BMGF Sub-Saharan Africa Vegetable Market Opportunity .

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BMGF Sub-Saharan Africa Vegetable Business sector Opportunity. Full scale Open door Appraisal. 6 of 80 Slides. %. Certain vegetable wares are conspicuous crosswise over Africa
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BMGF Sub-Saharan Africa Vegetable Market Opportunity Macro Opportunity Assessment 6 of 80 Slides

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% Certain vegetable items are noticeable crosswise over Africa – specifically tomatoes and onions constitute ~20-35% of vegetable utilization in SSA Main vegetable products in both West and East Africa Tomatoes and onions are the two most devoured vegetables in SSA constituting between ~20-35% of vegetable utilization inside every locale Exotic: Primary Tomatoes Onions Secondary Peppers Cabbage Indigenous: Primary Amaranth African eggplant Okra Secondary 1 Spider plant Night shade As livelihoods rise individuals tend to move from utilization of indigenous to colorful vegetables Growing interest for extraordinary vegetables in urban regions especially tomatoes and onions 1) Demand fluctuates by nation and provincially inside a nation 2003 Consumption of vegetables in SSA (in M\'s of tons) 12.2 4.8 2.3 2.1 100% 90% 80% 70% Other Vegetables 66% 72% 76% 79% 60% half 40% 30% 14% Onions 6% 20% 9% 22% 10% 20% Tomatoes 15% 12% 0% West Africa East Africa Central Africa South Africa Note: Consumption incorporates both crisp and prepared vegetables, including watermelons and different melons Source: FAO; master interviews

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95 Tomatoes have moderately high nourishment adjust scores and are the most privately created vegetable in SSA 2007 SSA vegetable sustenance and accessibility investigation Asparagus Production measurements on African indigenous vegetables are not broadly announced, but rather nourishment adjust scores for certain indigenous vegetables are: accounted for. NBS: Amaranth: 79 Kale: 85 Spinach Okra Lettuce and chicory Vegetable sustenance adjust score (NBS) 1 Pumpkins, squash and gourds Cabbages and different brassicas Peas, green Tomatoes Artichokes Eggplants (aubergines) Carrots and turnips Cucumbers and gherkins Garlic Onions, dry 1 Source: 2 Source: FAO Production insights 2007 Sub-Saharan Africa Vegetable creation (in Ks of tons) 2 3 Note: Used "lettuce, green leaf" adjust score for \'lettuce and chicory" adjust score; utilized "carrots" adjust score for "carrots and turnips adjust score, utilized "cucumbers" adjust score for "cucumbers and gherkins" adjust score; utilized "cabbages" adjust score for "cabbages and different brassicas " adjust score

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Many indigenous vegetables have high dietary substance, they are generally high in calcium, vitamin C and iron when contrasted with onions and tomatoes 5.8 3 194 4.4 75 2.7 186 4.4 2.2 113 44 0.4 1.8 37 0.9 Indigenous Vegetables 4.6 1.7 135 3.3 120 157 0.9 3.2 1.3 157 1 9 0.5 1.1 10 270 1.7 3.5 3 42 0 0.2 23 1.1 7 0.6 9 0.2 0.9 30 Note: expect headed cabbage is fascinating; need to affirm if leaf cabbage is viewed as indigenous or outlandish Source: "Advancing urban farming through utilization of indigenous vegetables: African encounters; Chapter 3", by Ray-Yu Yang and Gudrun B. Keding

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Across all vegetable wares critical difficulties exist along the esteem chain for vegetable creation by smallholder agriculturists PRELIMINARY Challenges Why? Input shortage (i.e. water, quality seed) Inability to bear the cost of value data sources Cost/accessibility of water system High cost/restricted get to as well as data of highquality data sources Little-to-no utilization of water system Cannot stand to fund inputs forthright Inputs Low profitability – low yield High waste Quality levels not met No arranging, plant what neighbor plants Poor cultivating procedures – constrained preparing accessible Limited utilization of vermin/malady administration, and poor storerooms Limited market data – restricted business mentality Production Farmer is a value taker because of constrained market get to and item perishability Consolidation of deliver Poor quality and conflicting supply Limited nearby handling to take care of demand Many strides in appropriation channel – esteem caught crosswise over chain Farmers are generally dispensed and have low creation volumes Poor post-reap foundation, frosty chain Poor quality Wholesale/Processing Difficult for smallholders to get to showcase specifically Farmers get low cost for create Fragmented retail advertise for new vegetables – fundamentally sold in wet markets and booths (however "super-marketization" in progress) Poor wet market framework (swarmed, unsanitary, poor storerooms, and so forth. Showcase Access/Retail/Trade Logistics Poor post-gather framework/frosty chain Poor/undeveloped streets, ports, transport joins Lack of chilly stockpiling limit – numerous vegetables are profoundly perishable High transport cost Finance Lack of accessible moderate financing Farmers can\'t bear to back data sources Difficult to get to financing crosswise over esteem chain (ranchers, processors, and so forth.) Source: Dalberg examination; master interviews

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Executive Summary as to vegetable markets in Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa is the biggest and most appealing area for venture to expand smallholder agriculturist salary West Africa expends more than two circumstances a bigger number of vegetables than East Africa, and contains 60% of the aggregate vegetable utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) Even on a for each capita premise, West Africa devours over double the measure of kg every year (48kg) than whatever other district in SSA, albeit none approach the WHO prescribed least (73 kg/year) Nigeria alone makes up 35% of aggregate vegetable utilization in SSA, and 62% of the utilization in West Africa While the majority of the vegetables expended are delivered locally, West Africa imports no less than 4% of their utilization from outside of the district, the greater part of which is from Europe, demonstrating they can\'t take care of demand locally Three open doors emerge to build smallholder ranchers wage in the vegetable esteem chain Tomato Paste: Many West Africa nations are bringing in tomato glue from Europe and Asia. In 2003, Nigeria and Ghana imported 46K tons ($51M) and 31K tons ($30M) of tomato glue, separately. Despite the fact that the nearby handling part requires facilitate advancement, there is a chance to source crisp tomatoes locally or territorially , achieving 32-94K smallholder agriculturists, expanding their income by up to 700% if the vital intercessions happen (water system, preparing , and so forth ) Onions: There is likewise a vast market for onions in West Africa; in 2005 187K tonnes ($26M+) were imported a year from Europe into four nations (Senegal 95K, Cote d\'Ivoire 44K, Guinea 24K and Mauritania 24K). There is a chance to either source this locally or through provincial exchange, achieving 12-37K smallholder famers and expanding their income by up to 300% Processed vegetables: There is a vast and developing worldwide market for handled vegetables. There are chances to connection smallholder ranchers to vegetable processors concentrated on out-of-area fare. Frigoken in Kenya works with up to 65,000 smallholder agriculturists expanding their pay by up to 400% ; this model could be extended or potentially repeated To catch these three open doors, mediations with various accomplices are required Though the difficulties and dangers fluctuate over the three open doors, there are some normal subjects: Support smallholder ranchers through upgraded creation and post-collect dealing with procedures, including enhanced seed; water system; and so on. Sort out ranchers for simplicity of execution Link agriculturists to an ensured, straightforward market that they can depend on to offer their merchandise Support neighborhood processors, where applicable, through delicate financing, administrative preparing and plan of action exhortation

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