BIOFORTIFICATION, An Intense Apparatus Battling AGAINST Destitution.


134 views
Uploaded on:
Category: Animals / Pets
Description
Poor living conditions and nourishment status in some rustic ranges. Commonness of sustenance lacks in China .
Transcripts
Slide 1

BIOFORTIFICATION, A POWERFUL TOOL FIGHTING AGAINST POVERTY 范云六 张春义 CHINESE ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NOVEMBER 17, 2007 BEIJING

Slide 2

Poor living conditions and nourishment status in some country zones

Slide 3

Iron pallor insufficiency <6 months <5 y Adult (female) Adult ( male ) >60 y urban 28 % 21.7 % 27.5% 10.6 % 20.6% rustic 50 % 41.2% VA lack Deficiency (3~12 y) Marginal inadequacy (3~12 y) urban 3 % 29 % provincial 11.2% 49.6% Zinc inadequacy Boys (<6 y) Girls (<6 y) urban 31.3 % 38.3 % rustic 32.6% 40.8% Prevalence of sustenance insufficiencies in China

Slide 4

Relationship of supplements to wellbeing and infection (Clydesdale, 1998) Cognitive Heart Cancer function disease Iron Vit E Vit E Zinc Vit C -carotene Thiamin -carotene Vit C Vit B12 Folic acid Iron Vit B6 Folic corrosive Vit B12 Iron Osteoporosis Anemia Birth deserts Calcium Iron Folic corrosive Vit D Folic acid Vit A Vit B12 Vit B6

Slide 5

微量营养缺乏造成了巨大的社会、经济损失 1 、人力资源损失严重 1 )体力不足、劳动能力降低。 2 )智力受损,受教育的能力低下,创新能力不足。 3 )营养缺乏与急性、传染性疾病互为因果,形成恶性循环。联合国儿童基金会统计, 1999 年发展中国家 5 岁以下的儿童死亡 1700 万名,其中 49% 与营养不良有着直接或间接的关系。 4 )营养缺乏是许多慢性疾病的潜在原因。联合国儿童基金会一系列的研究显示,胎儿期和婴儿期的营养损害,在他们成年后易患诸如心血管疾病,肥胖症,高血压,以及糖尿病等疾病。 5 )营养缺乏会世代相传,形成恶性循环。  6 )贫困的恶性循环。营养不良长期以来被认为是贫困的结果,越来越多的证据显示,营养不良也是贫困的原因。 据 Ross 与 Horten 对亚洲几个国家的数据分析表明, 改善营养可以增强人力资源的素质,从而提高劳动效率与经济发展速度;使营养改善与经济发展形成交替的、螺旋式的上升趋势。反之,如果营养状况恶化,营养缺乏,影响整个民族的智能发展,对经济发展带来的负面影响也会是螺旋式的下降 。

Slide 6

IDA-brought on financial misfortune in China * equivalent to rate of GDP 3.6%( grown-up: 0.7% , children:2.9% ) ; * 预计今后 10 年: 成年人缺铁性贫血造成经济损失将达到 7020 亿元 若缺铁性贫血降低 30 %,其所产生的经济价值将达到 1070 亿元,净产值相当于 2001 年 GDP 的 0.73% ; 儿童缺铁性贫血所造成的损失累计将达 21787 亿元,相 当于 2001 年 GDP 的 2.9% 。 根据《中国营养状况十年跟踪 1990 - 2000 》

Slide 7

Strategies • sustenance fortress • supplement • biofortification : simple to deliver and scatter straightforward and ok for purchasers accessible for larger part practical

Slide 8

Biofortification * To create staple nourishment crops containing exceedingly accessible micronutrients, for example, iron, zinc and vitamin A for forestalling worldwide inadequacies of these supplements. * To screen for biofortified crops from existing germplasms * To Breed for biofortified crops utilizing assortments from overall * Efficacy study * Intervention * Dissemination and augmentation

Slide 9

HarvestPlus Program To create micronutrient thick staple yields utilizing the best conventional rearing practices and present day biotechnology. Stage 2 Banana/Plantain Barley Cowpeas Groundnuts Lentils Millet Pigeon Peas Potato Sorghum Yams Phase 1 Rice Wheat Maize Cassava Sweetpotato Beans

Slide 10

HarvestPlus: Coordinating a Multidisciplinary Program

Slide 11

www.harvestplus-China.org 中国生物强化是 HarvestPlus 的姊妹组织,目的是通过遗传育种和营养学研究,提高作物中的微量营养元素含量和人体摄入量,减少人群尤其是贫困人群中广泛存在的微量营养缺乏 .

Slide 12

Target Crops in HPC · Rice · Maize · Wheat · Sweet Potato Target Micronutrients · Iron (Fe) · Zinc (Zn) · Vitamin A (VA) 13 Institutions included CAAS · CAU · Zhejiang University et al.

Slide 13

中国生物强化项目机构成员 HarvestPlus-China Program Officers Harvest Plus - China Director Fan Yunliu, Professor/Academician Biotechnology Research Institute, CAAS Associate Directors Wan Jianmin, Xingen Lei, Professor Ph. D Director General Associate Professor Crop Science Research Institute Department of Animal Science CAAS Cornell University, Ithaca Secretaries Zhang Chunyi Wang Lei Associate Professor Associate Professor Biotechnology Research Institute Biotechnology Research Institute CAAS

Slide 14

Target zones of HarvestPlus-China Beijing CIMMIT 陕西 Shanghai Chengdu 安徽 pengxi Hangzhou 凉山彝族 浙西南 Kunming 天等县 临沧佤族 马瑶族 Nanning 文山壮族 北京6项,合作单位涉及北京,成都,昆明,南宁等地区的10个单位 杭州2项,合作单位涉及杭州,上海等地区的6个单位

Slide 15

Breeding for micronutrient thick yields Rice : Fe, 6.8~8.6  g/g ( >10  g/g , 400g ) Maize : Fe, 42.33  g/g ( >50  g/g , 200g ) Maze : β-carotene, 20.29  g/g ( >10  g/g , ) Wheat : Fe, 43.4~48.2  g/g ( >25  g/g , 400g ) Zn, 41.1~42  g/g ( >9  g/g , 400g ) Sweat potato : β-carotene, 128~231  g/g ( >100  g/g ) Baseline overview and intercession is advancing

Slide 16

5.Efficacy study with beta - carotene thick sweet potato on kids experiencing vitamin A lack White Sweetpatato for the gathering of clear examination Orange Sweetpatato for the gathering of trial Bowl for kids eating sweetpatato Eating sweet potato

Slide 18

Carotenoid invigorated sweet potato can enormously enhance the wellbeing status of the youngsters experiencing vitamin An insufficiency and peripheral vitamin An inadequacy. This is the main achievement in human trial finished with biofortified sweet potato in Asia, furthermore the second case on the planet. The following is to amplify the planting region to tackle, in a more noteworthy scale, the issue of vitamin A lack experienced by the nearby individuals.

Slide 19

What to do next Germplasm-screening for biofortified lines Integration of routine rearing system with biotechnology Nutrition intercession study & biofortification assessment

Slide 20

Estimated Poverty Reduction from Public Investment in Coastal and Western Regions of China 1 Reduction in the quantity of destitute individuals per 10,000 yuan contributed Source: Shenggen Fau, et.al, 2002

Slide 21

Conclusion The biofortification would defeat the supplement inadequacy financially particularly in rustic regions. The use of biofortified harvests would profit agriculturists by expanding their pay over the long haul . Utilitarian products can assume an imperative part in battling against various sorts of nourishment insufficiency and overnutrition.

Slide 22

为什么在我国开展生物强化 我国扶贫工程的需要。 我国是一个农业大国,农村人口占全国总人口的 90 %,其中贫困人口达 3000 万以上 . 保障我国人民健康和人力资源的需要。 贫困和营养不良/缺乏互为因果,使贫困者更贫困,形成恶性循环 , 解决我国"三农问题"的有效手段和途径。 我国社会经济稳定、可持续发展的需要。 在这些贫困人口中,营养不良、缺铁性贫血症、维生素 A 缺乏症、缺锌等发病率较高,这些疾病加大了人们家庭的支出与负担,严重影响当代及后代人口的健康水平和身体与智力水平,是关系到国民素质的重要问题。 优良的富含营养的生物强化作物新品种是改善我国贫困人口的营养与健康状况的一条即经济又切实可行的新途径,是全面实现"小康"、构建和谐社会的长远发展目标的关键之一,它也将为我国社会和经济的稳定和可持续发展保驾护航。 目前亟需政府的专门立项,给予充足的资金资助!

Slide 23

Thanks for your consideration!

Recommended
View more...