Adjustment to Environmental Change and Maintainable Improvement: A Contextual investigation of Bangladesh.


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Taking into account past work done on evaluating helplessness of Bangladesh to environmental change sways ... For what environmental change-affected effects is Bangladesh generally defenseless? ...
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Adjustment to Climate Change and Sustainable Development: A Case investigation of Bangladesh Dr. Saleemul Huq Director Climate Change Program International Institute for Environment and Development, London, United Kingdom

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Bangladesh: Climate Change and Sustainable Development Study Carried out in 2000 by Bangladeshi and worldwide group Based on past work done on evaluating helplessness of Bangladesh to environmental change impacts Two environmental change and ocean level situations decided for 2030 and 2050

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Objectives of the study What are the normal atmosphere changes? What are the results for Bangladesh? For what environmental change-incited effects is Bangladesh generally helpless? By what means can the potential impacts of environmental change be considered into approach making, and what adjustment measures for Bangladesh are generally doable?

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Sectors picked Coastal assets Fresh Water assets Agriculture Human wellbeing Ecosystem and biodiversity

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Geography Most heights under 10m Climate Subject to extreme common debacles Population 1998 populace 126 million. High development rate and populace thickness Economy One of the world\'s poorest countries. 1999 GNP/capita: $370 Education Literacy rate of 53% Human Health Life hope: 58 years. 56% under 5 malnourished Factors Increasing Bangladesh\'s Vulnerability to Climate Change

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Geography Most rises under 10m Climate Subject to extreme regular calamities Population 1998 populace 126 million. High development rate and populace thickness Economy One of the world\'s poorest countries. 1999 GNP/capita: $370 Education Literacy rate of 53% Human Health Life hope: 58 years. 56% under 5 malnourished Factors Increasing Bangladesh\'s Vulnerability to Climate Change

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Year Sea Level Rise (cm) Temperature Increase (ºC) Precipitation Fluctuation Compared to 1990 (%) 2030 30 +0.7 in storm; +1.3 in winter - 3 in winter; + 11 in rainstorm 2050 50 +1.1 in storm; +1.8 in winter - 37 in winter; + 28 in storm Climate Change Scenarios

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Key Impacts and Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Increasing foundation seepage limit Some scaffolds and ducts are ineffectively composed. Water and street base needs upkeep Tidal bowls New idea: early results are promising Institutional Adaptations Proper O&M courses of action, including foundation of nearby water administration Poor institutional system. Neighborhood government should be included Design criteria for waste limit framework Poorly outlined and actualized. May be incapable in beach front zones Adaptation Measures to Mitigate Drainage Congestion in Coastal Areas

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Key Impacts and Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Resuscitation of waterway systems Could be significant in short-term, particularly in south-west Surface water stream from upstream e.g. by preoccupation or withdrawal from waterways Capital serious, however cross-dams could avert saline water interruption. Procedure ought to incorporate EIA/SIA Institutional Adaptations Operation of floodgates and controllers Poor existing administration Water sparing methods Not connected at most extreme limit. Could posture financial issues to ranchers Adaptation Measures to Mitigate Salinization in Coastal Areas

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Key Impacts and Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Mangrove greenbelts Started. Needs re-assessment and continuation Cross dams Needs-evaluation important for new dams. Antagonistic impacts somewhere else. Could be costly Institutional Adaptations Protection of mangroves and seaside wetlands Evaluation of exercises required, particularly with respect to amplifying social advantages Land residency laws Evaluation required Adaptation Measures to Improve Morphological Dynamics in Coastal Areas

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Key Impacts and Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Cyclone shields Already demonstrated. Exceedingly socially adequate Mangrove greenbelts Started. Needs assessment Institutional Adaptations Forecasting and spread Flood and twister estimating ought to be area particular Involvement of CBOs and volunteers Should proceed with Adaptation Measures for Disasters in Coastal Areas

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Key Risks and Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Increasing waste limit of framework Some scaffold and courses inadequately outlined. Water and street foundation needs support Storage Not assessed as far as reviving aquifers Institutional Adaptations Guidelines to fuse CC in long haul arranging Not existing Reduction of water interest Need better arrangements on extraction, paying for use, advancing productive use Adaptation Measures to Mitigate Reduced Freshwater Availability

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Key Risks and Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Sufficient street waste limit Poorly outlined and kept up framework Controlled sedimentation and Land-fills New ideas. Require all the more understanding Institutional Adaptations Improved seepage criteria foundation Not attempted yet Participatory administration of water assets base Needs satisfactory arrangement changes Adaptation Measures for Freshwater Drainage Congestion

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Key Risks and Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments River preparing and bank security Poorly done. Unreasonable, yet waterway bank assurance is high need Dredging of route channels Limited scope Institutional Adaptations Guidelines to fuse CC in long haul arranging Not existing Improved checking and conjecture of changes Needs limit upgrade Adaptation Measures to Morphological Dynamics for Freshwater Resources

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Key Risks and Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Elevated area as surge asylum or sustenance covers Practiced all through the nation Flood shelter territories e.g. Dhaka city itself Needs assessment Institutional Adaptations Improved surge cautioning and anticipating Proved successful. Needs more participation and to be area particular Evacuation of defenseless individuals and assets Limited limit exists. Excessive, particularly for the extremely poor Adaptation Measures to Increased Freshwater Flooding

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Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Improved water system proficiency Poor. Needs institutional bolster Crop expansion Efforts have met with restricted achievement Institutional Adaptations Training projects and dispersal Dissemination is poor. Exercises need upgrading Research and advancement of new (saltiness and dry spell safe) crops Research needs improving Adaptation Measures in Agriculture

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Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Physical adjustments Water treatment offices Low scope. Low quality. Needs growing Improved sanitation Coverage expanding Institutional Adaptations Surveillance and observing of conditions great for malady episode Unsatisfactory. Needs co-appointment with media to issue early notices Improve government funded training, particularly in conceptive wellbeing Coverage expanding. Quality needs change Adaptation Measures in Human Health

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Adaptation Measures Current State of Implementation & Requirements for Improvement Integrated biological community arranging and administration Not yet rehearsed. Proposed Coastal Zone Development Program could be a vehicle for this Management of secured zones and 14 environmentally basic territories Improved comprehension required Coastal greenbelt Recently began. Promising results Agro-ranger service advancement Ongoing projects need extension Adaptation Measures to Protect Ecosystems and Biodiversity

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Main effects of environmental change Drainage clogs because of higher ocean levels and flooding Reduced new water accessibility Disturbances to morphological procedures (predominantly in waterfront zone) Increased force of calamities (compelling occasions)

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Methodological Issues Addressed Choosing environmental change and ocean level ascent situations Modeling effects of picked environmental change situations on dry seasons, surges, twisters Identifying conceivable adjustments Prioritizing adjustment activities

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Process of study Analysis of environmental change impacts utilizing situations and models Identification of most helpless parts Identification of conceivable adjustment activities and measures in every segment Stakeholder–led prioritization of adjustment activities in every division Cross-sectoral linkages recognized and talked about with partners

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Key discoveries of the study Bangladesh confronts grave socio-biological dangers in the event that it neglects to adjust to environmental change Many of the dangers are progressive and hard to separate from foundation variability of atmosphere Coastal zones of the nation are extraordinarily at danger Adaptation to environmental change is in a general sense connected to feasible improvement endeavors of the nation

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Relevance to continuous approaches and projects National Water Policy and Water Management Plan Coastal Zone Management Program National Agriculture Development Plan National Biodiversity Action Plan Sustainable Environmental Management Program

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Impact on Policy creators 1 Sectoral level Water Resources Coastal Resources Biodiversity Agriculture Environment

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Impact on Policy producers 2 National Level Planning Finance Foreign Affairs Prime Minister\'s office

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Impacts on Policy creators 3 International COP 5, 6 and 7 LDC bunch Adaptation issues COP 8 (Delhi) .:tslidesep

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