processing & nourishment Chapter 36Slide 2
plot Nutrition presentation Nutrition prerequisites Nutritional issueSlide 3
Nutrition Required for homeostasis Provides vitality for cell work Provides materials body can\'t make monomers, minerals, vitamins Heat for body temperature support Repair & upkeep of tissues Measured in calories 1 gram 1c Measures measure of vitality in sustenance source Different nourishment sources hold distinctive vitality valuesSlide 5
Metabolic rate D= Rate of vitality utilization Basal metabolic rate (bmr) Maintain simply body capacity Ave 1300-2000 kcal/day Will shift amongst people in view of an assortment of components Age -size Sex -stress Exercise -rest GeneticsSlide 7
Thin Craze 95% ladies report disdain with body Fashion models weigh 23% not as much as normal lady Thin speaks to Attractiveness, control, sucessSlide 8
Thin CrazeSlide 9
Thin Craze goes both ways..Slide 10
Nutritional issue Malnutrition ObesitySlide 11
Malnutrition D= insufficiency in 1+ vital supplements Inadequate sustenance admission or sickness Body separates to fuel digestion system 800m overall 75% of americans don\'t meet their RDA Lack of training Children most noteworthy affected gathering Protein insufficiency Main wellspring of complete nourishment sources costlySlide 14
Being Skinny is NOT beneficialSlide 15
Anorexia Highest passing rate of any mental issue Low circulatory strain, bone misfortune, kidney, liver, heart harmSlide 18
Obesity D= Inappropriate high proportion of weight to stature Eating issue of created countries over support ¼ of Americans 1992-2006 stoutness in Americans expanded from 22.9 to 30.5% Child heftiness multiplied since 80s Health dangers Cardiovascular infection Heart assault Diabetes-sort II CancerSlide 19
Diabetes Type II Most normal type of diabetes 90-95% of diabetes cases Insulin insufficiency or insulin resistance Insulin essential in glucose transport from blood to cells Associated with Obesity, hypertension, anomalous cholesterol levels, coronary illness, polycystic ovarian disorderSlide 24
Food "Dependence" ? Comparative neural pathways as medications high-fat sustenances fortify opioids or \'joy chemicals\' in the cerebrum. Dopamine reward framework Dopamine discharged when sustenance eaten Rewards body for survival upgrading practices Obese diminished number of dopamine receptors Similar to medication fixation adjusts of mind science Lab rats Diet 25% sugar Withdrawal side effects Shakes, teeth gabbingSlide 25
Chocolate Addiction? Contain intensifies that copy psychoactive medications Contain cannabinoids Result in Heightened affectability and raptureSlide 26
Hormone irregularity Leptin controls sustenance utilization Inhibitory impact on eating Monitors fat stores Rise in fat levels diminish reaction to leptin Difficult for overweight individual to get thinner (drop in leptin triggers starvation reaction)Slide 27
Industry/Culture Push for bigger net revenues results in less expensive, yet unhealthier items Hydrogenated oils High focus fructose syrupsSlide 28
Obesity Prevention Well adjusted eating regimen Exercise Portion sizeSlide 30
Atkins DietSlide 31
Atkins DietSlide 33
Proper nourishment Provides vitality for cell work Provides materials body can\'t make Monomers Minerals vitaminsSlide 34
Recommended every day stipends Minimum measures for forestalling supplement lacks Standards Dietary supplementsSlide 36
FDA Food & Drug Administration Food items, human & creature drugs, creature encourage Monitors make, import, transport, stockpiling & offer of approx $1Trillion worth of items Define serving sizes, suggested day by day recompensesSlide 37
Old Food Pyramid Fat is terrible, carbs are greatSlide 38
Better yet at the same time not extraordinarySlide 39
Food Labels Profile substance of nourishment items "Low fat" "Light" Informed choices Cals = Kcals Overall profile to settle on educated choices not pretty much calorie contentSlide 40
Make educated choices… …Slide 41
Essential Nutrients D= Substances your body needs that it can\'t fabricate Essential amino acids Vitamins Minerals Essential unsaturated fatsSlide 42
Essential Amino Acids ?? Amino acids? 12 can be made by the body 8= crucial amino acids achieved from sustenance sources Animal nourishments are finished Meat, eggs, milk Vegetable nourishments are deficient Mixture-grains & vegetablesSlide 44
Essential Fatty Acid D= Fats and lipids that the body can\'t produce Glycerol & unsaturated fats Unsaturated fats Linoleic corrosive Phospholipid film Fats from vegetable sourcesSlide 45
Many Fats Saturated fats Meat, dairy, eggs, coconut oil Unsaturated fats (Hydrogenated fats & oils) Monounsaturated fats Olive & canola oil, nuts, avocado Polyunsaturated fats Sunflower, sesame, corn, soybean oils, nuts & seeds Omega-3-fats Fatty fish-salmon, trout, herring, mackeral Trans fatsSlide 47
Saturated fat eating routineSlide 48
Trans Fats As awful if not more terrible than soaked fats Health dangers Atherosclerosis Inability of body to process Increases awful cholesterol (LDL) Lowers great cholesterol (HDL) Found in… Vegetable shortening, Hard margarines, Cookies, wafers, browned nourishments, bundled snacks … ..Slide 52
Good Fats versus Bad fats The great Unsaturated fats like Mono-& polyunsaturated fats Omega-3-fats Raise "great cholesterol" High thickness cholesterol (HDL) Transport overabundance or unused cholesterol back to liver to be discarded Reduces atherosclerosis of veins The Bad Saturated fats & trans fats Raise "terrible cholesterol" Low thickness cholesterol (LDL) Carry cholesterol from liver to cells & tissues Some is great a considerable measure prompts atherosclerosisSlide 53
Nuts Good fats can bring down coronary illness Contain great fats & oils Walnuts Omega-3-unsaturated fats Almonds Vit E, Magnesium, calcium Peanuts Folate, iron Pistachios PotassiumSlide 54
Carbohydrates All carbs changed over to glucose Simple sugars-disacharrides Sweet-sucrose, fructose (natural product), Maltose (veggies), Lactose (milk) Processed nourishments treat, syrups, oats Complex Carbs Grain breads, oats, vegetables, boring vegetables Slower to prepare Refined versus Whole grain Removes vitamins, minerals, & fiberSlide 55
Bran. external seed coat Niacin (b3), Thiamin (B1), Riboflavin (B2), magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc fiber. Germ Plant fetus B1, B2, B3, vitamin E, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc protein and some fat Endosperm greater part of the seed Bulk of protein and starches little measures of vitamins and minerals Whole GrainsSlide 56
Barley Brown rice Buckwheat Bulgar Millet Oatmeal Popcorn Whole wheat bread or pasta or saltines Wild rice Corn pieces Couscous Enriched pasta Grits Pretzels White bread White rice Whole grains versus refined grainsSlide 57
Fiber 20-35g every week Colon wellbeing Lowers rate of colon growth Lowers blood cholesterol levels Lowers sort II diabetes Lowers cardiovascular illness Lowers rate over lifetime Increases satiation Lowers vitality thick nourishments Slows assimilationSlide 58
Fiber sorts Soluble filaments Water solvent Beans, Oatmeal, peas, lentils Apples, mango, plum, kiwi, blackberry, peaches, citrus, figs, pears, strawberries, apples Prevents cholesterol from being retained Regulates spikes in glucose levelsSlide 59
Fiber sorts Insoluble strands Water insoluble Whole wheat grains, wheat grain, chestnut rice, bulgur, seeds Veggies-carrots, cucumbers, celery, tomatoes, lettuce Helps lower colon malignancySlide 60
High Fructose Corn Syrup Simple Sugar substitute Correlation between HFCS utilization and weight Synthetically created sugars 2.6 billion $$/year industry Cheaper to deliver than characteristic sugar Calorie thick a larger number of calories than sucrose expand calorie utilization Altered in concoction structure isomerizedSlide 61
Dairy Has calcium BUT… .. High in soaked fat and cholesterol 2 nd to hamburger One glass 2% is equal to 3 pieces of bacon Recombinant Bovine development hormone (10-20% more drain) Antibiotics Insulin like development component Carcinogen connected to colon & bosom malignancySlide 63
Preccocial Puberty 6x more normal in young ladies Age of adolescence onset prior Past-10-11 yrs Now 7-8 yrs 3 yrs old not exceptionalSlide 64
Vitamins D= natural particles required for bodies appropriate capacity 13 essentials Small sums required Necessary for legitimate capacity Used to fabricate proteins Examples Thiamin (B1) nerve capacity Riboflavin (B2) make atp (NAD+), vision, skin Folic corrosive DNA, Cell division, RBC Vit D Need to retain Ca+ Vit K blood coagulating Vit C-collagenSlide 65
Minerals Chemical components required for body capacity inorganic 21 Require little sums for appropriate capacity Example Calcium Iron Sodium 20X requiredSlide 66
Iron RDA Men & Women (age 50 on) 8 mg Adult (ages 19 to 50) 18 mg Necessary for Oxygen transportationSlide 67
Iron lack frailty Iron insufficiency pallor happens when the body does not have enough iron causes shortcoming, fair skin, and general tiredness Not getting enough O2 to cells brought on by: Bleeding from conditions, for example, ulcers, substantial menstrual periods, or growth. Poor ingestion of iron by the body. Absence of iron in the eating routine or insufficient iron in the eating regimenSlide 68
Calcium Bones & teeth Muscle withdrawal Blood thickening Neural compressions Sources Milk & dairy Dark verdant vegetables Broccoli, spinach, kale, vegetables, some nutsSlide 69
Vitamin Supplements Digestible? Absorptable? Usable? Fundamental?Slide 71
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