Byzantine & Islamic Timeline 527 Justinian and Theodora start lead 642 Islam starts extension 632-655 First Conquests (Syria, Persian Empire, Egypt) 655-661 Islamic Civil War: Umayyads versus Ali (Sunni versus Shia) 661-750 Second Conquests (North Africa, Spain) 732 Islamic extension closes with clash of ToursSlide 2
Main ideas Roman arrangement of government - laws, organizations Christian country Bureaucracy Greek based domain ensures Europe.Slide 4
Roman Resurgence Until 527 the Roman Empire was declining socially, militarily and topographically.Slide 5
Byzantine world 526 CESlide 6
Roman Resurgence Reign of Justinian and Theodora recovery of lost regionsSlide 7
Reconquests of JustinianSlide 8
Roman Resurgence Reign of Justinian and Theodora Code Justinian last Latin speaking Emperor assembles the Church of the Holy Vision (Hagia Sophia).Slide 9
Mosaic of Justinian and Bishop of RavennaSlide 10
Theodora and her orderliesSlide 11
Hagia Sophia - outsideSlide 12
Floor PlanSlide 13
Hagia SophiaSlide 14
Hagia SophiaSlide 15
Mosaics on second floorSlide 16
Decline after Justinian Conquests and maladies leave realm debilitated by wars assaults from the steppe (Bulgars and Avars) intrusion from Arabia in 634 CE (loss of Syria, Palestine, Egypt and North Africa) attack from loss of Italian and Spanish regions debilitated by religious discussions.Slide 17
Religion Iconography Patriarch Greek Orthodox church as shelter otherworldly, yet not open to advancement. Our Lady of Vladimir - IconSlide 18
Religion Role of Christianity Emperor profoundly included in religious issues ministers and cloisters bring together the realm: part of Emperor can tear separated the domain - iconoclasm evangelists.Slide 19
Sample ninth-twelfth century Icons St. John St. Thomas St. PhilipSlide 20
Religion 9 th century Byzantium comes back to utilization of symbols Opened a genuine rupture amongst East and West Led to reestablished accentuation on Orthodox confidence as key to political solidaritySlide 21
Bureaucracy Greek fire and significance of exchange Use of Greek fire against Umayyid naval forceSlide 22
Bureaucracy Sources of solidness Internal political history, the tale of viciousness and castle revolts Efficient bureaucratic practices Education and religion Economic action The armed force and naval force Sound financial base Role of Constantinople as exchange emporium AgricultureSlide 23
Bureaucracy government oversees economy - compensation, costs, employments restraining infrastructure on silk from the Chinese domain makes Bzyantine state richSlide 24
Silk TradeSlide 25
Artwork New Testament Illustration Gold marriage ringSlide 26
Artwork Diptych Justinian-style CrossSlide 27
Bureaucracy Byzantine culture Preserved old Greek legacy Greek thought Revered Plato and Thucydides Aristotle respected with less premium Neglected Greek logical and scientific custom Preservation as opposed to advancement the sign of Byzantine elegance Education stretched out to both men and ladies Art and engineering Church of Santa Sophia (Holy Wisdom)Slide 28
Protects Europe Byzantium and the Western Christian world Growing religious pressures Sack of Constantinople by crusading armed forces (1204) Legacy toward the West Bulwark against Islam Preserved an autonomous and Christian West Preservation of traditional writing Art and designSlide 29
Muhammad (571-632) Born into lesser branch of one of Mecca\'s driving families has a supernatural affair - turns into a prophet 622 escapes from Mecca to Medina - known as Hijra - year 1 in Islamic schedule Begins victories 630 Mecca submits 632 rest of Arabia does too.Slide 31
Arabia in Mohammed\'s LifetimeSlide 32
The Growth of Islam The Religious lessons of Islam signifies "accommodation" Allah—the Creator God Almighty Muhammad as the last and most prominent prophet Practical strides for salvation and the Qur\'an Islam, Christianity, and Judaism Jesus was a prophet yet was not the child of God Old and New Testaments as supernaturally motivated Islam as a lifestyle—no ceremonies or ministrySlide 33
Koran (Qur\'an) God\'s correspondence straightforwardly with Mohammed - keep going of a long line of prophets extreme expert on otherworldly and common matters regards, yet supersedes Old and New TestamentsSlide 34
Five Pillars of Faith God would guarantee all of interminable salvation in the event that they drove upright, calm lives and took after the five statutes of Islam "There is no God however Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet." supplicate 5 times each day quick amid month of Ramadan give liberal aid journey to Mecca 6th - yet not an ordered - battle to extend and ensure the group - this is the place the idea of jihad shows.Slide 35
stupendous mosque_UT0067644.jpgSlide 36
First Conquests Muhammad disallowed fighting against different Muslims bound together area assaults the debilitated Sassanid (Persian) and Byzantine Empires achievement prompts to regional acquisitions Syria and Egypt hate Byzantine religion - don\'t set up much battle 636 annihilation of Byzantine armed force 637 thrashing of Sassanid armed force development (see outline).Slide 37
Expansion of IslamSlide 38
Civil War (655-661) Conflict over who might lead the bound together religious/political domain (caliphate) Ali, cousin and child in law of Muhammad (Shi\'ites) Umayyad (capable family in Mecca) (Sunnis) Umayyads win and move funding to Damascus.Slide 39
Abbasids (750-1258) Period of enormous transformation to Islam among vanquished individuals (not allowed in most punctual years) move of funding to Baghdad - move concentrate east venture into India and East Indies changing part of ladies "Brilliant Age" of Islam.Slide 40
Scientific Practices Building upon traditional learning of the Greco-Roman world union of gaining from Greece, Rome, Persia and India - establishing of the House of Wisdom simply because of Islam were the works of the Greeks saved time of huge social accomplishment design, craftsmanship, verse, medication, space science.Slide 41
Conversion Normally Muslim pioneers did not oppress Christians and Jews (a few exemptions) they administered tax collection rising social quality draws in transformation. Rate of Final Muslim Population YearSlide 42
Islamic Culture Muslim society and culture, 900–1250 Cosmopolitan and element society At Baghdad and Cordoba, vocations were interested in those with ability Treatment of ladies The Qur\'an permitted a man four spouses The array of mistressesSlide 43
Art Fusion of many societies empowers numerous manifestations Limitation on imaginative headings fuse and change of existing craftsmanship sorts.Slide 45
Abbasid Decline Disintegration of realm starts Spain (Umayyad), Egypt, Syria and eastern Persia break free 1055 vanquished by Seljuk Turks time of battling between other Muslim kingdoms decay concurs with the Crusades.Slide 46
Islam at the year 1000Slide 47
Impact of the Islamic World The effect of early Islamic progress on Europe Economics and innovation Greek philosophical and logical information Preservation and elucidation of the works of Aristotle
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