Absolutism and Leviathan I: The Condition of Nature.


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Absolutism and Leviathan I: The Condition of Nature Thomas Hobbes Review Mental Selfishness Balance The "Condition of Nature" Mental Pride The Inquiry: Why do individuals do the things they do?
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Slide 1

Absolutism and Leviathan I: The State of Nature Thomas Hobbes

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Overview Psychological Egoism Equality The “State of Nature”

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Psychological Egoism The Question: Why do individuals do the things they do? The Egoist Answer: Whenever a man does anything , it is for some apparent individual advantage . Corrollary: No one will do anything unless there is something in it for him or her. This is Hobbes’s essential suspicion about human instinct.

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Equality Factual versus Moral Equality Hobbes thinks individuals are equivalent truth be told . Mixed bags of Equality of Physical Strength Equality of Wit Equality of Ambition The Evidence about Wit: How Smart would you say you are?

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Life in the State of Nature Sources of Conflict Competition “Diffidence” Glory The War of All Against All Actual Fighting Readiness to Fight Justice in the State of Nature “Solitary, poor, dreadful, brutish, and short”

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Review Questions What is Hobbes’ perspective of human inspiration? What is the State of Nature? How does Hobbes depict life in the State of Nature? Why does he think life in the State of Nature would be similar to that? .:t

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