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Recreations of procedure appear to have developed when. Social orders expanded in many-sided quality to such a ... Dominoes, Backgammon & card recreations. Diversion outline = planning principles ...
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Address WHAT Is a GAME? Characterizing OUR OBJECT OF STUDY 9 876554488321888888888888821888880007654378 9 88888888888888882188888888888888821888888888888 9

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A stimulating display William a. higinbotham (1958) US government atomic examination office, Brookhaven National Laboratory I considered the entire thought so clear that It never struck me to consider a patent

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IT IS one of the unusual incongruities of mankind\'s History, that the amusements played and created Over a large number of years have ended up fitting The current advanced PC so well (juul, 2003, p. 44)

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Game of challenge Game of chance Divine will could be witnessed through apparently Random plots ( Poole , 2000, p.174)

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human progress Games of system appear to have risen when Societies expanded in multifaceted nature to such an Extent, to the point that there was a requirement for strategy And key fighting ( sutton-smith ) Mancala Wari

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Purist, unique videogames Alexei pajitnov pentominoes

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PLAY recreations That which has neither utility nor truth nor similarity, not yet, In its belongings, is destructive, can best be judged by The foundation of the appeal that is in it, and by the Pleasure it bears. Such joy, involving as it Does no obvious great or sick, is play ( Plato ) Is Furby a videogame? (Aarseth, 2001)

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Paidea ludus Roger caillois Physical or mental movement which hAS NO IMMEDIATE USEFUL OBJECTIVE, AND WHOSE ONLY REASON TO BE IS BASED IN THE PLEASURE EXPERIENCED BY THE PLAYER ( FRASCA, 1999 ) Activity sorted out under an arrangement of tenets That characterizes a triumph or an annihilation, an increase or A misfortune ( FRASCA, 1999 )

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Ludus are hard-coded inside the system: the Program incorporates a ludus guideline and it will tell The player is she succeeded or not toward the end Of the session. In any case, the same mission Based test system could likewise be utilized for Paidea: the player could essentially not take after The tenet and would simply play around with the Airpolane … it is the player not the planner Who chooses how to utilize the toy, a diversion, or Videogame. The creator must propose an arrangement Of tenets, however the player dependably has a ultimate choice ( frasca, 2001, p.13-14 )

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Jean piaget (1951) unbounded Rule-based 0-2 years 7+ years " Socialization " Kinaesthetic diversions 2-7 years Symbolic pretend " who won? "

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Saint-omer (1168) pilloried parcel (1386) Eyes out! Amsterdam (fifteenth century) Anomic and ruined exactly in light of the fact that Games have been torn from their natural spot At the heart of the group and perfectly Cordoned off ( Huizinga )

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What are the properties of an amusement? How would we associate with them as players? What is the relationship between play & work? The diversion The player The world

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amusements A free action standing intentionally Outside " common " life as being " not genuine " But rather in the meantime engrossing the player Intensely and totally … It continues inside its Own legitimate limits of time and space According to altered standards and in a precise Manner ( Huizinga, 1950, p.13 )

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The enchantment cricle " all play moves and has its being inside a Playground separated in advance Materially or in a perfect world, purposely or as per normal procedure … the field, the card-Table, the enchantment circle, the sanctuary, the stage, the screen, the tennis court, the Court of equity, and so forth … are all in structure and Function play-grounds, I.e., illegal Spots, detached, supported round, consecrated, Within which unique guidelines acquire. All are Temporary universes in inside the normal World, committed to the execution of A demonstration separated. " ( johan huizinga, 1955, HOMO LUDENS , p.10 )

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Ag ô n (rivalry) Alea (chance) Roger caillois (1958) LES JEUX ET LES HOMMES mimicry (recreation) ilinx (vertigo) IT IS A QUESTION OF SURRENDERING TO A KIND OF SPASM, SEIZURE, OR SHOCK WHICH DESTROYS REALITY WITH A SOVEREIGN BRUSQUENESS (P. 23)

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CONTINGENT COMBINATIONS chance vertigo Entranced by the subject of where the ball will Stop or what card will turn up (P. 73) essential COMBINATIONS chance rivalry Dominoes, Backgammon & card amusements

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0 X 0 X 0 ? X 0 X ? 0 X Game configuration = planning rules Number of individuals sort of associations progression of headway point framework amusement environment (board/field/level/world) X

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interface topic Procedures " things to do " segments " with apparatuses " environment Aki jarvinen (2003)

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Star wars chess

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parts Source of recognizable proof Provide challenges

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situations Boards/fields (static individual situations) 2) universes

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(aarseth, 2003) vagrant Omni-present topological geometrical

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subjects

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Jesper juul (2002) The open and the shut movement Discover (diversion as unchartered region) (LeBlank)

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Games do have something in like manner, that we Can discuss the fringes amongst recreations and What is not recreations, and that it bodes well to Look at PC amusements similar to the most recent Development in a past filled with recreations that traverses Millennia (Juul, 2003, P. 43)

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