African American Civil Rights Movement .

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Study Guide Identifications. Case and Lobbying effortsBrown v. Leading group of Education, Topeka, KSJim Crow and Jane CrowCivil Disobedience and Direct ActionEmmet TillMontgomery Bus Boycott, Greensboro Sit in, Children\'s CrusadeBlack Panthers, Malcolm X. Study Guide Questions. What were two periods of the African American Civil Rights Movement?What systems were utilized as a part of the battle for common ri
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African American Civil Rights Movement Events and change developments went for nullifying private and open demonstrations of racial segregation

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Study Guide Identifications Litigation and Lobbying endeavors Brown v. Leading body of Education, Topeka, KS Jim Crow and Jane Crow Civil Disobedience and Direct Action Emmet Till Montgomery Bus Boycott, Greensboro Sit in, Children\'s Crusade Black Panthers, Malcolm X

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Study Guide Questions What were two periods of the African American Civil Rights Movement? What systems were utilized as a part of the battle for social liberties? What were cases of Civil Rights Legislation and strategies used to guarantee new laws were authorized? Why is the Civil Rights Movement alluded to by a few history specialists as the Second Reconstruction?

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Prior to 1955 The Civil Rights Movement preceding 1955 stood up to oppression African Americans with an assortment of procedures. These included prosecution and campaigning endeavors by customary associations, for example, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The most noteworthy accomplishment of these endeavors was the legitimate triumph in Brown v. Leading body of Education (1954), made isolation legitimately impermissible, however gave couple of down to earth cures.

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Jim Crow Required or allowed demonstrations of victimization African Americans fell for the most part into four classes: (1) racial isolation – maintained by the United States Supreme Court choice in Plessey v. Ferguson in 1896 - which was lawfully commanded by southern states and by numerous nearby governments outside the south (2) voter concealment or disfranchisement in the southern states; (3) foreswearing of financial open door or assets across the nation (4) private demonstrations of savagery and mass racial viciousness went for African Americans, which were regularly empowered and sometimes upset by government powers. The blend in the southern conditions of unmistakably racial laws, open and private demonstrations of segregation, negligible monetary open door, and racial viciousness got to be distinctly known as "Jim Crow".

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Post Civil War White executed mobs eventually threatened and slaughtered 1,000\'s of African Americans Shady Grove, Louisiana: 200 blacks dead Cross Plains Alabama: White educator & 6 dark understudies lynched Texas: 1865 – 1868 2,225 offenses and 500 homicides against blacks 1882 – 1937 3,700 blacks lynched in America Memphis Riots May 1 – 3, 1866 46 blacks murdered, 70 injured 5 ladies assaulted 4 places of worship, 12 schools, 91 homes demolished in dark group

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1900\'s Violence proceeded with Riots proceeded with 1917-1921 Vicksburg, MS February 13, 1904 Guilty for being Luther Hubert\'s better half (He was blamed for slaughtering a white man) She was attached to a tree, hacked her fingers off, jabbed out an eyeball with a stick, embedded a substantial corkscrew into their bodies and "detached enormous bits of crude, shuddering tissue" St. Louis IL, 1917 2 days left 150 blacks dead Georgia 1918 obscure dark man killed a white rancher 11 blacks killed Woman who challenged the honesty of her better half was attached to a tree from her lower legs, poured petrol on her attire, smoldered her to death. In the process her 8 mo. Old infant was conceived and kicked forward and backward by the crowd.

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Rationalization of dread Southern whites guaranteed that the purpose behind all the bloodletting was straightforward: dark men were creatures whose sexual drive has been unleashed by liberation and the bogus thought of racial uniformity. White ladies in this way should have been secured by the respectable children of the alliance from the voracious desire of freedmen. One safeguard of lynching announced in 1918, "As the world is to be made safe for majority rules system, so should the south to be made free for white ladies."

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Violence through WWII 1921, Tulsa, Ok. Following 3 days of revolting, 200 blacks dead Riots proceeded while white powers incapacitated African Americans and dark neighborhoods Allowed equipped whites to keep threatening

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Phases of Civil Rights 2 nd Reconstruction 1954 and 1968: Litigation & campaigning endeavors Crowning accomplishment Brown Vs. the Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954) upset Plessey Vs. Ferguson (1896) 1966 to 1975, Black Power Movement extended and progressively obscured the points of the Civil Rights Movement to incorporate racial nobility, financial and political independence, and flexibility from white power.

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Civil Riots Pre-1955 Strategies to battle separation Litigation & campaigning endeavors Brown Vs. Leading group of Education of Topeka, 1954 Overturned discrete however measure up to built up by Plessey Vs. Ferguson Failure of Change through legitimate means Direct Action + Non-savage Resistance = Civil Disobedience Created emergency circumstance of which the administration needed to react Boycotts, sit-ins, Marches, Freedom Rides

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1954-1968 Civil Rights Civil Disobedience Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) in Alabama Greensboro sit-in (1960) in North Carolina; Selma to Montgomery walks (1965) in Alabama. Remarkable accomplishments: Civil Rights Act of 1957 Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned segregation in business practices and open facilities Voting Rights Act of 1965 reestablished voting rights Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965 drastically changed U.S. movement arrangement Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned separation in the deal or rental of lodging.

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Domestic Terrorism Murders of African Americans regular & no lawful insurance or plan of action Emmett Till, 1955 Beaten & killed "for shrieking at a white lady" Open coffin, 50,000 saw Murderer\'s vindicated by an all white male jury, later admitted & stayed free Galvanized feeling in the north

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Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-56 Rosa Parks December 1, 1955 drove the blacklist Refused to surrender her seat Arrested, attempted, indicted for messy direct & abusing a nearby law 50 social liberties pioneers composed blacklist 382 days Local mandate setting up isolation lifted Martin Luther King Jr. rose to national consideration

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Desegregating Little Rock, 1957 Supreme Court, Brown Vs. Leading group of Education 9 understudies sued to go to a coordinated school Governor of Arkansas Orval Faubus got out National Guard to keep the understudies from going to President Eisenhower federalized the National Guard and sent 101 st Airborne division to ensure the understudies Due to proceeding with provocation just Ernest Greet graduated, the school close down as opposed to incorporate further

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Greensboro Sit In Greensboro, North Carolina; Nashville, Tennessee; Atlanta Georgia Sit Ins at lunch counters to dissent those foundations refusal to integrate Technique utilized as a part of the mid-west in the 1940s by the Congress of Racial Equality Success prompted to understudy crusades all through the south in each open place When Arrested made a "Correctional facility no Bail" Pledge to point out their cause and to put monetary weight of prison space and sustenance on guards

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Mississippi, 1962 Robert Moses sorted out The Council of Federated Organizations (SNCC, NAACP, Committee On Racial Equality) to address the most unsafe of every single southern state Medgar Evers Door-to-Door voter training ventures in rustic Mississippi & to enroll understudies killed in drive way soon thereafter

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Freedom Riders Anniston, Alabama transport was firebombed, constraining its travelers to escape for their lives. Birmingham, Al. FBI witness reported that Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor had energized the Ku Klux Klan to assault an approaching gathering of flexibility riders "until it resembled a bulldog had took a few to get back some composure of them," the riders were extremely beaten. Montgomery, AL. a swarm charged another transport heap of riders, thumping John Lewis oblivious with a container crushed Life picture taker Don Urbrock in the face with his own camera. Twelve men encompassed Jim Zwerg, a white understudy from Fisk University, and beat him in the face with a bag, thumping out his teeth.

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Desegregating Univ. of Miss. Clyde Kennard, 1960 Univ. of Southern Mississippi Racial fomenter Convicted of wrongdoing he didn\'t confer – 7 yr sentence, 3 yrs served James Meredith, 1962 Won claim Governor Ross Barnett banned from entering "no school will be coordinated in Mississippi while I am your Governor". U.S. Marshall\'s escorted Meredith on Campus Whites revolted: 2 killed, 28 Marshals shot, 160 others harmed Kennedy sent in armed force to suppress uprising Meredith started classes following day

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Children\'s Crusade 1963, SCLC, make Crisis to unsettle for integration "Letter from Birmingham" "Youngsters\' Crusade" High School understudies joined showings 2 nd day Bull Connor: Police pooches, discharged hoses (isolate mortar from blocks) broadcast Kennedy compelled to mediate between white business group and SCLC May 10, consent to integrate open spots

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March for Jobs & Freedom August 28, 1963 2 nd March Led by Randolph and Bayard Rustin social equality, work and liberal associations joined Goals Meaningful social liberties laws (Civil Rights Bill) Massive Federal Works Programs Full and Fair work Decent lodging The vote Adequate incorporated training King with a crowd of people of 200,000 "I have A Dream"

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John Lewis We walk today for occupations and flexibility, yet we don\'t have anything to be glad for, for a large number of our siblings are not here—for they have no cash for their transportation, for they are getting starvation compensation… or no wages by any stretch of the imagination. In great still, small voice, we can\'t bolster the organization\'s social liberties charge. This bill won\'t shield youthful youngsters and old ladies from police pooches and fire hoses when taking part in tranquil showings. This bill won\'t secure the subjects of Danville, Virginia, who should live in steady dread in a police state. This

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