Capital punishment .


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Death Penalty. Outline. 1. Dead Man Walking. 2. The morality of punishment. 3. Death Penalty and Deterrence. 4. Death Penalty and Human Dignity. Outline. 1. Dead Man Walking. 2. The morality of punishment. 3. Death Penalty and Deterrence. 4. Death Penalty and Human Dignity.
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Capital punishment Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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Outline 1. Dead Man Walking 2. The profound quality of discipline 3. Capital punishment and Deterrence 4. Capital punishment and Human Dignity

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Outline 1. Dead Man Walking 2. The ethical quality of discipline 3. Capital punishment and Deterrence 4. Capital punishment and Human Dignity

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Dead Man Walking View of people Views on Death Penalty

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Outline 1. Dead Man Walking 2. The ethical quality of discipline 3. Capital punishment and Deterrence 4. Capital punishment and Human Dignity

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The Morality of Punishment Four methods for legitimizing discipline: Retribution Deterrence Rehabilitation Reconciliation DUTY THEORIES UTILITARIANISM

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The Morality of Punishment: Utilitarianism Punishment and improving the world a spot for everyone concerned: (U) Punishing a criminal is correct in light of the fact that it has advantageous results, specifically, that less violations will be executed. Conditions for a fair – i.e. proficient – discipline: (U1) Applied reliably (U2) Applied rapidly Example: Cheating

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The Morality of Punishment: Duty Theory Retribution and Respect: (DT) Punishing a criminal is correct on the grounds that it is the main route in which we can regard her as a sound, independent operator Two Principles for an equitable discipline: (DT1) Punish just the blameworthy (DT2) Punish in extent to the offense: lex talionis Ex: taking

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The Morality of Punishment: Conclusion  Application: to what degree is capital punishment defended?

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Outline 1. Dead Man Walking 2. The ethical quality of discipline 3. Capital punishment and Deterrence 4. Capital punishment and Human Dignity

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Death Penalty and Deterrence The Facts: At best not decisive: - Social Studies: Some contend that it spares lives/Some contend that the quantity of capital wrongdoings increments after an execution - Checking for ourselves Compare Canada/France and US Compare North and South Dakota  Whether or not capital punishment serves as a decent obstacle is a long way from clear

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Death Penalty and Deterrence The Arguments Bedau : A discipline is just, i.e. powerful as obstacle, just if: (U1) Applied reliably (U2) Applied rapidly (U3) The wrongdoings are thought  What about cases including capital punishment?

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Death Penalty and Deterrence More Facts (U1) damaged: Unfair Distribution Race/Gender/Wealth (U2) disregarded: Extremely long methodology And for good reasons! (U3) abused: Most murders are not pondered Passion/Accident  Death Penalty can\'t be a decent hindrance Death Penalty is wrong from an utilitarian perspective

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Death Penalty and Deterrence The Arguments Van cave Haag\'s answer on out of line conveyance : That a discipline is unjustifiably disseminated does not make the discipline uncalled for: It is constantly just to rebuff the liable – Guilt is close to home! Van cave Haag\'s general answer on discouragement : Admits that there is no definitive confirmation But guarantees this is not the point!  Can Death Penalty be defended from a Kantian perspective?

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Outline 1. Dead Man Walking 2. The profound quality of discipline 3. Capital punishment and Deterrence 4. Capital punishment and Human Dignity

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Argument Van cave Haag: "Execution, when merited, is required for the convict\'s nobility " Reminder: Two Principles for a fair discipline: (DT1) Punish just the liable (DT2) Punish in extent to the offense: lex talionis  How does Death Penalty do with respect to such standards?

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Facts about Wrongful Convictions Facts: 245 post-conviction DNA absolutions since 1989

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Arguments on Wrongful Convictions Bedau : Because mistakes are inescapable, we ought not make a difference any irreversible discipline Van lair Haag\'s answer : SO BE IT! The ethical advantages will exceed the expense of innocents\' being executed  Van nook Haag: a few crooks merit capital punishment.

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Significance of the Lex Talionis Understanding the lex talionis: Two elucidations: (I1) A size of disciplines, comparing to a size of offenses (I2) Exact pay back? (I2) can\'t be valid: Raping the attacker? Slaughtering all the relatives of the person who killed the group of somebody? Slaughtering a whole group… ?  The Lex Talionis is around a SCALE, not about accurate payback.

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Significance of the Lex Talionis What ought to be the maximum furthest reaches of the scale ? Difficult Death? Non-difficult Death? Life sentence? 30 years? 20 years?  Duty Theory does not let us know!  Duty Theory does not legitimize capital punishment

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Death Penalty and Human Dignity The Moral Integrity of the Executioners Appeal to temperance morals : What sort of individual would we like to be? What sort of discipline makes us lose our ethical trustworthiness?  There is probably dreadful individuals merit terrible treatment. Yet, what sort of discipline would we like to be in charge of?

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Outline CONCLUSION !

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Conclusion: Is Death Penalty ethically right? 1. From the perspective of Utilitarianism: There is no persuading proof or contention that applying capital punishment has advantageous results: - Unfair dissemination - Slow systems - No deliberation more often than not

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Conclusion: Is Death Penalty ethically right? 2. From the perspective of Duty Theory Duty Theory does not bolster capital punishment either: - Problem of Wrongful Convictions - Duty Theory legitimizes that a proportionate discipline be connected, however does not inform us regarding what the most elevated amount discipline ought to be Your call!

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