Between relationship of Central Qualities.

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Between relationship of Principal Values The mission for the Great Society Rights Freedom Fairness Initiative Effectiveness Group Majority rule government Plant closings Cutbacks Minority employing approaches Internal city venture Paternity leave Official extra frameworks Environmentalism…
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Between relationship of Fundamental Values The mission for the Good Society

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Rights Liberty Equality Leadership Efficiency Community Democracy Plant closings Layoffs Minority enlisting approaches Inner city venture Paternity leave Executive extra frameworks Environmentalism… Great Ideas …in 2002

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Whose qualities? “The incredible discussion over the centuries.” - Mortimer Adler

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“Conflict between civic establishments will be the most recent stage in the development of contention in the current world. …the clashes of the Western world were to a great extent among princes—emperors, total rulers, and established rulers endeavoring to grow their administrations, their armed forces, their mercantilist monetary quality and most vital, the domain they ruled.” …

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“In the legislative issues of developments, the people groups and legislatures of non-Western civic establishments no more remain the objects of history as focuses of Western imperialism yet join the West as movers and shapers of history.” Samuel P. Huntington (1993)

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The Good Society Defined as far as ‘justice’ Good Society is a Just Society in light of the fact that the crucial privileges of each national are secured But… What, if anything, is each subject qualified for get from society?

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Purpose of government: The errand of each genuine government is to secure the great society for its natives.

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In the Good or Just Society Aristotle: allows a few individuals to carry on with the great life Hobbes: gives adequate request to permit material advancement Locke: ensures life, freedom and property Rousseau: jelly however much as could reasonably be expected the states of freedom and balance that mankind delighted in the ‘state of nature ’ Adam Smith: about outright financial opportunity Marx: almost supreme monetary balance Max Weber: represented by law so that no native is dealt with self-assertively Martin Luther King: ensures the ‘natural rights’ of every one of its individuals, without respect to their race, sex, religion, or class

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Questions: Why do such splendid savants oppose this idea? With such assorted points of view, in what manner can government be said to give the great society by any stretch of the imagination? How are contemporary savants tending to the Big Question, if by any means? In a world progressively characterized by a conflict of civic establishments, in what capacity would we be able to want to concur on the worth measurements that underlie the Big Question? What wins?

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Are you a Liberal? ‘l’iberal? Traditional liberal? ‘c’onservative? Neo-moderate? Preservationist? Eco-women\'s activist? Profound biologist?

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Dreams Values Ideals Objectives Desires…

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The U.S. Revelation of Independence (1776) We hold these truths to act naturally clear, that all men are made equivalent, that they are supplied by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the quest for Happiness.

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Politics , by Aristotle For that some ought to run and others be administered is a thing important, as well as practical; from the hour of their introduction to the world, some are checked out for subjection, others for principle. … …Again the male is by nature unrivaled, and the female substandard; and the one guidelines, and the other is ruled; this standard, of need, reaches out to all humanity. … …It is clear, then, that a few men are by nature free, and others slaves, and that for these recent subjection is both practical and right.

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Natural Law , by Cicero “ True law is correct reason in concurrence with nature ; it is of general application , perpetual and everlasting… …And there won\'t be distinctive laws at Rome or Athens, or diverse laws now and later on, however one endless and unchangeable law will be legitimate for all countries and all times, and there will be one expert and ruler, that is, God, over all of us, for he is the creator of this law, its promulgator, and its upholding judge. Whoever is rebellious is escaping from himself and denying his human instinct, and by reason of this very certainty he will endure the most exceedingly bad punishments, regardless of the possibility that he escapes wha tis normally considered punishment.” from The Republic III, XXII

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Leviathan , by Thomas Hobbes “To this war of each man against each man … nothing can be out of line. The ideas of good and bad, equity and treachery, have there no spot. Where there is no basic force, there is no law… …The interests that slope men to peace are: trepidation of death; craving of such things as are important to large living; and a trust by their industry to acquire them.” Chapter XIII

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“The right of nature, which essayists usually call jus naturale , is the freedom every man hath to utilize his own energy as he will himself for the protection he could call his own tendency; that is to say, he could call his own life… By freedom is understood…the nonappearance of outside impediments… A law of nature, lex naturalis , is a statute, or general standard, figured out by reason, by which man is taboo to do what is damaging of his life… … right comprises in freedom to do , or to ancestor; though law determinith and bindith to one of them: so that law and right contrast as much as commitment and liberty…

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“The common exchanging of right is what men call contract…”

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“that incredible Leviathan” “I approve and surrender my entitlement to representing myself to this man, or to this get together of man, on this condition; that thou surrender thy right to him, and approve every one of his activities in like way. This done, the large number so united in one individual is known as a Commonwealth; in Latin, Civitas.”

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“…one individual, of whose demonstrations an incredible huge number, by shared agreements one with another, have made themselves each one the creator, to the end he may utilize the quality and method for all of them as he should think convenient for their peace and regular protection. Furthermore, he that carryeth this position is called sovereign, and said to have sovereign force; and each one moreover, his subject.”

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The Science of Right, by Immanuel Kant Natural right rests upon unadulterated judicious standards from the earlier Positive or statutory right is the thing that returns from the will of an official Innate right is that privilege which has a place with each one by nature, free of every single juridical demonstration of experience. Obtained right is that privilege which is established upon such juridical acts.

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There is one and only Innate Right, the Birthright of Freedom. Opportunity is autonomy of the necessary will of another.

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Society Social state Natural right Private right Civil society Civil state Civil rights Public rights Kant cont’d In a condition of nature, there may be a general public, yet not a ‘civil society’.

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discussions after some time Antigone struggle between individual still, small voice & laws of the state 5 th C: tradedy @ ruler settled on awful choice; couldn’t concede botch

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Greeks: flexibility of kids on a well-run school-ground

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Hobbes: truly free in condition of nature & intentionally enters social contract to live under standard of law - freedom for ensured security under all-intense ruler - a biting deal

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Locke free in [benign] condition of nature “consent of the governed” common peace, not by a tyrannical Hobbesian sovereign Rather, laws uninhibitedly consented to by those laws’ subjects Where law closes, oppression creatures [Jefferson &Declaration of Independence]

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Freedom: a freedom to take after my own will in all things where [the law] recommends not Locke Unjust laws…?

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Rousseau How can individuals hold their Natural Right to opportunity on the off chance that they have contracted to live under the state\'s laws? No blockhead would willfully offer himself into servitude. At the point when comply with a law that’s in your own self-interest, haven’t surrendered fdm., & everybody has done as such as well.

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“…each man, in offering himself to all, offers himself to nobody…” issue is not opportunity from government, but rather flexibility under government

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Give up opportunity with the goal that we can obey ourselves

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Substituting equity for impulse in his behavior. “Although, in this state, he denies himself of a few favorable circumstances which he received from nature, he picks up consequently others so incredible, his resources are so invigorated and built up, his thoughts so expanded, his emotions so honored, and his entire soul so inspired …. Rather than a doltish and dull creature, made him a shrewd being and a man.”

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“Man is conceived free; and all around he is in chains.”

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“Even if every man could estrange himself, he couldn\'t distance his youngsters: they are conceived men and free; their freedom fits in with them, and nobody yet they has the privilege to discard it.”

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John Stuart Mill Approved Locke, Rousseau’s endeavors to guarantee freedom of numerous from the imperialism of rulers & governments However, worried about privileges of minorities Context: tallness of Victorian social restraint that happened with the blooming of free enterprise financial matters in England Mill worried about security of singularity

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Freedom of “ The main flexibility which merits the name is that of seeking after our own great in our own particular manner, inasmuch as we don\'t endeavor to deny others of theirs, or obstruct their endeavors to acquire it.” Thought Expression Tastes Conscience Pursuits Association

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