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ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND Subjugation. Did not go to war against the South in 1860 to abrogate bondage His essential objective was to save the Union Be that as it may, normal northern troopers and northern popular conclusion saw annulment of servitude as a noteworthy objective of the war
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ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND SLAVERY Did not go to war against the South in 1860 to abrogate bondage His essential objective was to safeguard the Union However, normal northern warriors and northern general assessment did see cancelation of subjection as a noteworthy objective of the war furthermore, the liberating of slaves would deny the South of significant labor in both military and non military personnel zones and along these lines injure the Southern war exertion For both enthusiastic and pragmatic reasons, the interest for the annulment of servitude developed in the North while the war was all the while going on

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LINCOLN ACTS Lincoln reacted to popular issuing so as to fee Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 Freed all slaves in Union-involved Southern domain Also had Congress sanction the 13 th Amendment in mid 1865 Officially nullified subjugation in the U.S.

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IMPORTANT QUESTIONS Abolition of bondage and military annihilation of South brought up new issues What to do with liberated slaves? Should they be made undeniable residents or made a needy class, free yet not square with? What to do with vanquished white southerners? They had in fact submitted injustice Should they be dealt with as deceivers or excused?

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TEN PERCENT PLAN Since Lincoln had constantly trusted the prime reason for the war had been to safeguard the Union, he believed that, now that it was over, all exertion ought to be made to restoring the Union and consummation the intensity and contempt of war years Wanted to be tolerant on the vanquished South Favored giving them a chance to reconstitute their state governments and exculpating every previous Confederate aside from the most noteworthy pioneers Embodied his permissive position in the alleged Ten Percent Plan

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PROBLEM Many Northerners did not care for the Ten Percent Plan Every Southern state contained a large number of individuals who restricted the Confederacy- - Unionists Northerners needed to compensate Unionists and rebuff Rebels Were anxious ex-Rebels would take revenge on Unionists when they had the chance Would likewise attempt to re-build up subjugation and may even begin another common war once they had recovered quality

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NORTHERN OPINION Many Northerners did not need the South conceded as a full individual from the Union as fast or effortlessly as Lincoln did Wanted the South to experience a time of reproduction initial A trial period in which the North would basically control the South with a specific end goal to verify Southerners were earnest about re-setting up their faithfulness to the Union before permitting Southern states to end up free and equivalent individuals from the U.S .

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WADE-DAVIS BILL Congress thought Ten Percent arrangement was excessively permissive and passed its own particular option, the Wade-Davis Bill Made it troublesome for southern states to compose new state governments Majority of grown-up white makes needed to swear pledge of fidelity to Union first Full citizenship denied to any man who had enthusiastically served the Confederacy Lincoln vetoed the bill and, accordingly, Congress declined to execute Ten Percent Plan Result was stalemate

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CATASTROPHE Congress Lincoln still secured stalemate when the war finished (4-9-65) and Lincoln was killed five days after the fact If Lincoln had lived, he presumably would have discovered an answer An expert legislator who might have discovered some kind of trade off Too brilliant and excessively aspiring, making it impossible to proceed with a battle in the event that he knew he was going to lose But now he was dead

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ANDREW JOHNSON New president, Andrew Johnson, was well meaning yet less savvy, adaptable, and willing to bargain than Lincoln Started off on wrong foot when he declared his own particular approach while Congress was in break As merciful as Ten Percent Plan Pardoned all ex-Confederates when they swore promise to bolster the Union Created methodology to set up new Southern state governments and permit Southern states to re-enter Union Hoped indulgent measures would mend injuries of the Civil War

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TROUBLE When acquitted southerners went to surveys in late 1865 to choose their new state governments, they regularly chose men who had been high Confederate authorities This steamed Northerners Wanted some affirmation that the South would not attempt to leave Union once more, but rather these activities did not give them any high trusts

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BLACK CODES Johnson did not make any procurements for liberated slaves Left their future up to new southern state governments New southern state governments had no longing to assist ex-with slavessing get to be equivalent residents All passed laws that oppressed ex-slaves Called the “Black Codes”

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BAD NEWS Prohibited blacks from affirming against whites in court Prohibited blacks from serving on juries Prohibited marriage in the middle of whites and blacks Banned blacks from blending with whites out in the open offices If a dark individual was captured for vagrancy, they were contracted out to whites and compelled to work until their fines and court expenses were paid off Their work was sold to the most elevated bidder

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NORTHERN RESPONSE Northern Congressmen translated Black Codes as a push to restore servitude in the South Realized that Emancipation Proclamation and 13 th Amendment were insufficient Blacks needed to given the privilege to vote and hold open office so laws like the Black Codes couldn\'t be gone later on Most Republicans were conservatives and would not have liked to battle Johnson and split the gathering over this issue Hoped that they would have the capacity to reason and bargain with him and therefore adjust his remaking system with his participation

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RADICAL REPUBLICANS Johnson declined to trade off Thereby reinforcing the radical wing of Congressional Republicans and gave them the ammo they expected to attempt to dump Johnson and force their own Reconstruction program Radical Republicans were a minority in Congress however they incorporated some extremely capable men Rep. Thaddeus Stevens of PA Hated the South, faulted the whole Civil War for southern slaveowners, and were given to building up Negro fairness Dedicated to confiscating so as to rebuild southern culture the property of southern slaveowners and redistributing it to ex-slaves

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14 TH AMENDMENT Congress passed 2 bills to secure Negro rights in the South Johnson vetoed both bills Not on the grounds that he was a bigot but since he trusted Reconstruction approach ought to be a presidential, not a Congressional, power Congress over-rode both Johnson’s stiff necked attitude gave Radical control of Congress Passed 14 th Amendment Gave blacks equivalent rights and influenced southern states to give blacks full voting rights Northern states endorsed correction however one and only southern state did

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RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF MARCH 2, 1867 Since 14 th alteration was the establishment for all future Reconstruction arrangements, Radicals understood that southern states must be persuaded to confirm it Passed Reconstruction Act of March 2, 1867 to do this Dissolved all state governments in South and separated locale into 5 military areas Each under the control of military leader accused of saving request and ensuring the privileges of ALL persons To expel itself from this circumstance, a southern state needed to sanction the 14 th Amendment and set up a state government that allowed full uniformity and voting rights to blacks

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DECISION TO DUMP JOHNSON Congress likewise passed laws to diminish Johnson’s capacity to upset implementation of its Reconstruction strategy Such as disallowing him from terminating an elected authority with earlier Congressional support Johnson still had enough energy to act as a burden and he did as such however much as could reasonably be expected It was as of right now that Radicals decided to denounce him and dispose of him for the last time

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JOHNSON IN TROUBLE Johnson had not panel a “high wrongdoing or misdemeanor” But rather he had shown a fantastic absence of political judgment He then started to flame elected authorities inviting to the Radicals In direct infringement of the law Congress had recently passed Gave Radicals genuine charge to use to indict him This and 10 other fabricated charges were exhibited to and affirmed by the House

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Impeachment trial held in Senate from March 13-May 16, 1868 Vote close at last 35 blameworthy/19 not liable One vote shy of fundamental 2/3s lion\'s share to arraign Johnson clung to his occupation yet it didn’t matter any more U.S.S. Gift got Republican presidential assignment Making Johnson an intermediary for the remaining 9 months of his term Grant and Republicans cleared the nation in November 1868

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RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SOUTH 20,000 troops positioned in the South Tended to stay out of sight yet their vicinity was strongly loathed by white southerners Role was by and large positive Protected Unionists and blacks when they voted Without armed force, ex-Confederates would have kept both from voting

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CARPETBAGGERS AND SCALAWAGS Most blacks and Unionists voted in favor of Republicans Often for “Carpetbaggers” (white Northerners who had moved toward the South) or “Scalawags” (previous white Unionists) Contrary to myth, most spoke the truth and true men who really needed to help the ex-slave Not the degenerate and horrendous lawmakers that white bigot legend has depicted them to be

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RECONSTRUCTION STATE GOVERNMENTS State governments set up by Republicans all went for ousting white amazingness in the South All gave blacks the privilege to vote Many redistributed authoritative locale to give blacks better representation Property capabilities for voting and holding office were abrogated Black Codes were annulled Institutions for administering to the debilitated, crippled, crazy, and down and out were set up Most set up coordinated government funded schools

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GOOD BUT HATED Some chose Republican authorities in the South were dark Most were white Scalawags or carpetbaggers Most southern state organizations were liberal and went for ensuring balance and instruction for all and help

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