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About this presentation… . Is liberated to be utilized by understudies, instructors and open. It would be ideal if you recognize it is from FSU. It can likewise be replicated and downloaded. Is composed in Microsoft Power Point that can be perused by various PC frameworks.
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About this presentation…. Is liberated to be utilized by understudies, instructors & open. If you don\'t mind recognize it is from FSU. It can likewise be replicated and downloaded. Is composed in Microsoft Power Point that can be perused by various PC frameworks. On the off chance that you locate any required changes, please contact Dr. Doyle at rdoyle@frostburg.edu

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Frostburg State Planetarium presents Nov-Jan. Sky Sights for Middle School & Intermediates by Dr. Bounce Doyle Next Edition: Early Jan.’10

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Big Topics Treated Horizon, Finding headings, Sunrise/Sunset How Day Sky Works, Twilight AM & PM Moon rudiments, It’s Origin Why it’s fluctuating shapes? Brilliant focuses seen during the evening? Simple Nov.Jan.Planets Best Stars & Star Groups Seen Nov.Jan. Nighttimes 3 Built in Mini Quizzes with answers supplied Nov.Jan. Moon Schedule, Planet & Star tables Nov.Jan. Planetarium Schedule & related information

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Horizon & Directions When taking a gander at sky, we may see ½ of universe ! Skyline encompasses us, the sky/ground limit At top of sky is pinnacle, 90 degrees from skyline From North to right, East, then South and West. Sun ascends in ESE, face dawn, to left is North Noon shadows point N (for E. Standard time) Sun sets in WSW, face nightfall, to right is North Can utilize Big Dipper’s pointers to discover N. Star

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Sunrise & Sunsets? Earth’s day by day pivot makes it look as though sun rises every morning & sets every evening Time of dawn, dusk fluctuates through year Earliest dawn & most recent nightfall in late June Latest dawn & soonest nightfall in late Dec. Longest days when sun most elevated, most remote N Shortest days when sun least, most distant S Change in dawn/dusk time less close equator Change in dawn/nightfall time develops close shafts

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Let’s audit these thoughts What point in sky is most remote from skyline? Is it Celestial Pole? Pinnacle? Nadir? Which course formula WON’T work? S. Side of tree with greenery? Shadow in late morning? Place where greatest changes with seasons? Polar Regions? Mid Latitudes? Equator? Record your responses for these inquiries. Answers: Zenith, Mid day shadow, Polar locales

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Interesting realities about day sky Noon sun million x brighter than full moon Day Sky max. polarization 90 deg. from sun Maximum daylight vitality in ahead of schedule summer Sun tops early afternoon( (Noon Standard time) Minimum daylight vitality begin of winter To discover North, confront where sun goes down and amplify your right arm out, focuses North.

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Twilight or Dusk? At the point when sun vanishes from our perspective, the air overhead is still ‘seeing’ sun and sparkling. At the point when sun 6 dg. beneath skyline, turn on lights When sun 18 dg. beneath skyline, sky darkest To see weak star gatherings, sun must be 12 dg. beneath Arctic Circle urban areas have no murkiness in June Equatorial spots have most brief nightfalls Our nightfalls most recent an hour and a half at sunset & at sunrise

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What about Moon? Our moon is 2160 miles over, ¼ Earth’s width Moon ¼ as large as Earth; if Earth a normal globe (1 ft.wide), moon is a tennis ball, 30 ft. away As Earth-moon separation around 30 x Earth’s width. As Earth, Moon lit by sun with day & night parts As Moon circles Earth, see shifting piece of day side After line up with sun, moon waxes (grows) 15 d After full moon, moon winds down (psychologists) 15 days Moon stage cycle 29.5 dy, approx. month length

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Just a tiny bit more about Moon rocks uncover moon matter from Earth! Moon because of planets impacting, trash heaved Moon shaped from ring of circling garbage Early moon closer, much more grounded tides Moon gradually spiraling out, protract our day Earth has 1 st characteristic moon from sun, 6 th biggest moon in nearby planetary group

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Another survey of thoughts.. As you face nightfall, what focuses North? Back of Head? Right arm (out)? Left ear? On the off chance that Earth 1 ft. wide, how far away is moon? Is it 10 feet? 30 feet? 100 feet? 300 feet? To what extent does moon ‘grow’ or ‘shrink’? Is it A week? A half month? A month? Record your responses to above 3 questions. Answers: Right arm (out), 30 feet, A half month

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Bright focuses we see around evening time? Indeed, even the closest planets show up as * (focuses) as we see them with our eyes; for even these items far away, Venus at nearest 100x more distant than our moon To tell a planet from a star, throughout the night stars twinkle and planets for the most part sparkle enduring. Additionally satellites (particularly Space Station) sparkle consistently as downer eastbound crosswise over sky Night stars are removed suns, outrageously far away contrasted with our planet neighbors. On the off chance that Earth penny size, moon 22” away, sun 730 ft. away (6.3 ft. wide), closest star is 37,000 mi.away

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Nov.Jan. Planets Evenings, Jupiter brilliant consistent point Moon close Jupiter 11/23, 12/21 & 1/17 First number is month number/2 nd is date Venus splendid at day break, gradually dropping Moon close Venus 11/15, by Dec. Venus gone As Venus brings down, Mars higher & brighter Mars late night sky in East in Nov., rises prior every week, well seen by 9 pm in December, then seen when it gets dim in late January

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Nov.- Jan. Stars & Groups Big Dipper low N, relentlessly enhances every month Rightmost Dipper * point to North Star. Cassiopeia, high in North, looks like a “M” In NE splendid star Capella and 7 Sisters star bunch Late Nov. nights see Orion with 3 star belt Orion better in Dec., takes after tilted hour glass On Jan. indeed., Orion’s 3 star belt focuses to Sirius, night’s brightest star that’s likewise close (9 lt.yrs.)

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Big Dipper & N. Star Nov.Jan.

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Summer Triangle in West Altair, Deneb & Vega

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Cassiopeia, Capella & 7 Sisters group

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Orion & Sirius, late even.Dec, Jan.

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Let’s survey once more… What planet is currently unmistakable at night sky? Is it Venus? Mars? Jupiter? Saturn? At the point when nearest, brilliant planet is lost in sun’s glare? Is it Venus? Mars? Jupiter? Saturn? Which night star is the brightest? Capella or Vega or Sirius Write down your Answers: Jupiter, Venus, Sirius

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Nov.Jan. Moon Schedule Early Nov: Full 11/2, much even. moonlight Mid Nov: Dawn sickle moon Late Nov: Growing night moon & Jupiter Early Dec: Full on 1 st , then floats into morning Late Dec: Growing even.moon&Jupiter, 12/31 full Early Jan: After couple of days, Moon into morn.sky Rest of Jan: Moon in W nightfall & Jupiter on 1/17, ½ full on Jan.22 and onto full on Jan. 29 Dates change from yr to yr, lunar month = 29.5 d.

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Nov.Jan. Planet Schedule Nov: Jupiter in SW nightfall, Mars in E in late even. Venus in Nov. low in E day break, Saturn higher Dec: Jupiter low in SW sunset, Mars low in E 9 pm, Mercury seen low in W nightfall from mid to late Dec Jan: Jupiter even lower W nightfall, Mars in E at dusk, Saturn rises late PM, at day break in South Planet calendar changes every year because of all planets having diverse periods to circle sun

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Nov.- Jan. Gathering Schedule Same *’s (stars) & gatherings return same time every year as Earth circles the sun Nov. & Dec.even: Summer Triangle low in W Nov.- Jan. indeed: Cass (“M”), Capella,7 Sisters high Dec. & Jan. indeed: Orion (3 star belt), Sirius underneath Nov.- Jan. First light Skies highlight spring night stars

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Planetarium Schedule & Services Free Sunday Public Shows at 4 pm, 7 pm Planetarium=Tawes 302, close Clock Tower Nov.Sunday appears: Telescopic Astronomy (no projects Nov.22, Sunday before Thanksgiving) “Christmas & Seasonal Feasts” Dec.6, 13 & 20 “Our Glorious Atmosphere” Jan.10,17,24 & 31 Come around 10 min.early as no late confirmations Call (301) 687-7799 to demand bookmark & map

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Frequently made inquiries What are shooting or falling stars? Pea measured space coarseness affecting upper air and blasting into fire. Imagine a scenario where planets adjusted (as dots on string. They can’t as circles are not in 1 plane. In any case, regardless of the fact that they could, their draw extremely powerless beside our moon. Why study different universes? won’t facilitate our issues By comprehension different universes, better know Earth Your inquiries are welcome at our open projects.

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Send any inquiries to…. Bounce Doyle email rdoyle@frostburg.edu Be certain that inquiries include essentials about sky, moon, planets and stars For inquiries regarding 2012, Pluto, Asteroids, Comets – visit Planetarium, converse with Dr. Doyle Sunday projects are free on Sundays at 4 p.m.and 7 p.m. beginning Sept.6, change month to month at FSU To mastermind program for uncommon gathering, club, call underneath number and state your date and hour. Ca

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