Absolutism in Britain.


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Life in the seventeenth Century: Clothing. Toward the start of the 1600s there was one and only word to depict the dress of the upper classes.STIFF!. Mid seventeenth Century Clothing: Men. No such thing as clothing.
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Slide 1

Absolutism in England Restoration to Glorious Revolution Section 3 (cont.)

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Life in the 17 th Century: Clothing At the start of the 1600s there was just a single word to depict the dress of the high societies. Hardened!

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Early 17 th Century Clothing: Men No such thing as clothing. – You wore a short chemise that went down to the mid-thigh. Served as your nightshirt as well. Infrequently changed your "materials."

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Men\'s Clothing in the mid 17 th Century Over the undershirt men would put cushioning to make it seem as though they had a midsection and cushioning for the roll. Regularly so stuffed – they couldn\'t take a seat! Held their leggings up with shaded supporters. Shoes had no heels and there were no left or right foot shapes. Ruffs were wired to hold their shape. Doublets and jerkins completed the "look."

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Women\'s Clothing: At the start of the 17 th century: Chemises were regularly full length. Wore loads of wire and whale issue that remains to be worked out their garments hardened.

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History of the Corset Tended to disfigure ladies\' rib confines and move organ arrangement. Presumably had huge impact in the quantity of premature deliveries and passings in labor.

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Transformation (for momentarily) in the 17 th Century Clothing got to be gentler and less demanding to wear. Wearing trim and shading an indication of your influence and riches.

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Women\'s Clothing Empire abdomens. Undergarments were somewhat looser. Ribbon was separable on the dress to make it look changed. Pearl gems was the fierceness. Awfulness! Ladies were trimming blasts and frizzing their hair! It was the age of the décolletage. Low, LOW neck areas that trim was worn over.

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Men\'s Clothing: The Cavalier Boots were generally supported by men. The petticoat was long and coats were "cutaway" so you could see the abundance of the petticoat and ribbon. Caps were enormous and destroyed inside and additionally. Leggings were held up by vivid straps under their breeches.

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Shoes/Boots/Gloves Red heeled shoes were permitted ONLY for sovereignty. Still no left nor right foot. Container topped boots for men. Gloves were likewise vital for the nobles to wear. Handcrafted for the person. Frequently given as engagement endowments – you would trade one glove.

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The other "style" of the time: WIGS!

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Men wore wigs Personal cleanliness was bad. Expound long hair was the wrath to wear. It was less demanding to shave your head and keep wigs. Hairspray? Mousse? Gel? – they utilized spread and grease. Size of the wig demonstrated your societal position. Lord\'s must be the tallest! Louis XIV had more than 300 wigs.

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poor people? Secured their hair to keep lice and other vermin from the sleek hair. Frequently wore a similar thing until it spoiled away.

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England 1660: The Return of a King THE RESTORATION King Charles II is taken back to manage England.

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Charles II: A flat out ruler – that knew limits. Charles had confidence in his Divine Right to run the show. In any case, he appeared to realize that there should have been points of confinement. Deliberate points of confinement.

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Charles II: Childhood Unusual for his time, his folks were wanting to their youngsters. Be that as it may, as the main conceived child, Charles had uncommon consideration. As a kid surprisingly tall and solid. Curiously physically dynamic for a sovereign. Took after his Grandfather Henry IV of France.

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Charles II Privilege finished suddenly when his dad was guillotined. 19 years of age – a sovereign without a nation or cash. Regarded as a poor connection in France.

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What happened to his mom? Henrietta Maria did not handle banish and losing her significant other extremely well. Appealed to Cromwell to give her "dowager\'s ideal" of the cash from tin mines in England. Customarily what widowed rulers lived off of.

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What do you think Cromwell said? He said it was genuine – he would give a widowed ruler her legitimate legacy IF … . She was a QUEEN of England. Keep in mind? Henrietta Maria had declined to be delegated in a Protestant function.

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Henrietta Maria Spent a large portion of whatever remains of her life crying over her lost spouse. Attempted to have him made into a holy person. Her tears and declining to be in any house she had been in with her significant other made her a not as much as welcome visitor.

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Charles II Didn\'t get much supervision. Needed to assume control as the leader of the family. An unemployed sovereign needed to take in a considerable measure of modesty and managing without things. Likewise liberated him up to perceive how other individuals lived.

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Charles II Kept lines of correspondence open with England. 1659 was offered the opportunity to return to England IF: Signed the Petition of Right that his dad had discarded.

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Charles II: Charles concurred IF: Parliament wouldn\'t meddle with his Divine Right. He could render retribution on the men who had marked his dad\'s demise warrant.

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The Regicides Of the 59 men who had marked Charles I passing warrant in 1649, 35 were still alive in 1660. Most moved to Europe or the Americas. Some were hanged. Some were hanged, drawn and quartered. Others detained forever. One was exculpated. He had helped Charles II in a state of banishment.

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King Charles did not regard his arrival as an opportunity to "get even" with individuals. For a flat out ruler he was quite reasonable. Spent part of the duty cash on enhancing the life of his kin. Had some religious resistance.

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Religion under King Charles II (1660 – 1685) Return to the Anglican Faith as the religion of the nation. Some resistance for Catholics. Puritans could rehearse their religion BUT: Ministers couldn\'t live nearer than 7 miles to their parishioners. You couldn\'t be hitched or covered in your congregation. Needed to utilize the Anglican Church Continued until 1888!

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The Restoration: 1660 - 1685 PARTY TIME! After every one of the limitations under the Puritans, individuals were prepared to have a decent time. Charles certainly knew how!

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The Restoration: 1660 - 1685 Clothing and ethics were "looser." Dancing, Theater, Music were supported.

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And HORROR to the Puritans! 1661 WOMEN were permitted to follow up on the stage! Nell Gwynn – one of the primary performers and one of King Charles\' numerous, numerous, numerous fancy women!

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King Charles wasn\'t about having a decent time! Inspired by science. Established The Royal Society. England\'s first logical "club." Interested in logical gear. Went out among the general population to perceive how his tenets were being acknowledged by the general population. A few massage parlors as well!

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Trivia: King Charles banned something we utilize frequently today. Felt Coffee Houses were a place where governmental issues was talked about more than it ought to be!

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Charles II: The Merry Monarch We get the expression: "Eat, drink, and be joyful." "Fretful he moves from prostitute to prostitute A joyful ruler, shameful and that\'s just the beginning." Song from the Restoration.

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Charles II Married Catherine of Braganza in the wake of seeing her picture. Didn\'t wed for adoration, it was governmental issues. In any case, said it was a face he could trust.

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Catherine of Braganza Catholic, yet didn\'t parade her religion about England. Was a decent spouse to her better half, with the exception of in one way: She never had a kid. Continuously prematurely delivered.

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The Merry Monarch Had LOTS of excursions – however had FIVE OFFICIAL courtesans. 12 kids. Made special ladies and kids "illustrious" with titles and riches. Didn\'t make Parliament cheerful to need to bankroll every one of these children!

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Mistress #1: Barbara Villiers Made her the Countess of Castlemaine. Dukes of Cleveland. 5 kids

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Mistress #2: Catherine Pegge No photos are known about her: 2 kids Charles FitzCharles. A girl

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Mistress #3: Louise de Kerouaille Duchess of Portsmouth One child: Charles, Duke of Richmond

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Mistress #4: Lucy Walter A Welsh center upper class lady that turned into a prostitute: Son Charles, Duke of Monmouth. One little girl Died before the Restoration.

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Mistress #5: Nell Gwynn The performer! Made their children the Duke of St. Albans and the Earl of Beauclerc.(Beauclerk) But kicked the bucket before he could give her a title. "Try not to let poor Nell starve." – Charles II\'s last words.

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Descendents of King Charles II

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Charles II bites the dust Stroke at 54 May have been brought on by a kidney breakdown? Four days to bite the dust: "I apologize for being so long a diminishing."

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Historical RUMOR: Did Charles II turn CATHOLIC before he passed on? Still a lot of hostile to Catholic estimation in England. Gossipy tidbits about being harmed in a Catholic plot to take the position of royalty.

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Because next in line was his sibling James II A CATHOLIC ruler???

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James II King 1685 - 1689 James in a state of banishment was significantly more "overlooked." He was a more youthful child, an unemployed sovereign without much parental direction in European outcast.

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Prince James Became a Catholic as a young person. Hitched an individual from the lower honorability, Anne Hyde. Had eight kids before she kicked the bucket in 1671. She never "fit in" with the Restoration.

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King Charles Sympathized with his sibling – yet needed to look to the fate of the Stuart line. Two girls of James and Anne lived. Requested that they be raised as Protestants. Princess Mary Princess Anne

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King James II and VII (England and Scotland) The last Catholic lord of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

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James II Tried to tell the English individuals he would be Catholic, yet his successor girls would be Protestants. That appeared to guarantee an anxious England – UNTIL …

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King James remarried! A Catholic. Mary of Modena Was NOT well known with the Protestant English. There had been pregnancies, however had all finished with stillbirths and unnatural birth cycles.

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Then came the Warming Pan Plot! Mary of Modena got to be pr

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