Ascent of Islam.


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Ascent of Islam Middle Easterners Middle Eastern Landmass Wanderers Tribes ruled by Sheik Taming of the camel. Real bearer of merchandise between the Indian Sea and the end of the Silk Street. Muhammad
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Ascent of Islam

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Arabs Arabian Peninsula Nomads Tribes ruled by Sheik Domestication of the camel. Significant bearer of products between the Indian Ocean and the Silk\'s end Road.

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Muhammad Worried about the developing hole between the basic, legit, liberality of most Makkans and the rich\'s insatiability exchanging elites.

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Muhammad’s Revelation Muslims trust that Muhammad got divine revelations through the holy messenger Gabriel Revelations were composed in the Quran.

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Muhammad the Prophet Muslims trust that the expression of Allah was somewhat uncovered through Moses (Judaism), and Jesus (Christianity). Allah is the main god and Muhammad is his prophet. Last disclosure of Allah was given to Muhammad.

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Teachings of Muhammad Monotheistic Allah is the almighty maker. Salvation can be achieved by the individuals who subject themselves to the will of Allah. Muhammad is not viewed as perfect. To do Allah’s will, one must take after a moral code known as the 5 Pillars of Faith.

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Quran Book of teachings given to Muhammad by the heavenly attendant Gabriel. Written in Arabic and Arabs demoralize its interpretation Jihad (heavenly war): Teachings from the Quran that urge battling to protect or spread the confidence Islam.

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Koran One ought to make formal ablutions religious purging) before taking care of the Qur\'an or perusing from its content.

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Koran One who need a formal shower (after intercourse or menstrual dying) ought not touch the Qur\'an until in the wake of washing.

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Koran A non-Muslim ought not handle the sacrosanct content, but rather may listen to tapes of the Qur\'an or handle an interpretation or analysis.

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Koran Those why should not able handle the Qur\'an taking into account these reasons ought to either abstain from taking care of the Qur\'an totally, or in need hold it while utilizing some kind of obstruction covering the hand, for example, a material or a glove.

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5 Pillars of Faith Believe in Allah and Muhammad as his prophet Prayer 5 times each day, with open request to God on Friday. Offering contributions to the poor Observe the blessed month of Ramadan Make a journey to Makkah.

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Ramadan Based on the Islamic Lunar date-book. Initially dinner of the day must be done by dawn. Eating, drinking, smoking and sex are not permitted in the middle of first light and nightfall.

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Islam More of a lifestyle, than an arrangement of convictions. Shari’ah, gives rules to ordinary life.

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Shari’ah Guideline for ordinary life Honesty Justice Cannot bet No pork No liquor.

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Kabba is the destination of Muslims making their journey to Makkah

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Kabba

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Islam after Muhammad left no successor. After Muhammad their were numerous arguments about who ought to be Muhammad’s successor. Additionally arguments about understanding of the Koran. Two gatherings framed: Sunnis, Shiites.

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Arab Empire Caliph: Successor to Muhammad. Abu Bakr was named caliph. Muslims gradually extended over Arabia and past. Muslims would strike neighbors. This strike was called “struggle in the method for of god” by the Quran.

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Arab Empire By 650 the Arabs had vanquished the whole Persian Empire. Boldness of Arab troopers was improved by the conviction that Muslim warriors were guaranteed a spot in heaven on the off chance that they passed on in fight.

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Arab Empire

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The Umayyads General Mu’awiyah got to be caliph He utilized constrain just when important. General Mu’awiyah made the workplace of caliph innate. Skirmish of Tours in 732, finished the extension of the Arab Empire.

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Abbasid Dynasty Built another capital city at Baghdad. Vanquished large portions of the wealthiest Roman areas. Interpretation of numerous Greek lives up to expectations. Foundation of an incredible Bureaucracy.

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Decline and division of Abbasid Dynasty Fighting over the caliph\'s progression Vast riches lead to money related defilement. Leaders of the areas started to split far from the focal power. Set up free traditions.

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Crusades Byzantine emporer Alexius I approached the Christian conditions of Europe for help against the Turks. Christian states and Islamic world dreaded and loathed one another. Europeans concurred, starting the Crusades in 1096.

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Crusades Early on the Crusaders had the capacity overcome numerous zones that were built up as the crusader states. Saladin was another Muslim ruler who took control of Egypt and took the hostile against Christian troops. Saladin did not permit a slaughter of individuals and he even permitted Christian religious administrations to proceed.

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Mongols Pastoral travelers Destructive, blazed structures to ground Lead by Genghis Khan. Solid disdain of Islam. Wrecked Muslim: houses, schools, Mosques.

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Mongols Over time Mongol rulers changed over to Islam. Pulverization of Baghdad brought about the new Islamic focus got to be Cairo Egypt.

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Prosperity Islamic flourishing was an aftereffect of exchange with China, India, and the Byzantine Empire. Exchange by boat and camel troop.

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Trade South of the Sahara came gold and slaves China: Silk and Porcelain. East Africa: Gold and Ivory India: Sandalwood (flavors, incense), flavors, materials. Advancement of saving money and utilization of coins.

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Cities Baghdad known as the city of peace. Cairo: Great sanctuaries, loaded with commendable and stately places. Bazaar: secured business sector where products of each Muslim city or town. Controllers verified that all products at the bazaar were spotless and new.

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Women were “equal” to men. Men could have up to four wives. Men needed to pay a settlement to every wife so most couldn\'t manage the cost of more than one.

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Women The custom of ladies covering their whole body in broad daylight was basic in the urban communities. This custom is a greater amount of an Arab key than it is from the Koran.

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Preservation of Knowledge The Arab realm made interpretations of Aristotle, and Plato. These were put away in a library called the House of Wisdom. Mathmatics content were brought from India and contemplated. Europeans recuperated these works in light of the fact that the Arabs protected them.

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Philosophy, Science, History Created Algebra Astronomy: named a considerable lot of the stars. Astrolobe: utilized by mariners to focus their area in view of the stars.

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Literature Arabian Nights: An accumulation of folktales, tales, and sentiments that mix the common with the extraordinary. Samples: Story of Aladdin and the enchantment light.

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Art and Architecture Most acclaimed are Islamic Mosques and castles. Used segments and curves. Castles were based on a patio.

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Art and Architecture Cordoba Mosque (Spain)

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Art and Architecture Alhambra in Gr

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