1100 BCE, when brutes known as Dorians attacked.

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The Hellenic Era Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C. ) Mycenae (Greeks) struggled for control of the Aegean Sea with Troy Trojan War

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Emergence of the Polis, or Greek City-State Starting around 800 BCE another human advancement, the Hellenic, got to be prevailing in Greece. By 750 B.C. city-states started to shape The Hellenic human advancement was made out of two strands, the Dorian and the Ionian. This progress offered ascend to another type of social/political association: the polis .

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The Polis The polis was an autonomous, self-overseeing city of somewhere around 50,000 and 300,000 individuals. A few dozen polises (Greek "poleis") specked the Greek farmland In each polis, governmental issues, religion, and social life were nearly entwined.

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Types of Government Two sorts of government were utilized as a part of the Greek Polises. The Dorians for the most part had an oligarchic type of government. The Greek word theocracy implies guideline by the few. The Ionians built up the main popularity based type of government. Majority rule government implies standard by the general population.

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Sparta and Athens Generally, the Dorians relied on agribusiness, while the Ionians were seafarers and vendors. The two essential poleis were Sparta and Athens. Sparta was Dorian , oligarchic, and had a horticulture based economy. Athens was Ionian , popularity based, and relied on upon marine and exchange.

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Background History The Greek City-States under the authority of Athens crushed the Persian Empire Athens is recognized as the main Greek state However, as Thucydides relates in his history, Athenians progressively fear Sparta as a contender and trust they should build Athen " s control and oppress Sparta

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Athens and Sparta were both poleis (plural of \'polis.\') Both were city-states, free, with their own sub-culture and type of administration. No "capital city" of Greece While you were Greek- - and glad for it- - your essential fidelity and devotion were towards your city-state Many city-states in Greece and somewhere else. Athens and Sparta said the most on the grounds that they developed as the most capable ones.

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TERMS Monarchy Rule by a lord Oligarch y Rule by a little gathering of individuals. Normally elites bound together by interests and riches. Gentry Rule by a little gathering of individuals, yet in the established definition, they\'re decided for their goodness and astute tenet (however this wasn\'t generally the case).

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TERMS 4. Oppression Rule by a person with outright power who took power by power, once in a while with well known bolster Acropolis Center and fortress of city-state. Actually signifies "high city" or "city at the top." Usually alludes to the one in Athens today Agora An open range going about as a focal point of open life furthermore the commercial center

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Helot Land-bound serfs that worked Spartan area From encompassing place that is known for Laconia and Messenia that were prevailed. Possessed by the state and not singular experts - bosses couldn\'t offer them. Sparta got half of the helot\'s harvests. Altogether dwarfed the subjects. The potential danger they displayed was another motivation behind why the Spartans had such an intense armed force Spartans were hesitant to battle too a long way from Sparta keeping in mind that the helots misbehave

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Spartan Values Strength Duty Discipline Athenian Values Individuality Beauty Freedom Different Values

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Athens-A city of the Wise City situated on southern bit of the Greek landmass, not on the Peloponnesus A city keep running by masterminds and known for both its military may and knowledge in government and fight Appropriately named after Athena, goddess of intelligence in fight and insight

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Ancient Greek Map

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Athens-Evolution of Democracy Around 1300-700, Athens is ruled by lords . After some time it changes to a gentry (a couple of effective, tip top guideline), Then an oppression (one individual takes control) Finally- - by 450- - a majority rules system (standard by numerous)

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Athens-Democratic Principles New, vote based thoughts rise up out of Athenian society and society: Direct Democracy : Citizens choose their delegates Public Debate : Becomes a craftsmanship in Athens to examine and contend specifics of government Duties of the Citizen : All residents have obligations, for example, voting, taking part in the administration procedure

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Athens acclaimed for being essential premise of Western Civilization Its vote based system wasn\'t generally consistent, and Its structure somewhat not the same as what we\'re acquainted with. Athens initially a kingdom which transformed into a greater amount of a privileged that got to be insecure, somewhat because of laws being oral and self-assertive In 621 BC, Draco was selected to arrange the laws Unpopular move in light of the fact that the laws (both as they as of now existed and were classified by Draco, additionally most particularly as outlined by Draco) were amazingly brutal.

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More on Draco… Death was the punishment for even minor wrongdoings, such as taking vegetables. Draco asserted this was a suitable discipline and if something far more detestable were discovered, he would have connected to more noteworthy wrongdoings. Distinctive classes were likewise treated in an unexpected way – account holders could be sold into subjugation if in the red to a higher class. An upside is that homicide was rebuffed by the state rather than by blood-fight quarrels. It is from Draco that the expression "draconian" infers.

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Solon The Athenian administrator that initially settled the premise of common majority rule government Draco\'s constitution wasn\'t working out too well and in 594 BC, Solon reconsidered it (totally). He tossed out the greater part of Draco\'s laws with the exception of those concerning murder. He needed to strike a harmony between the worries of the privileged and those of poor people. The poor were disappointed at the likelihood of they and their families being sold into subjection in the event that they were owing debtors to a privileged person. The privileged people needed to keep an unrest and keep their riches (and their skin).

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Some changes : Debt-servitude was canceled. Anyone who had been sold into servitude because of obligation was freed. Every remarkable obligation were annulled. Capital punishment just for homicide. Classes depended on wage, not birth Pentakosiomedimnoi : Those whose area delivered 500 bushels for every annum Hippeis : Those who were worth 300 bushels Zeugitai : Those who were worth 200 bushels Thetes : Manual workers. Move was essential since it broke the force of inherited nobility

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Some changes cont. Presented trial by jury Set up new arrangement of government Included a second rate class in the Boule (chamber of 400 – 100 from each of the four tribes) After the new laws distributed and official, he cleared out Athens for a long time to keep away from enticement to wind up a despot however he was adequately one in making the laws Went visiting. Neither the poor nor the rich of Athens cheerful about new laws at first the blue-bloods had obligations to them nullified and the poor didn\'t get more riches, however they enjoyed them after some time.

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Peisistratus (Hippocrates\' child) Mentee of Solon Became pioneer of Athens\' poor in 565 BC Initial endeavors at seizing control of Athens fizzled Seized power in 560 BC, Tyrant by 546 BC. Made well known changes. Lessened tax collection Introduced celebrations Increased exchange and trade Produced mint piece cash Beautified the city

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Peisistratus cont. Had official duplicates of the Iliad & Odyssey composed. Helped poor people, gave them occupations through open works, Poor were fulfilled & upheld him. Saved the fair establishments, however stacked abdominal areas with family & colleagues. When he first took power in 560 BC, it was through crafty misleading. Did it again later. Solon asked the Athenians to oppose Peisistratus, however they were too fearful and Peisistratus too capable. Solon himself straightforwardly restricted Peisistratus.

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Cleisthenes Took power with Spartan help after Peisistratus\' child Hippias was ousted Reformed the administration Previously, there were various tribes and there was strife among the city society, slope people, and plain people. Cleisthenes sorted out ten altogether new tribes each made out of individuals from the three areas and of various family tribes. Broke old tribal or class loyalties & reoriented individuals towards the state. Solon\'s committee of 400 turned into the Council of 500, 50 individuals from each new tribe.

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Cleisthenes cont. Get together got to be primary administering assortment of Athens and managed everyday undertakings. Anyone was qualified to serve for one year and it was normal that every male native would serve in the end. Likewise served as a preeminent court/jury, aside from homicide cases and religious matters - those stayed to the Areopagus) With the foundation of the gathering, Athens turned into an agent majority rule government. The residents themselves ran it.

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Four Reformers Draco (621 B.C.) Written code of laws Solon (594 B.C.) Eliminated obligation subjugation Peisistratus (546 B.C.) Caters to laborers Cleisthenes (508 B.C.) Council of 500

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Six Steps to Democracy Outlawed Slavery Reduce honorability Redistribute arrive Assembly Council of 500 Ostracism

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Women didn\'t have the same rights as in Sparta Expected to deal with the home Boys were shown perusing and composing and Girls were shown local abilities by slaves: like turning and sewing Not permitted out of the

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