Advances Quality in Professional School Counseling .

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Missouri Comprehensive Guidance Program. Missouri School Counselor Association. Promotes Quality in Professional School Counseling. Initial efforts to refocus guidance 1984 Comprehensive guidance reaffirmed with Outstanding Schools Act 1993. Manual revision 2002
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"Correlation of the Prospective Payment System Methodologies Currently Utilized in the United States" Toni Cade, MBA, RHIA, CCS, FAHIMA University of Louisiana at Lafayette

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Overview Some of the imminent installment frameworks secured will incorporate MS-DRGs, RBRVS, RUGs, APCs, CMGs, HHRGs, MS-LTC-DRGs, and IPF-PPS.

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Can you talk the language of Prospective Payment Systems? MS-LTC DRGs RBRVS MS-DRGs IRF-PAI HHRGs APCs CMGs RUGs IPF-PPS

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Each of the planned installment frameworks is special and very mind boggling. We are altogether tested to comprehend the utilization of these forthcoming installment frameworks.

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Reimbursement is based upon the: outsider payer human services setting or supplier coding framework utilized information set used encoder, grouper, and information passage programming utilized

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Third Party Payers Third gathering payers are elements or associations that compensation for a few or the greater part of the secured therapeutic costs. There are many types of medical coverage scope in the United States. Classifications of medical coverage include: Government arranges (i.e., Medicare, Medicaid, TRICARE, CHAMPVA) Commercial or private protection arranges (i.e, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Prudential, Aetna) Managed mind gets Workers\' remuneration arranges

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Sources of Third Party Payers U.S. Evaluation Bureau demonstrated that 84% of Americans had some kind of medical coverage and 16% had no health care coverage in the date-book year 2006

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Healthcare Setting or Providers are those people, establishments, offices and firms who are qualified to give administrations and supplies. Cases of suppliers include: hospitals of different types (i.e., intense care, recovery, psych, long haul, forte) skilled nursing offices middle of the road mind offices home wellbeing offices doctors independent indicative research centers autonomous offices giving x-beam administrations outpatient physical, word related, and discourse pathology administrations ambulance organizations chiropractors facilities giving kidney dialysis or transplant administrations rural facilities veterinary facilities

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The Coding System There are two essential coding frameworks used in repayment : ICD-9-CM CPT These and other coding frameworks are utilized for measurable purposes.

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The Data Sets Some of the imminent installment frameworks require the institutionalized accumulation of a center arrangement of basic information things which can be used for some reasons, for example, measuring tolerant results, surveying the nature of administrations, and measuring the adequacy of mediations and medicines. These information sets can likewise be utilized to shape the premise of repayment for the administrations gave.

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The Data Sets

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Encoder, Grouper, and Data Entry Software Encoder : a PC programming program intended to help coders in appointing suitable clinical codes to words and expressions communicated in regular human dialect. There are two sorts of encoders: Logic-based : prompts the client through an assortment of inquiries and the decisions are based upon the clinical wording entered Automated codebook : prompts screen sees that take after the genuine organization of the coding book

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Grouper: a PC programming program that applies proper rationale to relegate a specific installment bunch (i.e, MS-DRG, APC) as indicated by the data accommodated that scene of care .

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Data Entry Software Data section programming: automated information passage programming might be required for the foundation of a database and for motivations behind transmission of information.

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Data Entry Software

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Why imminent installment? Advancement of forthcoming installment frameworks was commanded by elected law for Medicare repayment Current review installment frameworks were not compelling in controlling expenses or in controlling government consumptions for Medicare recipients

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Retrospective Payment Systems Reimbursement is set up after the medicinal services administrations are rendered and the expenses are acquired Increases in the length of stay means expanded charges on the separated bill and in this manner an expansion in the repayment Increases in the administrations rendered implies expanded charges on the ordered bill and subsequently an increment in the repayment

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Prospective Payment Systems Reimbursement is built up before the human services administrations are rendered and monies are used Reimbursement is based upon a particular planned installment framework approach The length of stay and administrations rendered will bring about expanded charges on the organized bill, however won\'t really bring about an expansion in the repayment

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MS-DRG FACT SHEET Reimbursement to (Provider): Acute Care, Short Term Hospitals MS-DRG remains for: Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Group Reimbursement for: Medicare and TRICARE Inpatients Coding System Used: ICD-9-CM Effective Dates for Original DRGs: October 1, 1983 for Medicare Inpatients October 1, 1987 for TRICARE Inpatients Effective Date for MS-DRGs: October 1, 2007 Number of MS-DRGs: around 745

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MS-DRG ASSIGNMENT Diagnoses and real strategies are coded utilizing ICD-9-CM codes. Case is sorted into a MDC (Major Diagnostic Category), which are separated by body frameworks. Case might be further separated into surgical versus medicinal parceling. Case might be part into one of three choices: -with MCC, with CC, and w/o CC/MCC -with MCC and w/o MCC -with CC/MCC and w/o CC/MCC Each MS-DRG has a CMS "relative weight" and when increased by the "clinic\'s particular rate", the repayment is inferred.

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MS-DRGs with three subgroups (MCC, CC, and non-CC); alluded to as "with MCC", "with CC", and "w/o CC/MCC) MS-DRG 682 Renal Failure w MCC MS-DRG 683 Renal Failure w CC MS-DRG 684 Renal Failure w/o CC/MCC

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MS-DRGs with two subgroups (MCC and CC/non-CC); alluded to as "with MCC" and "without MCC" MS-DRG 725 Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy w MCC MS-DRG 726 Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy w/o MCC

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MS-DRGs with two subgroups (non CC and CC/MCC); alluded to as "with CC/MCC" and "without CC/MCC" MS-DRG 294 Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis w CC/MCC MS-DRG 295 Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis w/o CC/MCC

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RBRVS FACT SHEET RBRVS remains for: Resource Based Relative Value System Reimbursement to (Provider): Physicians Reimbursement for: Medicare Patients Coding System Used: HCPCS/CPT Effective Date: January 1, 1982 Number of RBRVSs: each CPT and HCPCS code has an installment sum (thousands)

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RBRVS ASSIGNMENT Each administration and methodology is coded utilizing the HCPCS/CPT codes. Each HCPCS/CPT code has RVUs (relative esteem units) for the doctor\'s work, hone cost, and misbehavior. Each RVU is balanced by a GPCI (geological practice cost lists). The aggregate of the balanced RVUs is increased by a change component which constitutes the Medicare charge plan sum. The doctor is repaid the lower of the Medicare expense plan sum or the genuine charges.

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ASC FACT SHEET ASC remains for: Ambulatory Surgery Center Reimbursement to (Provider): Free-Standing Surgery Centers Reimbursement for: Medicare Ambulatory Surgery Coding System Used: HCPCS/CPT Effective Date: January 1, 1997 Number of ASCs: Originally just 9 bunches, powerful January 1, 2008 there were a few hundred installment bunches (APCs)

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ASC ASSIGNMENT Ambulatory surgery is coded utilizing CPT codes. The CPT code ought to show up on the affirmed rundown of ASC methodology. Each CPT code is ordered into one of a few hundred installment bunches. Every installment amass has an installment rate.

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RUG FACT SHEET RUG remains for: Resource Utilization Group Reimbursement to (Provider): Skilled Nursing Facilities Reimbursement for: Medicare Inpatients Coding System Used: ICD-9-CM Effective Date: July 1, 1998 Number of RUGs: 53

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RUG ASSIGNMENT This case blend installment framework uses data from the MDS (Minimum Data Set). The patient is grouped into 1 of 7 noteworthy classes relying upon the patient sort (recovery, broad administrations, uncommon care, clinically perplexing, weakened insight, conduct issues, and lessened physical capacity). Each of these 7 classes is further separated to yield 53 particular patient gatherings utilized for installment. Each of the 53 RUGs has a routine set of expenses rate.

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APC FACT SHEET APC remains for: Ambulatory Payment Classification Reimbursement to (Provider): Hospitals Reimbursement for: Medicare Outpatients Coding System Used: HCPCS/CPT Effective Date: August 1, 2000 Number of APCs: around 850

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APC ASSIGNMENT All administrations (major and minor) are coded utilizing HCPCS/CPT codes. Each HCPCS/CPT code is assembled to an APC. There can be a wide range of APCs. Every APC has a Medicare installment sum and a recipient coinsurance sum. The supplier gets the total of these dollar sums as repayment for every APC.

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CMG FACT SHEET CMG remains for: Case Mix Group Reimbursement to (Provider): Rehabilitation Hospitals and Units Reimbursement for: Medicare Inpatients Coding System Used: ICD-9-CM Effective Date: January 1, 2002 Number of CMGs: 92

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CMG ASSIGNMENT This imminent installment framework utilizes data from the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility-Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI). Patients are ordered into unmistakable Case Mix Groups (CMGs) based upon clinical attributes and expected asset needs. The CMGs were built utilizing recovery disability classes, useful status (both engine and psychological), age, comorbidities, and different variables. Each CMG has an alternate installment sum.

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HHRG FACT SHEET HHRG remains for: Home Health Resource Group Reimbursement to (Provider): Home Health Agencies Reimbursement for: Medicare Patients Coding Sy

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