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Slide 1

BRI – Back to the Future Presentation to the FLORIDA FARM TO FUEL SUMMIT Renewable Energy For the 21 st Century

Slide 2

Future Vision: What If We Could Show The Global Community How To… Move toward a world that is all the more provincially vitality free Provide groups with reasonable vitality from renewable assets Reduce reliance on landfills Create a cleaner fuel for autos and trucks

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Technology Partners Parsons Corporation has audited and assessed our innovation and issued a report confirming our attestations in regards to both the innovation and the procedure. www.parsons.com Katzen International will give the procedure plan, productivity, streamlining and specialized backing. www.katzen.com Bio-Engineering Resources, Inc will give the restrictive backing to the bio-synergist frameworks.

Slide 4

Required Project Elements Secure responsibilities for feedstock An interconnection to the electrical matrix for the conveyance of surplus vitality Secure choice for transfer of the fiery debris deposit (around 15% by weight) of the feedstock A site equivalent to roughly 8 sections of land

Slide 5

BRI Technology Produces bioethanol and power from carbon additionally called "carbonaceous feedstock" that can be sourced from: • Agricultural Residues • Distillers Grain (DDG) • Green Waste • Bio-solids & Animal Wastes • Wood Wastes • Municipal Solid Waste • Bio-Diesel "Bottoms" • Refinery Tars & Waste Oils • Used Tires & Plastics • Coal & Other Hydrocarbons A licensed microorganism ingests amalgamation gas (gasified squanders) and transmits immaculate bioethanol

Slide 6

BRI Technology Benefits Consumes 85% of strong waste by changing over the carbon substance of the feedstock Produces steam for mechanical neighbors and applications Generates renewable power Provides a fuel oxygenate to lessen contamination from vehicle outflows by means of ethanol

Slide 7

Bioengineering Resources, Inc. Fayetteville, Arkansas

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Biomass Composition/Conversion by different change advancements Component Wt. % % to EtOH % to EtOH % to EtOH CORN CELLULOSIC BRI Hemicellulose 10 – 25 = 0 0 10 – 25 Cellulose 40 – 60 = 40 – 60 40 – 60 40 – 60 Lignin 10 – 20 = 0 0 10 – 20 Ash 2 – 5 = __ 0__ __ 0__ __ 0__ Total 100% 40 – 60% 40 – 60% 95 – 98%

Slide 9

Yields of Ethanol from Biomass by different change innovations Conversion Process Theoretical Yield (Gal EtOH/Dry Ton) maturation corrosive Biomass Sugars Ethanol 80 chemical aging Biomass Sugars Ethanol 85 impetus Biomass Syngas Ethanol 77 Biocatalyst (BRI Process) Biomass Syngas Ethanol 145

Slide 10

Fermenter

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Distillation

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Gasifier

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Emission Streams Handled By-items Source Ash from Gasifier Cell Purge Gas Scrubber Fermenter Exhaust Solids Liquid Gas Landfill Recycled to Gasifier Wastewater Combusted for Energy

Slide 14

BRI Process Development BRI Process has been produced and protected over a 15 year period by Dr. James L. Gaddy. The BRI Process has effectively been scaled from the research facility to an operational pilot office. Improvement subsidizing has been $10,000,000 private assets and $5,000,000 U.S. DOE awards. BRI Process has recently finished a 24 month ceaseless operations rushed to approve process progression and dependability at the pilot plant.

Slide 15

How Does It Work? The BRI innovation utilizes a warm gasification procedure to "split" complex carbon particles and change them into straightforward carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide The transformed gasses (syngas) is conveyed to a bioreaction aging vessel where the gasses are ingested by the dynamic societies The aftereffect of this metabolic procedure is bioethanol, hydrogen and water A standard refining procedure is utilized to particular the bioethanol from the water

Slide 16

BRI Process Schematic Molecular Sieve Fermenter Gas tidy up and warm recuperation Gasifier Biomass Feedstock 99.5% Anhydrous Ethanol Nutrients 95% Ethanol Ash Steam Power Dilute Distillation Cell Filtration Ethanol Exhaust Gas To Fuel Purge Water Recycle

Slide 17

Patented Micro-Organism Used for Production of Bioethanol Clostridium ljungdahlii Tanner, et. al. , 1993

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What Is Unique About BRI\'s Technology? Diverse feedstocks can be mixed Handles up to 30% dampness content Dry feedstock (Tires & Plastics) can be mixed with wet feedstock to accomplish the 30% dampness constrain The procedure is unscented Can then again create hydrogen

Slide 19

BRI Plants are Modular A solitary plant module will : Process 50,000 tons of carbon and biomass every year Produce 4,000,000 gallons of bioethanol yearly Generate 1.5 MW of overabundance power available to be purchased to the framework Carbon Fuel Bales From MSW

Slide 20

Proven Equipment Plant will utilize demonstrated vitality gear that has been utilized for more than 50 years as a part of the vitality business The refining and maturation hardware is a standard in the worldwide ethanol industry The gear is given by built up organizations and is completely ensured

Slide 21

Who Stands Behind BRI Technology? BRI will remain behind their innovation including support from their suppliers : EPC concurrence with a noteworthy multi-national building firm Process plan ensure from Katzen International (Fermentation & Distillation) Existing gear ensures from the part suppliers (Energy & Gasification)

Slide 22

Benefits of Ethanol as a Fuel Ethanol is routinely mixed at 10% with Gasoline as a Volume extender to decrease fuel importation prerequisites Ethanol is an octane enhancer US experience demonstrates that 10% mixing will diminish vehicle emanations from cars by 21% Ethanol can be mixed at fuel warehouses, conveyed to existing administration stations and compliments the current dispersion framework

Slide 23

Advantages of Gasification-Fermentation Flexible - crude materials might be mixed High Yield - single item - basic detachment Faster Fermentation - littler reactors Complete transfer of natural squanders Accomplishes waste sanitization Available waste warmth

Slide 24

NO … The BRI process does not dirty. The outflows from the gasifier are encouraged to the microorganisms in the aging tank to guarantee all contaminations are wiped out. Does the BRI Process Pollute?

Slide 25

Gasification There are no air emanations from the gasification step. The syngas is dealt with through "cleaning" and enacted carbon filtration and after that nourished straightforwardly to the aging vessels. Power Generation Waste warmth from the cooling of the amalgamation gasses is utilized to make high temperature steam. Syngas staying after the aging stage has high groupings of hydrogen that can be combusted to deliver extra high temperature stream or the hydrogen can be recovered for outside business sectors. Air Emissions

Slide 26

Process Byproducts Ash 5% fiery debris stays from natural material. Inerts or inorganics, for example, metals or glass will stay in the fiery debris for landfilling or reusing. We gauge that the blends of fiery remains from the organics and the inorganics will add up to roughly 15%. Wastewater Syngas is "cleaned" preceding prologue to the aging vessel bringing about a waste water that is dealt with for reusing. Overabundance water is dealt with and reasonable for watering system employments. Air outflows are negligible with low levels of hydrogen and CO2. The hydrogen can be recovered for accessible markets or released. The levels are far underneath U.S. EPA and universal rules.

Slide 27

Fermentation Technology Will : Produce ethanol from privately created carbon rich feedstock got from strong waste and sewage slop Reduce Dependence on Landfills Provide groups with minimal effort renewable power (green influence) Contribute to a cleaner situation Overview of BRI\'s Technology

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In Summary The BRI Energy Process will : Provide naturally responsive techniques for discarding squanders Respond to government commands for the presentation of renewable powers and "green" electric vitality Promote neighborhood vitality and fuel autonomy

Slide 29

BRI Regional Environmental & Energy Solutions For a Global Community

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