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Configuring and Managing Windows XP File Systems.


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Configuring and Managing Windows XP File Systems ICS-023 Lab 4 Objectives It is important that you understand how file systems work so that you can select the file system or file systems that are best suited for your environment and tasks.
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Arranging and Managing Windows XP File Systems ICS-023 Lab 4

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Objectives It is essential that you see how record frameworks function so you can choose the document framework or record frameworks that are most appropriate for your surroundings and errands. You ought to likewise know how to oversee documents and organizers and secure secret and private records. In the wake of finishing this module, you will have the capacity to: Describe the contrasts between the different records frameworks that are upheld by Windows XP Professional. Pack information on a NTFS volume and oversee compacted documents. Encode and decode information on a NTFS volume. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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File System A document framework is the structure in which records are named, put away, and got to. Microsoftâ® Windowsâ® XP Professional backings three sorts of record frameworks on hard plates: FAT (File Allocation Table) FAT32 NTFS document framework ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Working with File Systems When picking a FAT, FAT32, or NTFS record framework, we must consider the elements and capacities that are connected with that record framework. We should likewise consider confinements, for example, greatest volume size, group size, document size, and similarity with other working frameworks. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Working with File Systems For Windows XP, NTFS is the favored record framework. NTFS bolsters important usefulness, for example, record pressure, a larger amount of security , and arranging of substantial volume sizes for similarity with the most recent circle innovation. You can without much of a stretch proselyte volumes from FAT or FAT32 to NTFS when moving up to Windows XP. Critical: After you have changed over a volume to NTFS, you can't change over back to FAT or FAT32 without reformatting the volume. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using FAT or FAT32 FAT is the record framework that is utilized by Microsoft MS-DOS® and ensuing forms of Windows. FAT32 was presented with Microsoft Windows 95. Windows XP underpins both FAT and FAT32. The real contrasts in the middle of FAT and FAT32 are: Volume size. Group size. Bolstered working frameworks. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using FAT or FAT32 FAT works best on little plates with straightforward envelope structures. FAT32 functions admirably on bigger circles with more unpredictable envelope structures. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using FAT or FAT32 Operating frameworks can get to just the volumes that are arranged with a document framework that the working framework bolsters. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS is a record framework that is accessible on Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP Professional. It is not accessible on different renditions of Windows working frameworks. NTFS gives execution and elements that are not found in either FAT or FAT32. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS gives: Reliability NTFS uses log record and checkpoint data to restore the document's consistency framework when the PC is restarted. In the case of an awful area lapse, NTFS progressively remaps the bunch containing the terrible segment and dispenses another group for the information. NTFS likewise denote the group as awful and does not utilize it later on. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS Greater security NTFS uses Encrypting File System (EFS) to secure record and organizers. Advantages of encryption are information privacy and honesty which can secure information against noxious or inadvertent alteration. NTFS permits us to set access limitations on individual records and envelopes. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS Improved administration of capacity development NTFS underpins the utilization of plate standards which empower us to indicate the measure of circle space accessible to any client. We can arrange Windows XP to log an occasion if a client surpasses the predetermined cautioning level or amount limit. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS Support for bigger volume sizes Theoretically, we can design a volume of upto 32 exabytes size. NTFS underpins bigger documents and bigger no. of documents per volume. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Using NTFS Windows XP offers two investigating devices that are intended to get entrance to NTFS volumes: Safe mode . In this mode, Windows XP begins by stacking just the essential arrangement of gadget drivers and framework administrations. Recuperation Console . This is a unique charge line environment that empowers you to duplicate framework records from the working framework CD, fix plate lapses, and generally investigate framework issues without introducing a second duplicate of the working framework. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Selecting a File System When picking the suitable document framework to utilize, you have to focus: If the PC has a solitary working framework or is a various boot framework. On PCs that contain various working frameworks, record framework similarity can be mind boggling on the grounds that distinctive variants of Windows backing diverse mixes of document frameworks. The number and size of privately introduced hard plates. Every document framework has an alternate most extreme volume size. As volume sizes build, your decision of document frameworks gets to be restricted. For instance, both FAT32 and NTFS can read volumes bigger than 32 GB; however no one but NTFS can be utilized for configuration volumes bigger than 32 GB in Windows XP. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Selecting a File System Security contemplations. NTFS offers security components, for example, encryption and document and organizer authorizations. These components are not accessible on FAT or FAT32 volumes. In the event that you advantage by utilizing propelled record framework highlights. NTFS offers components, for example, circle quantities, pressure, and mounted drives. These elements are not accessible on FAT or FAT32 volumes. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Converting File Systems Converting a volume's document framework is not quite the same as arranging a volume. We design a volume that has no past record framework group. We change over a volume's record framework when changing the current document arrangement to another record design. Windows XP can change over FAT, FAT32, and NTFS in Windows NT to the form of NTFS in Windows XP. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Converting FAT or FAT32 Volumes to NTFS You can change over a FAT or FAT32 volume to NTFS by utilizing the Setup program when moving up to Windows XP. On the off chance that you decide to change over after you have introduced Windows XP, you can utilize Disk Management or the proselyte charge from a summon brief. To utilize the proselyte summon to change over a volume to NTFS, open the order brief window, and afterward sort: believer drive letter :/FS:NTFS ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Managing Data Compression Compressed records and organizers possess less space on a NTFS-arranged volume, along these lines empowering you to store more information. Likewise, records and organizers that you duplicate or move can hold their pressure states, or they can expect the pressure condition of the objective envelope to which they are replicated or moved. Note: Data pressure influences execution by abating the procedures of getting to and putting away information. In this manner, pack information just when stockpiling choices are occupied. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Managing Data Compression Defining packed records and organizers Compressing documents and envelopes Copying and moving compacted records and organizers Best practices for overseeing information pressure ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Defining Compressed Files and Folders Each record and envelope on a NTFS volume has a pressure state, which is either packed or uncompressed. An envelope can be compacted, yet the greater part of the documents in that organizer can be uncompressed. Also, an uncompressed envelope can contain packed documents. To change the pressure state for a record for organizer, you must have Write consents for that document or envelope. You can pack decoded records and envelopes that are put away on NTFS volumes. You can't pack encoded records or envelopes. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Access to Compressed Files When we ask for access to a packed document by utilizing a project, for example, Microsoft Word, or a working framework order, for example, duplicate , Windows XP naturally uncompresses the record. When we close or spare the record, Windows XP Professional packs it once more. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Space Allocation Based on Uncompressed File Size When a packed record is replicated to a compacted envelope, it is decompressed, duplicated in its decompressed state, and after that recompressed. Since the document is in an uncompressed state for a timeframe, there must be sufficient space on the destination volume to hold the record in its uncompressed state. On the off chance that there is insufficient space, the document can't be replicated to the volume and you will get a lapse message expressing that there is insufficient circle space for the record. Document pressure is not bolstered on bunch sizes above 4 KB. Thusly, the default NTFS group size for Windows XP is 4 KB. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Compression State Display Color By utilizing Windows Explorer, you can choose an alternate showcase shading for compacted records and organizers to recognize them from uncompressed documents and envelopes. You can set an other presentation shading for packed documents and organizers. In Windows Explorer, on the Tools menu, click Folder Options . On the View tab, select the Show scrambled or packed NTFS records in shading check box, and after that snap OK . ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Managing Data Compression To pack a document or envelope: Right-click a record or organizer, and after that snap Properties . In the Properties sheet for the record or envelope, snap Advanced . In the Advanced Attributes dialog box, select the Compress substance to spare plate space check box. ICS-023 PC Operating Systems

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Managing Data Compression If you pack an organizer, the Confirm Attribute Changes dialog box shows up. This dia