AH1011: AUGUSTUS: THE Principal Head.


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AH1011: AUGUSTUS: THE Primary Sovereign Principle characters C. Octavius = C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus M. Tullius Cicero C. Cassius Longinus M. Iunius Brutus Marcus Antonius M. Aemilius Lepidus Cleopatra VII Sextus Pompeius M. Vipsanius Agrippa Sequence of the occasions 44 BC: Caesar's beneficiary
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AH1011: AUGUSTUS: THE FIRST EMPEROR

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Main characters C. Octavius = C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus M. Tullius Cicero C. Cassius Longinus M. Iunius Brutus Marcus Antonius M. Aemilius Lepidus Cleopatra VII Sextus Pompeius M. Vipsanius Agrippa

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Chronology of the occasions 44 BC: Caesarâ\'s beneficiary 43 BC: The Second triumvirate (43 BC): Octavius-Antony-Lepidus. Bans. Demise of Cicero 42 BC: The Civil Wars (skirmish of Philippi) 40 BC : Treaty of Brundisium between the Triumvirs: Octavian gets the West, Antony the East, Lepidus Africa. 38 BC: Octavian battles with Sextus Pompey and loses his armadas in tempests; separations Scribonia upon the conception of Julia and weds Livia. The Triumvirate\'s command runs out.

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Chronology of the occasions 37 BC: Triumvirate restored (5 years). Agrippa trains another armada. Antony weds Cleopatra and begins his tragic Parthian Campaign. 36 BC: Octavian routs Sextus Pompey at Naulochus in Sicily; Lepidus endeavors to assume control Sicily yet loses his armed force and is sent into outcast. East and West are currently in complete control of two men. 34 BC: Antony breaks with Rome and Octavian. He separates Octavia. Antony partitions Rome\'s eastern realm among Cleopatra\'s kids and proclaims Caesarion Caesar’s legitimate beneficiary.

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Chronology of the occasions 32 BC: Octavian peruses Antony\'s will in the Senate. The sentate proclaims war on Egypt and Cleopatra. 31 BC: Octavian and Agrippa successful over antony and Cleopatra at Actium. 30 BC: clash of Alexandria. Passing of Antony and Cleopatra. 29 BC: Octavian praises triumph in Rome 27 BC: O ctavian "hands the Republic back to the people" and consequently gets the title Augustus and a huge proconsular territory including Spain, Gaul, Syria and Egypt.

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Chronology of the occasions 23 BC, June: Augustus gets the imperium maius , and tribunicia potestas which gives him wide 20 BC: Augustus recoups norms caught by the Parthians in three wars against Rome. 12 BC: passing of Agrippa. Augustus pontifex maximus AD 4: Tiberius received by Augustus; Germanicus embraced by Tiberius AD 9, Summer: P. Quinctilius Varus and his three armies are slaughtered by the Germans in the Teutoburger Wald. Advertisement 13, April 3: Augustus composes his will. Advertisement 14: Augustus kicks the bucket.

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Caesarâ\'s beneficiary Octavian: C. Octavius, divi filius , Augustus Son of a novus homo Adopted nephew of Julius Caesar Heir Served with Caesar in Spain in 45 B.C.

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Augustus’ Mausoleum

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Res gestae Divi Augusti, Monumentum Ancyranum, Ankara (Turkey)

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Res gestae: Modern propagation, Rome, Ara Pacis

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Res Gestae 1, 2, 1: Octavian’s rising “At the age of nineteen, all alone activity and at my own cost, I raised an armed force by method for which I freed the Republic, which was abused by the oppression of a group . For which reason the senate , with honorific pronouncements, made me an individual from its request in the consulship of Gaius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius (43 BC), giving me in the meantime consular rank in voting , and conceded me the imperium . It requested me as propraetor , together with the diplomats, to see to it that the state endured no damage. In addition, around the same time, when both emissaries had fallen in the war, the general population chose me representative and a triumvir for the Common\'s settlement riches. The individuals who killed my dad I crashed into outcast, avenging their wrongdoing by due procedure of law; and a short time later when they battled against the state, I vanquished them twice on the combat zone. I pursued numerous wars all through the entire world via land and via ocean, both common and foreign.”

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Cicero, Philippicae 5, 17, 46 “Whereas Gaius Caesar child of Gaius, pontifex, propraetor, at a genuine emergency of the state has urged the veteran troopers to shield the Roman\'s freedom individuals , and has selected them; and though the Martian and Fourth Legions, with the most extreme energy and the most praiseworthy unanimity in serving the state, under the actuation and authority of Gaius Caesar, are safeguarding and have protected the state and the Roman\'s freedom individuals ; and while Gaius Caesar, propraetor, has with an armed force set out for the territory\'s alleviation of Gaul, has brought under his own compliance and that of the Roman individuals rangers, toxophilite, and elephants, and has at a most troublesome emergency of the state provide to the with some timely help of the security and pride of the Roman individuals, in this way thus it is the senate\'s joy that Gaius Caesar child of Gaius, pontifex, proprietor, should be a congressperson and might express his feeling on the praetorian benches.”

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Cicero, Letters (somewhere around 44 and 43 ) Cicero to Atticus (Ad Att. 14.10) Apr. 19, 44 B.C. ....Octavius came to Naples on April 18...[and it is accounted for that] he will acknowledge his legacy. However, as you compose, that will be an incredible squabble with Antony!... Cicero to Atticus (Ad Att. 15.2) Jun. 9/10, 44 B.C. ....In Octavian, as I have seen obviously, there is sufficient intrinsic [ability], enough soul; and he appears, towards our "heroes" to be as great as we would wish. Be that as it may, the amount we must trust his age, his name, his legacy, his bringing up—this is an awesome subject for arranging. His dad in-law thinks [that Octavian is to be trusted] not at all....But by and by, he must be sustained, and, if nothing else, from Antony disengaged....

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Brutus to Atticus (Ad Brut. 17) early June, 43 B.C. “You keep in touch with me that Cicero wonders, on the grounds that I absolutely never demonstrate endorsement of his deeds: since you request it of me, Under your impulse I might compose what I feel…I don\'t realize what to keep in touch with you aside from this one thing: the kid\'s insatiability and Lawlessness have preferably been energized than stifled by Cicero, and he has given over to him such an awesome measure of liberality, that he can\'t limit himself from pernicious remarks.... He gloats to me that he has managed war against Antony while he himself was in regular citizen attire, our Cicero does: however what great is this to me, if the prize requested for Antony\'s Suppression is somebody\'s progression to Antony\'s place , and if the vindicator of that underhanded stands forward the instigator of another having a foundation”

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Brutus to Atticus (Ad Brut. 17) early June, 43 B.C. what\'s more, roots which are more profound? It is safe to say that we are so to endure it, in light of the fact that these things which he now does are in trepidation of control or [because they are in fear] of a dominator or [because they are in fear] of Antony? I myself however have no appreciation for a man who, while not serve an infuriated [dominator], does not deplore the matter [of domination] itself....Let Octavius consequently call Cicero "father,“ allude all things to him, express gratitude toward him; in any case this will get to be evident: his words are as opposed to what he is truly doing....For what is it to our reason that Antony is vanquished, in the event that he has been vanquished so that which he held untruths open for another?.... I Myself certainly...will take up arms against the thing itself, that is against sovereignty and exceptional preeminent orders and control and force which would wish itself to be over the laws....

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Treaty of Brundisium, 40 BC

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Actium: Suetonius’ Life of Augustus, 17 At last he severed his union with Marcus Antonius, which was constantly far fetched and unverifiable, and with trouble kept alive by different compromises; and the better to demonstrate that his adversary had fallen far from behavior turning into a native, he had the will which Antonius had left in Rome, naming his kids by Cleopatra among his beneficiaries, opened and read before the general population. In any case, when Antonius was proclaimed an open enemy… Not long a while later [31 B.C.] he won the ocean battle at Actium, where the challenge proceeded to so late an hour that the victor passed the night on board. - and afterward went to Egypt by an indirect route through Asia and Syria,…

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Actium: Suetonius’ Life of Augustus, 17 laid attack to Alexandria, where Antonius had brought asylum with Cleopatra, and soon took the city. In spite of the fact that Antonius attempted to make terms at the eleventh hour, Augustus constrained him to submit suicide, and saw his body. He enormously craved to spare Cleopatra alive for his triumph, and even had Psylli conveyed to her, to suck the toxic substance from her injury, since it was felt that she kicked the bucket from the chomp of an asp.He permitted them both the honor of entombment, and in the same tomb, giving requests that the sepulcher which they had started ought to be done. The youthful Antonius, the senior of Fulvia\'s two children, he dragged from the picture of the Deified Julius, to which he had fled after numerous vain pleas, and slew him. Caesarion, as well, whom Cleopatra fathered on Caesar, he overwhelmed in his flight, brought back, and put to death. Be that as it may, he saved whatever remains of the posterity of Antonius and Cleopatra, and a while later kept up and raised them as per their few positions, as painstakingly as though they were his own family.

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Tacitus, Annals 1, 9, On Augustus’ deeds and respects Then took after much discuss Augustus himself, and numerous communicated an Idle ponder that that day denoted the start of his suspicion of domain and the end of his life, and, once more, that he had finished his days at Nola in the same house and room as his dad Octavius. Individuals praised too the quantity of his consulships, …the continuation for thirty-seven years of the tribunitian power, the title of Imperator twenty-one times earned, and his different respects which had either much of the time rehashed or were entirely new. Sensible men, in any case, talked differently of his existence with commendation and blame. Some said "that loyal feeling towards a father, and the State\'s necessities in which laws had then no

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