Algorithmic Economical Outline: The Eventual fate of Structural Hypothesis..

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A structural planning that spotlights on human sentiments and brain science. Building design concerned ... The Arab/Islamic world saw this, and has never excused the West ...
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Algorithmic Sustainable Design: The Future of Architectural Theory. Nikos A. Salingaros University of Texas at San Antonio

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Lecture 8 A. Emanant frameworks. B. Case from fake life. C. Barbaric examinations. D. Building training.

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Preamble Notice that present compositional instruction and practice are inverse to the strategy displayed in my addresses But settled framework is not essential with regular and natural frameworks If we need manageability, my addresses give the most supportive bearing

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A. Rising frameworks I now apply frameworks hypothesis to clarify a few marvels of human culture Systems grow new qualities not present in the underlying sources of info — an occurrence of development An arrangement of convictions develops after some time, and in the long run assumes control over a general public Social disease spreads another standard

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Power as a rising wonder Ideology and flawed convictions lead to the rise of a force structure System develops in quality and confines itself from whatever is left of the world Becomes increasingly isolated Periodic "change" sustains power structure — an organized double dealing

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George Orwell\'s novel " 1984 " The past is deleted — individuals are compelled to live in the present Power is communicated by exacting torment Reality is characterized just by the framework There is no other truth to turn towards Totalitarian framework re-composes history

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"another" custom rises Movement in view of thoughts transforms into an institutional force base Irrational thoughts are changed into set up (levelheaded!) hone Henceforth, the framework\'s objective is basically to propagate the current force structure by any accessible means

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Educational framework disregards biophilia and adaptivity System of building training concentrates upon dynamic structures Style-based configuration is segregated from organic needs and from nature Design is disengaged from profound needs There is no honesty with mankind

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Main objectives for engineering instruction Should be to raise individuals\' attention to the impacts of the manufactured environment To assume liability for one\'s outlines To concentrate on prosperity of tenants Not just to think of novel shapes Not to wind up careless pawns of a manipulative force framework

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B. Manufactured life Innocent angle : pixels on a PC screen move around and eat each other up — just an amusement Alarming perspective : the two-path change between living creatures and machines — to a great degree genuine This last procedure has re-formed humankind in the twentieth Century

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Relationship amongst machines and living creatures Two conceivable approaches to go: 1. UP — make machines impersonate abilities of living creatures 2. DOWN — lessen living creatures to the attributes of machines Going DOWN decides the type of the twentieth Century\'s assembled surroundings

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From living being to machine

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Going UP — upgrade machines Computers improve our abilities Great accomplishments in apply autonomy: Rodney Brooks\' Mars Explorer Industrial robots can work in fragile, hazardous, or dreary conditions Military robots spare lives — more nonessential than people

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Going UP (cont.) Add increasingly clever qualities to machines, so they can emulate human capacities Increase their keen systems Increase their ability to process data Increase self-sufficient activity capacity

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Going DOWN — diminish creatures Advertising indoctrinates individuals (Le Corbusier was a publicizing pioneer!) Manipulate individuals as latent elements Transforms people into mechanical shoppers of modern items Brainwash people to go about as suicide planes — extra creatures

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Going DOWN (cont.) Remove increasingly astute qualities from people, until they start to act like machines Decrease discerning components Decrease limit for handling data Decrease independent activity ability

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Industrialization of creatures Beings turn into a modern item Battery-raised chickens pass every one of their lives packed together in abominable conditions Bred with development hormones and hereditarily adjusted — made into unnatural beasts Laboratory creatures utilized as a part of barbarous and harsh examinations

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Industrialization of individuals Mass generation driven by velocity, volume, proficiency, cost, main concern Uses specialists as machines, or as straightforward pinions in a creation machine Reduces the intricate humankind of individuals to a solitary unthinking capacity

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Contemporary patterns French-Canadian thinker and writer Ollivier Dyens investigates the converging of people with machines — in his book " Metal and Flesh ", MIT Press, Cambridge, 2001 Major pattern hidden all our way of life More DOWN than UP

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" Metal and Flesh "

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Artificial life Was accomplished in the twentieth Century — inverse of what was normal! — not the rise of machines to the level of people, or even creatures Instead, the decrease of creatures and individuals to the level of machines

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Social designing Creates beasts from living creatures Manipulates their hereditary data to make unnatural new types of life Seeks to essentially re-shape life frames so they advantage mechanical generation and utilization Aims to fit life into a machine world

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Three levels of being human 3. The otherworldly person 2. The natural person 1. The dynamic (mechanical) person Most finish, most satisfying presence travels through each of the three levels Contemporary engineering and urbanism act entirely on level 1 — incorrectly named "discernment"

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" Biophilic Design " N.S. & Kenneth Masden: " Neuroscience, the Natural Environment, and Building Design " — Chapter 5 of " Biophilic Design: The Theory, Science, and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life ", Stephen Kellert, Judith Heerwagen & Martin Mador, Editors, Wiley, New York, 2008

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" Biophilic Design "

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Biophilic design regards human levels 2 and 3 A design that spotlights on human emotions and brain research Architecture concerned principally with human science and sensitivities Design that never forces any formal thoughts without testing their belongings Design that rejects social building

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Architects and industrialization Architects acknowledge the "machine tasteful" and its unnatural structures Architects are among the most energetic supporters of innovative answers for the assembled environment But they don\'t see when certain uses of innovation lessen individuals to machines

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Utopia gets to be oppressed world H opeful long for perfect world changed into the bad dream of tragic despondency Already perceived by sci-fi writers, yet not yet by rationalists Culture of engineering sadness in the skyscraper ghettos of the French cit és and tragic urban locales the world over

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C. Barbaric investigations When individuals are debased to machines, monstrous activities get to be conceivable, and even achievable Dominant thought of "advancement" gets mistook for brutal interests But this is not genuine science, since it doesn\'t take after the logical technique

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Human examinations today Carefully managed by government First experimented with on lab creatures Only delayed consequences are surely knew to be sheltered, then attempted on volunteer human subjects, not constrained on individuals If there are any undeniable contrary signs, the analysis is ceased

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Control gathering is extra check Experiments on people are constantly completed with a control assemble Continuously contrast condition of subjects and those in the control bunch If any antagonistic factual impact is found when contrasted with the control bunch, trial is ended

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Inhuman analyses Those that overlook set up checks Masquerade as "exploratory enquiry" Unconcerned with destiny of the subjects Experimenter pronounces honorable goal: " to take care of the issues of mankind " Most frequently, tests are done with separation and lack of concern

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Double standard for human examinations The therapeutic business is held to strict norms for human experimentation But modelers and urbanists try openly on a large number of people with no controls or supervision Even with gigantic proof, harmful typologies keep on being advertised

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Le Corbusier Pseudonym of Charles-É douard Jeanneret-Gris Designed cruel situations for a huge number of people while never considering their consequences for inhabitants Very imaginative in proposing far-going thoughts for building and city structure

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Absolute confidence Le Corbusier was persuaded of the total truth and good estimation of his own motivation Never scrutinized the accuracy of his plans, however regarded them as uncovered knowledge ( religious assumption ) Le Corbusier\'s thoughts were never tried But they are connected more than once!

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Le Corbusier\'s focuses 1. Design of the even ( address 2 ) 2. Repulsive force uneasiness ( address 2 ) 3. Overhanging pieces ( address 2 ) 4. Level or tilted plane roofs and rooftops 5. Randomization of structural structures 6. Harsh outside materials for indoor surfaces — brutalist concrete

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Le Corbusier\'s focuses (cont.) 7. Preclude trimming (taken from A. Loos) 8. Expel mind boggling and regular hues 9. Power individuals into tall structures 10. Disengage families from nature 11. Detach kids from the earth 12. Crush urban space by gigantism 13. Eradicate the human size of roads

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Inhuman engineering Le Corbusier imagined a vocabulary of structures, all of which incite uneasiness Used as standard configuration typologies Their splendid viability and consistency can\'t be incidental Le Corbusier characterized a "sane" world based upon mental nervousness

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