Broadband Internet in Korea History, Status, Strategy and Lesson .

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Korean Broadband. 2. Substance. Profile of Internet in KoreaProfile of ApplicationsProfile of Broadband InternetKey Drivers of Broadband GrowthStatus of InfrastructureBroadband Applications/PortalHistory of Korean InternetThrunet Case StudyProblems and IssuesConclusions. Korean Broadband. 3.
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Broadband Internet in Korea (History, Status, Strategy and Lesson) Taipei August 27, 2001 Hyunje Park ( ZooIn.Net, Co., Ltd. Seoul, Korea

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Contents Profile of Internet in Korea Profile of Applications Profile of Broadband Internet Key Drivers of Broadband Growth Status of Infrastructure Broadband Applications/Portal History of Korean Internet Thrunet Case Study Problems and Issues Conclusions Korean Broadband

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Introduction Well-created Physical Infrastructure Liberal and Competitive Telecommunications Providers Killer Applications for Eager and Sophisticated Users Conducive Social, Economic and Political Environment Need to Become Digital Society : for Realization of Full Potential of the Internet. Korean Broadband

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(Unit: 000\'s clients) Sweden 20,930 65% 19,040 Canada 60% 59% US Switzerland 51% 10,860 Singapore 46% 45% Korea Hong Kong 34% 3,103 Japan 33% 366 731 138 1,634 60% 0 10% 20% 30% 40% half \'94 \'95 \'96 \'97 \'98 \'99 \'00 \'01.3 Profile of Internet Users(1) Drastic increment of Internet clients amid the previous 2 years Internet Users: approx. 21million Outlook of Internet Usage by nations Internet benefit propelled The main Broadband Service propelled by Thrunet ※ Source : Ipsos Reid, Internet overview, May. 2001 ※ Source : KRNIC, Mar. 2001 Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Users (2) Users by Type of Access Source : MIC Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Usage (1) Outstanding Internet utilization: subjective & quantitative angles No. of site hits & time spent on-line at home every month Percentage of Internet clients utilizing the sound video and diversion conventions 774 54.1% World Average Korea 9.1 73.9% 8.6% Hong Kong 35.0% 2,164 Korea 4.7% 16.3 Singapore 32.0% 678 5.8% US U.S. 29.5% 10.0 1.9% France 788 25.3% Japan 2.9% 7.9 Denmark 23.0% 0 20% 40% 60% 80% Page see for every individual Connection hours per individual Audio-Video GAMES ※ Source : Nielsen/NetRatings, Mar. 2001 ※ Source: Netvalue, Feb. 2001 Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Usage (2) Top 10 urban communities & nations with most ".com" areas Top 10 destinations by online visits ※Source : NSI(Network Solution Inc.), Dec. 2000 ※ Source : Alexa Research, Sep. 2000 Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Usage by Applications(1) online business (Unit : Million Won) * Estimate Source : KISDI Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Usage by Applications(2) Internet Banking (Cont\'d) <Growth of Internet Banking Users (Bank of Korea, April 23, 2001)> Korean Broadband

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Profile of Internet Usage by Applications(3) Internet Market Internet Advertising Source : Samsung Economic Research Institute Internet Game * Estimate Source : Korea Entertainment System Industry Association (Unit : 100 Million Won) (Unit : 100 Million Won) Korean Broadband

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Profile of Broadband Internet Usage Rapid increment of supporters No. of broadband endorsers % of Internet HH associating by means of broadband ( Unit: 000 Subscribers) 6,000 Korea 57.3% 6,250 11.1% US 5,000 8.1% Hong Kong 3,870 4,000 7.1% Singapore 2,679 3,000 6.0% France 2,000 1,555 5.8% Denmark 649 1,000 5.0% Germany 272 3.1% 0 UK \'01 6 \'99 12 \'00 3 \'00 6 \'00 9 \'00 12 ※ Source: Ministry of Information & Communication of Korea (MIC) ※ Source: Netvalue, Mar. 2001 Korean Broadband

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Profile of Broadband Internet Usage(2)30 Dominance of ADSL in broadband Internet get to advertise Broadband clients by last mile advances, US & Japan (At year-end 2000) (Unit: 000 Subscribers) 3,500 ADSL (55%) U.S.A 3,000 2,500 CATV (32%) 2,000 1,500 JAPAN Others (13%) 1,000 500 0 `98 `99 `00 `01.5 ※ Source : MIC, KRNIC ※ Source: Korea Information Society Development Institute (KISDI) Korean Broadband

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Key Drivers of Broadband Growth Introduction of reasonable rivalry Well-created physical foundation Always-on administration for just US$ 30 every month Informed, energetic and refined clients Increase in utilization of mixed media substance and system recreations High urban thickness and local location Promotion of IT industry Driving power from pioneers Rapid expansion of PC bistros Korean Broadband

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Introduction of Fair Competition

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Introduction of Fair Competition Telecommunications deregulation makes enormous development open door for new market participants in 90s. Restraining infrastructure by Korea Telecom in mid 90s moderated adjustment of ISDN. The administration quality has been enhancing with sharp rivalry between KT, Hanaro, Thrunet and so on.. Presentation of different broadband get to advances Extension of administration territory The fall of the value The change of administration quality Korean Broadband

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High-speed Internet Access by Companies Cable Modem : 10 Mbps ADSL : Downstream (1.5 ~ 8 Mbps) Upstream (16 ~ 640 Kbps) < High-Speed Access Service Subscribers (Mar., 2001) > Source : MIC Korean Broadband

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Speed of Broadband Internet < Speed test > Source: Thrunet Korean Broadband

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Physical Infrastructure

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Physical Infrastructure Multiple across the country fiber optics links Korea Telecom Korea Electric Power Co.. Reason for Thrunet, Hanaro, and Powercom Korea Gas Co and Korea Road Co Basis for Dreamline and GNG Construction of Optical Internet in light of physical dim strands in 2000 Korean Broadband

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Physical Infrastructure Backbone is created by a few foundation organizations Status of Fiber Optic links (source:Thrunet, 2000) Korean Broadband

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Physical Infrastructure electric pipe, a steel tower, electric post Source: Thrunet(March 1998) To utilize a fundamental fac ilities of correspondence net 2450Km electric pipe of and 5,800,000 electric shaft In the entire nation 100% fiber optics system is Makes of 2,000 Optical Node. Korean Broadband

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Information Superhighway (1) first Stage (1995~1997) Optical Network in 80 Urban Centers ATM Testbed Exchange Network second Stage (1998~2000) Nationwide Service of ATM Network (July, 2000) Nationwide Optical Network (Dec., 2000; 155 Mbps ~ 5 Gbps) third Stage (2002~): Plan being settled <The Status of Infrastructure Implementation> Korean Broadband

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철원 속초 화천 양구 양양 인제 파주 춘천 강릉 홍천 양평 서울 횡성 동해 정선 인천 평창 원주 울릉 삼척 영월 태백 수원 제천 충주 울진 단양 봉화 음성 영주 괴산 안성 진천 당진 천안 아산 예천 안동 서산 영양 문경 청주 예산 연기 보은 홍성 상주 공주 청송 영덕 의성 청양 보령 군위 대전 부여 옥천 영동 서천 논산 구미 왜관 금산 익산 김천 영천 포항 대구 성주 군산 무주 경주 진안 전주 김제 거창 고령 청도 장수 울산 부안 임실 합천 함양 밀양 양산 창녕 정읍 산청 남원 순창 고창 담양 함안 김해 의령 마산 곡성 장성 부산 영광 구례 진주 진해 광주 함평 광양 사천 하동 고성 무안 나주 화순 순천 통영 거제 남해 여수 목포 영암 보성 고흥 장흥 강진 진도 해남 완도 제주 Information Superhighway (2) 연천 포천 가평 의정부 고양 김포 구리 광주 안양 성남 여주 이천 안산 화성 용인 평택 범 례 622M - 5Gbps (12) Node 155M - 622Mbps Access Point(132) 성산 ○ 포 Korean Broadband

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Uijeongbu KIST Sungdong Kangreung YWCA Kangdong Mok-dong Suyoo SKT Pyongchang Donghae Guro S. Seoul T/C KEPCO Samsung-dong Kangwon SKT Yangpyong Shinsegi South Inchon D/O Borame SKT Thrunet HQ Wonju Taebaek Inchon SKT Jooan Bundang Icheon Anyang Shinsegi Yongwol Thrunet hub (DWDM 80G) Suwon Jechon Taejon SKT Pyongtaek Chungju Taejon #2 Cheonan Taejon Shinsegi Chungju Taegu #2 Thrunet hub (2.5G) Taegu Shinsegi Taejon #1 Gumi Pohang Taegu SKT Customer hub (2.5G) Taegu #1 Ulsan Jeonju Kwangju Shinsegi Masan Pusan #1 Kwangju #1 Jinju Suncheon Pusan SKT Kwangju #2 Powercomm hub (2.5G) Pusan Shisegi Kwangju SKT Pusan #2 Thrunet Network Basic spine links were rented from KEPCO, SK, and GNG. Neighborhood Network : Owns 30,000 Km fiber optic system in metropolitan zones Thrunet HFC Network SK Telecom Fiber Optic Core Rental : 1,781km GNG Networks Fiber Optic Core Rental : 524km Korean Broadband

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Optical Internet of Thrunet in 2000 서울 DC 노원 동대문 동부 동서울 경기북부 신당 중앙 용산 속초 양천 의정부 서초 강릉 횡성 문산 서서울 한강 나라 강남 일산 … . 송파 춘천 강서 북인천 강동 관악 원주 남동 서인천 영월 인천 RDC 남인천 서해 원주 RDC 광명 부천 한빛 경기남부 용인 안양 분당 이천 기남 평택 충주 김천 영주 태안 진천 청주 영남 안동 동구 구미 문경 대전 RDC 대구 RDC 금호 푸른 경북 포항 수성 전주 RDC 동구 대구 서구 울산 남원 익산 금강 중구 진구 북구 기장 군산 김제 범진 정읍 동남 부산 RDC 해운대 진주 부산 S 서경 마산 금정 광주 RDC 부산 H 중부산 중구 창원 경남 서부산 Index 남구 목포 서광주 낙동 principle (DC, RDC): 8 Old SO,H/E(\'99): 38 New SO,H/E(\'00): 46(10) trunk (2.5G, 1G, 622M) 제주 circuit (OC12, OC3,T3) 서귀 Korean Broadband

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Access Network KT Houses of over 90% of real urban areas is situated in 3.5Km from Central workplaces. KT keeps up 20-30% of phone lines each year. Satellite TV by KT and KEPCO Cable TV home pass proportion is 60%, 8.02million of 13.37 million family unit 55% of 8.02 million home pass is bi-directional(KEPCO region) Extension of get to systems by broadband ISPs utilizing seed of KEPCO and other\'s links: Thrunet and Hanaro Korean Broadband

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속초 춘천 동두천 강�

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