BERLIN.


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BERLIN OUR CITY History and Present History of Berlin 12 th - 13 th century 1230 The congregation Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas's) is inherent the zone referred to today as the Nikolaiviertel. The principal narrative reference of the Marienkirche (St. Mary's) dates from 1292. 1237
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BERLIN OUR CITY History and Present

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History of Berlin 12 th - 13 th century 1230 The congregation Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas’s) is inherent the region referred to today as the Nikolaiviertel. The main narrative reference of the Marienkirche (St. Mary’s) dates from 1292. 1237 Berlin dates its official establishing to 1237, the first\'s year recorded notice of Cã¶lln. The principal narrative reference to Berlin followed in 1244. 1280 Berlin is given another town seal portraying, surprisingly, two bears.

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14 th - 15 th century 1400 Berlin and Cã¶lln have approximately 8,500 tenants and 1,100 structures. The twin urban areas have three town lobbies, three doctor\'s facilities, places of worship, and religious communities with habitations for the pastorate and the margrave\'s court. 1411 Administration and control of the Mark is given to the Burgrave of Nuremberg, the Hohenzollern Friedrich VI, starting 500 years of Hohenzollern tenet in Berlin. At the Council of Constance in 1415, King Sigismund raises him to the rank of Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg as Friedrich I 1443 The establishment stone of what will get to be Berlin’s City Palace is laid on the “Spree island” in Cã¶lln. Development and recreation proceed until 1716, when the building takes its last shape.

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17 th - 18 th century 1701 On 18 January 1701 in Konigsberg, the balloter Friedrich III has himself delegated Friedrich I, King in Prussia. Berlin turns into the regal home. 1709 King Friedrich I proclaims the five\'s unification towns of Berlin, Cã¶lln, Friedrichswerder, Dorotheenstadt, and Friedrichstadt to shape t he capital and illustrious living arrangement of Berlin. The brought together city has a populace of 55,000. 1732 Until 1739, around 1,200 Bohemians settle in Berlin to escape religious mistreatment. In 1737 they discovered Bã¶hmisch-Rixdorf (now Neukã¶lln). Berlin got to be greater in the eighteenth century.

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18 th - 19 th century 1809 New metropolitan enactment gives Berlin wide powers of self-government. Chosen interestingly, a city get together advances a mayoral possibility to be sanction by the ruler. 1883 New Theaters open. Amongst them the still understood “Deutsches Theater” and a Theater which later turns into the home of Berthold Brecht’s Berliner Ensemble. 1891 The Berlin mechanical specialist Otto Lilienthal makes the first effective coasting flight ever (25 meters). Lilienthal passed on in a flying mishap in 1896. The Lilienthal remembrance at the “Fliegeberg,” his manufactured slope in Lichterfelde, and today’s Otto Lilienthal Airport in Tegel honor him and his spearheading accomplishment.

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Berlin and the S econd World War 1933 Adolf Hitler’s ascend to power prompts the end of majority rules system in Germany and Berlin. On March 21, the first death camp in the Berlin territory was opened. A great many individuals were slaughtered there. The initially sorted out blacklists of Jewish organizations, specialists, and attorneys occurred on April 1 st .

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1934/35 All picked advisory groups of the city were shut. Hitler assumed control over all force in Berlin. The Nazis made numerous exhibitions and walked through the Brandenburg Gate. Everyone who did not go along with them was a foe.

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1938 On November 9, amid the slaughter known as the “Night of Broken Glass” (“Kristallnacht”), individuals from the SA and the SS set flame to nine of the twelve synagogues in Berlin, obliterated Jewish-possessed shops, and captured 1200 Jewish nationals. The majority of those captured are taken to the Sachsenhausen death camp.

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1939 On 1 st September Germany proclaimed war against Poland. The Second World War begins in Berlin, as well.

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1940 Enemy air ship shelled the city without precedent for August. The half city was pulverized till the war\'s end. A great many individuals kicked the bucket.

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1945 On April 21 the Red Army crossed the city limits surprisingly and the fight for Berlin started. It finished with Hitler’s suicide on April 30 and the city\'s surrender on May 2. For Berlin, the war is over.

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Results of the war: The German economy was crushed. A large number of individuals were destitute, harmed or dead. America, France, England and the Soviet Union (Russia) separated Germany and Berlin into 4 sections. Later England, America and France made one section. Germany was separated into East Germany and West Germany. Berlin was isolated, as well.

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The Berlin Wall As a second\'s aftereffect world war and the chilly war East Germany constructed a divider to West Germany and around West Berlin. Individuals from East Berlin couldn\'t go to West Berlin any longer and the general population in West Berlin couldn\'t leave the town for a long time.

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The Berlin Wall was fabricated 13 th August 1961. The Berlin Wall was 167,8 km Long. From the east side it was taboo to go close it. From the west side individuals painted the divider with pictures and graffiti. The Wall kept going over thirty years until the divider fell and the general population in Berlin and Germany were united once more.

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The Wall was through the entire town. The well known Brandenburg Gate was straightforwardly on the fringe. For a long time no one was permitted to cross it. Numerous acclaimed individuals like John F. Kennedy came to Berlin and requested the divider\'s opening.

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„TODESSTREIFEN“ „DEATH STRIP“ That implies that there was a zone where no one was permitted to go. Who attempted to cross it was slaughtered. Routinely officers with canines and firearms watched the „Death Strip“ – day and night.

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The Berlin\'s fall Wall In summer and pre-winter 1989 the general population in East Germany began to show against the administration and requested a free Germany. The Berlin Wall fell on 9 th November1989 Everybody in Germany was extremely upbeat. A large number of Berliner went to the checkpoints. The main checkpoint opened at around 10.30 p.m. in the Bornholmer StraãŸe.

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Sights of Berlin Wall Memorial Bernauer StraãŸe isolates the areas Wedding and Mitte. Until 1989 the Wall kept running along here. The documentation focus on the historical backdrop of the division of Berlin was opened in November 1999. It demonstrates the political foundation and people’s individual experience of being forever confronted with the divider in the day by day life. Next to no is left of the first Wall, the greater part of the divider fragments are given to galleries everywhere throughout the world or sold.

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Brandenburg Gate It was constructed 1788-1791 as a triumph door. Berlin once had 18 city entryways - this is the one and only remaining. Gravely harmed in the war, it was revamped in 1957. After the divider was constructed the Gate turned into a point of interest and image of the division and reunification of Germany.

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Victory Column The 70-meter-high segment is delegated by the plated triumph goddess, nicknamed "Goldelse" - Golden Lizzie - by the Berliners. In addition to other things, she has beautified the front of specific books. By the way, the firearm barrels around the section are authentic. The following are the Austrian, then the French and on top the Danish.

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House at Checkpoint Charlie Permanent and extraordinary presentation spread subjects in German history after 1945, particularly the division of Berlin, the Wall\'s building and its impact on every day life. Narrative film appears and particularly converses with onlookers give a noteworthy photo of the relationship between the two sections of Germany amid the Cold War.

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Olympiastadion Olympic Stadium Built by Werner March on the Maifeld for the 1936 Olympic Games, the stadium holds up to76,000 onlookers. In 1936 the dark runner Jesse Owens won the 100-meter race here (a totally un-Aryan result). Berliners trust the nearby football group Hertha will soon win the container here. Bounty to see around here for history fans.

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Berlin Cathedral Berlin’s most noteworthy church building with a greater floor territory than Cologne Cathedral. It was extremely harmed in the war and rebuilding work went ahead into the 1990s. The brilliant arch gives the building it’s character. In the Hohenzollern Crypt the Prussian lords and Kaisers lie in dust and fiery debris.

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TV-Tower at Alexanderplatz TV Tower at Alexanderplatz Berlin\'s tallest building. So that everyone could see the statures communist building. Today it\'s three meters taller with another . Since Berlin lies on the North German plain it merits set up the tower to see the perspective over the city from the stage at 203 meters or the spinning cafã© at 207 meters. Not too far off you can envision as far as possible regardless of the possibility that you can\'t see them.

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The Reichstag An image of German history. Pictures that went round the world: in 1945 the Soviet banner was raised on the Reichstag, in 1995 it was wrapped by Christo and Jeanne-Claude and since 1999 it has been the seat of the German Parliament. The devotion over the passage peruses: "To the German People". The vault manufactured by Sir Norman Foster is not by any stretch of the imagination tuned in to this, on the grounds that: anybody, if German of from abroad, can stroll around unreservedly inside it until midnight

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Ice Hockey Club “Eisbären” Berlin The „Eisbären Berlin“ (Polar Bears Berlin) is a standout amongst the best ice hockey groups in Germany. Home is the “O2 World”

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They won the German title tree times: in 2005, 2006 and 2008. The group played in the Berlin region of Hohenschã¶nhausen however in harvest time 2008, the group moved to their new home enclosure, the O2 World. The old stadium is as yet being utilized as a preparation office. The old stadium The new stadium The authority Eisbã¤ren song of devotion "Hey, wir wollen pass on Eisbã¤ren seh\'n

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