Brains and Brawn: The Neuroscience of Violent Youth Behavior .


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Brains and Brawn: The Neuroscience of Violent Youth Behavior. 2010 School Safety and Violence Prevention Conference Keynote Address Commerce City, Colorado Jonathan I. Cloud. What We Will Cover. The Culture of Brawn Deeper Views of Safety, Pain, and Victimization
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Brains and Brawn: The Neuroscience of Violent Youth Behavior 2010 School Safety and Violence Prevention Conference Keynote Address Commerce City, Colorado Jonathan I. Cloud

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What We Will Cover The Culture of Brawn Deeper Views of Safety, Pain, and Victimization Brain-Mind Processes for Safety and Nonviolence Violentization Cycle: The Neuroscience of Violence Peace-Making Cycle: The Neuroscience of Nonviolence

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The Culture of Brawn: Brute Force Employed to Subjugate Others Became an essential consider social advancement amid the ancient times of Western progress: "Dominator Model." Displaced common guide as an essential figure social development: "Association Model" (i.e., interfacing). Abuse of Darwin\'s hypothesis of human advancement revered the "Dominator Model" (i.e., "Social Darwinism"). Presently in a move in awareness in which the "Dominator Model" is progressively being risen above. Presently numerous adolescent have another principled personality : intense feeling of the "Association Model" (i.e., "Social Creatives," "Innovative Class," "Era WE," "Gatekeeper Class"). Need to comprehend what\'s blocking what they can make; therefore we require further perspectives of security, torment, exploitation. Source: The Chalice & The Blade: Our History, Our Future, by Riane Eisler

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Neurological and Developmental Aspects of Kids With Conscientious Minds A higher than normal affectability of neural receptors ("overexcitabilities"). Responds with amazement, puzzlement to numerous things; crashes into things, people and occasions, which thus bring wonder and disquietude. (Dabrowski, 1972) They appear on the scene with a sentiment sovereignty. They experience issues with total specialist (expert without clarification or decision). They frequently observe better methods for getting things done. They appear to be standoffish unless they are with their own particular kind. School is regularly troublesome for them socially. They won\'t react to "blame" train. (Carroll & Tober, 1999)

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A Deeper View of Their Safety or Well-Being Physical Safety or Well-Being : security and insurance of body, wellbeing, property, and essential assets. Passionate Safety or Well-Being : security and assurance of connections with family, companions, and specialist figures. Social Safety or Well-Being : security and insurance of chances and parts in family, school, and group; acknowledgment of others; feeling of significant worth or worth to society. Mental Safety or Well-Being : security and assurance of self-regard, certainty, accomplishment, regard of others and by others. Profound Safety or Well-Being : security and insurance of feeling of reason, which means; self-improvement, suddenness.

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Physical, Social, Emotional, Spiritual Safety Trends (Duke University\'s Child Welfare Index)

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A Deeper View of Their Pain Physical Pain : security of one\'s body, wellbeing, property, and fundamental assets abused/debilitated. Passionate Pain : security of connections with one\'s family, companions, and specialist figures damaged/undermined. Social Pain : security of chances and parts in one\'s family, school, and group; acknowledgment of others; feeling of significant worth or worth disregarded/debilitated. Mental Pain : security of self-regard, certainty, accomplishments, regard of others and by others disregarded/debilitated. Profound Pain : security of one\'s feeling of reason, which means; self-improvement, suddenness abused/debilitated.

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A Deeper View of Their Victimization Intrapersonal/Actual Self : exploitation is enlisted by body\'s five detects; undermines making peace through individual objectives; debilitates self-control ; limits what I can do in interfacing safely with people. Interpersonal/Expected Self : exploitation is enlisted by insightfulness; undermines making peace through interpersonal objectives; debilitates self-approval ; limits what I can accomplish in interfacing safely with school, group, society. Transpersonal/Ideal Self : exploitation is enlisted by heart; undermines making peace through profound objectives; debilitates self-completion ; confines what I can get to be in interfacing safely with reason, which means, mankind.

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The Neurology of Connecting: Or Being Secure Source: Hardwired to Connect , The Commission on Children at Risk, 2006 Risk-taking Excitement-chasing Novelty-chasing Friendship-chasing About Age 11: A hopeful picture of self starts to develop in force. About Age 14: Expects something huge to happen. About Age 16: Senses a mystery one of a kind enormity that looks for expression . Source: Evolution\'s End: Claiming the Potentials of Our Intelligence , Joseph Pearce

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Safety Must be Realized Through Innate Developmental Striving or Thriving What the Youth Can Become (Senses a mystery exceptional significance that looks for expression .) What the Youth Can Achieve (Expects something colossal to happen.) What the Youth Can Do (A hopeful picture of self starts to develop in force.)

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Heightened Neurological Need for Risk-Taking : A Key Neurological Process in Striving It gives the idea that changes in levels of action of the neurotransmitter dopamine in parts of the juvenile\'s mind can create in these youngsters a relative "reward lack." Translation: For the immature, any pleasurable boost, from music to medications, may should be particularly effective and serious with a specific end goal to pass the pre-adult cerebrum\'s as of late modified ("reward inadequate") edge of intrigue, delight, or fervor. In this manner, many high schoolers\' mission for enterprise, oddity, and hazard may just mirror their endeavors [strivings] to rest easy. Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Case for Authoritative Communities, A Report to the Nation from the Commission on Children at Risk, Institute for American Values, 2003, p. 22 (expansion mine)

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Our Human Journey Involves Three Types of Strivings and Risk-Taking Prefrontal Cortex/Spiritual Brain transpersonal; reason I will do it; conduct upkeep; which means chasing, serving higher self; norepinephrine Limbic-Neocortex/Social Brain interpersonal; how I will do it; conduct control; remunerate looking for, endorsement of others; serotonin Social Risk-Taking Spiritual Risk-Taking Physical Risk-Taking Safe and Nonviolent Risk-Taking is Rooted in Security, Not Insecurity . R-System/Movement Brain intrapersonal; what I will do; conduct actuation; curiosity chasing; dopamine 12

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Takes Time for the Three Brain Systems to Integrate (Safety and Nonviolence are Phenomena of Healthy Brain-Mind Development) Prelogical Operational Logic Post-Operational Age 7 Age 1 Age 4 Age 15 Age 11 Age 21 R-System (senses/physical security) Lower Impulses Limbic System (sentiments/passionate security) Right Hemisphere (inventiveness/government managed savings) Left Hemisphere (acumen/mental security) Cerebellum (facilitates cerebrum frameworks; arranges consideration; connects a lower framework with a higher one) Prefrontal Cortex: Later (amazing quality/otherworldly security) Higher Impulses Prefrontal Cortex: Early (unfurling of one\'s virtuoso; learning and development; moral advancement ) The Biology of Transcendence: A Blueprint of the Human Spirit, Joseph Pearce, 2002, adjusted

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The Prefrontal Cortex: Key to Safety and Peaceful Minds "When a higher neural shape in our mind finishes its development and starts its full capacity, another type of reality and a bigger world unfurl to us and particularly new practices and capacities fill our collection." "Development\'s most recent neural expansion [prefrontal cortex] appears to lie to a great extent torpid inside us regardless of the way that it appears it ought to offer a spasmodically new potential, another reality – a radical new personality ." "If a tyke\'s domain does not outfit the proper jolts expected to initiate prefrontal neurons, the prefrontals can\'t create as outlined." The Biology of Transcendence: A Blueprint of the Human Spirit Joseph Chilton Pearce

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Darwin Theorized Prefrontal Cortex Would Become Dominant (Darwin\'s Lost Theory of Love: A Healing Vision for the New Century, David Loye, 2000 ) MORAL AGENCY Human self-sorting out genius cesses of common guide; higher organizations than normal choice; the dynamo of soul and cognizant decision; cherish/self-greatness Prefrontal Cortex and Cerebellum Moral Sensitivity Neocortex (right and left halves of the globe) Sympathy Reason Higher Limbic System Emotion Social Instincts Pre-Human regular determination and arbitrary variety; survival of fittest; battle for power Lower Limbic System Parental Instincts R-System Physical/Sexual Instincts

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Cultural Evolution is About Safety Becoming More Achievable Not Less Looking to future eras, there is no cause to dread that our social impulses will become weaker, and we may expect that prudent propensities will become more grounded, the battle between our higher and our lower motivations will be less serious, and prudence will be triumphant. Charles Darwin The Descent of Man In a way, school security isn\'t just about "monitoring things," however about the sort of people we can get to be.

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But Here\'s The Big Question Does What We do to Kids Furnish the Kind of Stimulation That Activates Their Prefrontal Neurons?

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The Violentization Cycle: Negative Stimulation Activates R-System to Hijack Higher Systems Brutalization Dominator Model Virulency Belligerency Violent Performance Source: Richard Rhodes as condensed by John Breeding, Ph.D. in True Nature and Great Misunderstandings: On How We Care For Our Children According To Our Own Understanding

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Brutalization: Course or Cruel Treatment First Level : constrained oppression by a specialist or all the more intense individual or framework. Second Level : individual astonishment at seeing others of one\'s gathering oppressed. Third Level : vicious instructing; assi

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