Absolutism and State-Building .


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Absolutism and State-Building. Thomas Hobbes and the theory of Absolutism France under Louis XIV (1643-1715) England under the Stuarts (1603-40, 1660-1688). Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. Absolutism. A 17 th -18 th century form of gov’t in which the ruler possessed complete and unrivaled power
Transcripts
Slide 1

Absolutism and State-Building Thomas Hobbes and the hypothesis of Absolutism France under Louis XIV (1643-1715) England under the Stuarts (1603-40, 1660-1688)

Slide 2

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

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Absolutism A 17 th - 18 th century type of gov\'t in which the ruler had finish and unrivaled power NOT boundless or subjective power The ability to make laws and the case that the ruler was exempt from the laws that apply to everyone else Belief in Divine Right

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The Practice of Absolutism Weakening agent congregations Subordinating respectability to government Building state administration Imposing religious and semantic congruity Building armed forces

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II. France under Louis XIV (1643-1715) The Man His Palace His Reign Comparison with Kangxi of China

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Louis XIV Receiving Visitors

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Versailles

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Versailles

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Hall of Mirrors

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Sun King Emblem

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Louis XIV\'s Bedroom

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C. Louis XIV\'s Reign Religious approach of narrow mindedness - Huguenots, Edict of Nantes (1598) Social arrangement of disregard Foreign strategy of war Economic approach of mercantilism

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Mercantilism A gathering of government strategies intended to manage financial business for the advantage of the state Development of settlements and positive adjust of exchange

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D. Absolutism in China: Kangxi (1654-1722)

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III. Britain under the Stuarts Differences with France – Magna Carta (1215), Puritanism, financial development The Elizabethan Legacy Stuart Stupidity – James I and Charles I English Civil War – Oliver Cromwell; Levelers, Diggers, Baptists, Quakers Restoration – Charles II, James II, and the Test Act Glorious Revolution – John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1690) Global Context

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James I Personal Problems Economic Problems Religious Problems Administrative Problems

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Charles I

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II. Britain under the Stuarts Differences with France – Magna Carta (1215), Puritanism, monetary development The Elizabethan Legacy Stuart Stupidity – James I and Charles I English Civil War – Oliver Cromwell; Levelers, Diggers, Baptists, Quakers Restoration – Charles II, James II, and the Test Act Glorious Revolution – John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1690) Global Context

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Oliver Cromwell

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"Oliver Cromwell as King"

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Turning the World Upside Down Levelers – yearly gatherings for Parliament, paid MP\'s, on the right track to vote in favor of every single male head of family unit Diggers – common living and aggregate responsibility for Baptists – grown-up immersion (singular decision) Quakers – anybody enlivened by God can lecture, despise for power, refusal to swear pledges

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II. Britain under the Stuarts Differences with France – Magna Carta (1215), Puritanism, financial development The Elizabethan Legacy Stuart Stupidity – James I and Charles I English Civil War – Oliver Cromwell; Levelers, Diggers, Baptists, Quakers Restoration – Charles II, James II, and the Test Act Glorious Revolution – John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1690) Global Context

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John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690) The immense end of men\'s going into society being the satisfaction in their properties in peace and wellbeing, and the considerable instrument and method for that being the laws set up in that society, the first and basic positive law of all federations is the building up of the administrative power… . The authoritative is the preeminent influence of the republic, as well as hallowed and unalterable… .

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What Happened in England? Incredible Rebellion Puritan Revolution Last of Religious Wars Liberty against Tyranny First Bourgeois Revolution or Rebellion Revolution or Civil War

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Global Context "Emergency of the Seventeenth Century" as populace development prompts financial emergency, divisions among elites, and well known uprisings Ottoman Empire, Ming China, Dutch Republic Emergence of heterodox religious developments, e.g., Sufism, Taizhou School

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