Before going to Chile . .


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Before going to Chile…. Lets start considering this question: Argentina has one of the strongest labor movements in Latin America. Can you think in ways Menem was able to control workers’ pressures and impose his structural reforms?. Don’t get lost! Where we are in this class….
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Before going to Chile… . Lets begin considering this question: Argentina has one of the most grounded work developments in Latin America. Can you think in ways Menem could control laborers\' weights and force his basic changes?

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Don\'t get lost! Where we are in this class… Again (and once more), our principle inquiries are: Why have Latin America not accomplished more noteworthy financial advancement? What makes Latin America politically instable? Argentina represents one way of financial and political improvement: Tensions and clashes inside the world class and the prohibition of critical segments have truly harmed choices of monetary advancement and political strength. Chile represents an alternate way : First, dynamic consideration of social segments permitted a broad time of political strength (until 1973!) Second, while polarization was a pivotal variable clarifying the military upset in 1973, political accord was a significant element clarifying the re-foundation of vote based system in 1990. Third, Chile demonstrates a critical inconsistency in connection to other law based administrations: the abnormal state of military independence

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Chile: The Big Picture Brief Political Chronology : Republican Period (1810-1925) 1810-1831: "Preservationist Republic" (oligarchic governments) 1831-1891: "Liberal Republic" (Still oligarchic governments) 1891-1925: "Parliamentary Republic" (Oligarchic govts. Incorporation center c) 1925-1932: Instability period. (Short military overthrow in 1931) Progressive democratization (1925-1973) 1932-1952: "Prominent Front" period (4 white collar class govts/) 1958-1964: Alessandri\'s govt. Traditionalist gathering govt. 1964-1970: Frei\'s govt. Focus Christian Democrat 1970-1973: Allende\'s govt. Radical Socialist Military administration 1973-1990: Pinochet\'s military Regime. Fascism Re-foundation of Democracy 1990-1994: Aylwin govt. Focus Left coalition ( Concertacion ) 1994-2000: Frei\'s govt. Focus Left coalition ( Concertacion ) 2000-2006: Lagos\' govt. Focus Left coalition ( Concertacion )

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Chile: The Big Picture In contrast with other Latin American nations, Chile has had an extremely steady and continuously comprehensive political framework. Financially, Chile has delighted in more security than different nations in Latin America in the most recent 20 years. Two focal inquiries to break down: A) What are the components bringing on this long soundness? B) Why was this strength fiercely softened up 1973?

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Chile today: a few certainties Chile: Long and thin nation (3,000 x 90 kilometers) 15 millions individuals/Favorite games: Soccer and Tennis Economy: Until 1970s, in light of a solitary ware: copper . After 1970s: Wine, grapes, natural products, angle, wood After 1983: steady monetary development. One-sided openness to exchange Social : Clear social stratification: upper/center/bring down classes Culture: Chile is socially moderate. Impact of Church and upper-cl. Legislative issues and Institutions: Strong gathering framework (Clear ideological divisions wager. Right/Center/left Low levels of debasement inside the world class Strong state Main issues The part of the military in legislative issues High levels of wage imbalance

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Explaining Chile\'s Political Stability between 1810-1973 The fundamental qualities of the economy in Chile somewhere around 1810 and 1973: 1800s-mid 1900s: Agriculture and mining (Silver, nitrates, copper) 1900-1973: Copper, some industrialization amid 1940s (materials) 1970s-2000: Copper, ocean items, rural items Who was controlling the economy amid the 1800s? At the point when the working class go into the political scene in Chile? At the point when did specialists go into the political scene in Chile?

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Chile: Explaining Political Stability As Argentina, Chie was controlled by effective gatherings of society (the world class). Be that as it may, landowners and mining proprietors consented to determine debate inside the political framework. In Chile, when new gatherings of society forced the elites, these elites reacted by stifling them in the first place, however including them later. The case of Alessandri amid 1920s supporting the Labor Code. Key perspective: government appropriation of contentions

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Chile: Explaining political Stability Thus, political dependability can be clarified on the grounds that: A) legislatures acquired clashes by including new divisions, expecting clashes. b) Political gatherings spoke to individuals\' requests The Era of Party Politics (1932-1973) What are the principle elements of the time of gathering governmental issues? (121)

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Chile: From Stability to Instability Competition, Coalitions, law based governmental issues. In this way, Chile an instance of outrageous political soundness until 1973. Why a military upset? Diverse understandings: outside variables (part of the US) Domestic components Role of the Military Role of political gatherings Today we will dissect just the political party calculate

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Chile: From Stability to Instability To clarify the military upset, we have to comprehend what was going ahead in Chile some time recently. Frei\'s financial and social arrangements (1964-1970) Eduardo Frei, a Christian Democrat, direct president, exceptionally appealling . The trademark of his administration: "Upset in Liberty" Economic and social arrangements? (123-126) Did the US and World Bank bolster his arrangements?

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Chile: From Stability to Instability Salvador Allende (1970-1973) "The Chilean path toward Socialism" Doctor, Socialist, upheld by specialists and a marxist-coalition 1970 races: Socialist (Allende): 36.2% Conservative (Alessandri): 34.9% Center (Tomic): 27.8% The Electoral framework issue (champ take-all, no second round) Economic and social approaches? Did the US and the World Bank bolster this legislature?

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Chile: The "unforeseen" result Before 1960s: rivalry, coalitions, law based governmental issues During 1970s: rivalry, polarization, hostile to vote based legislative issues September 11, 1973: The military upset was against Chile\'s Republican conventions The military overthrow was driven by a solid hostile to marxist estimation Instability clarified by: An) unwillingness to arrange and accomplish assentions B) Extreme polarization among gatherings C) Willingness of military organizations to wipe out a segment of society D) Acceptance of worldwide on-screen characters of this rough way.

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