Charles 1625-1640.

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Parliament and Charles . C required
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Charles 1625-1640

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Parliament and Charles C required £1m to subsidize the war with Spain first Parl met June 1625. C declined to clarify his position. H of C conceded £140,000 and tonnage and poundage (traditions charge) for one year just – not the rulers lifetime – this was against custom.

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Parliamentary discontent as they felt the recusancy (hostile to catholic) laws were not adequately actualized, prompted to C dissolving Parl in 1625. Buckingham was assaulted in Parl in view of his outside strategy failings – reprimand was requested (at exactly that point would parl give C the vast majority of the cash he requested - £300,000). C chose to ensure his most loved by dissolving his second Parl (1626).

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C\'s notoriety harmed by move he made without Parl - he issued a constrained credit identical to 5 sponsorships (1627 Nov – Five Knights Case – maintained the lord\'s entitlement to detain without trial the individuals who didn\'t pay for this situation). C likewise guaranteed he had the privilege to detain individuals without giving some other cause aside from \'reasons of state\'. Additionally utilized ship cash to pick up income – extremely disagreeable.

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MP\'s drew up " Petition of Right " to challenge C\'s exercises Under risk of more procedures against Buckingham, C consented to the Petition; C concedes his activities have been unlawful. Buckingham killed – C loses partner (additionally issue) But the Pet of R constrained in what it included so C did not need to surrender his entitlement to raise cash without Parl\'s assent.

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C additionally in a bad position for favors to "Arminians" (hostile to Calvinists) - for instance elevating Laud to Bishop of London 1628. Pressures expanded amongst C and Parl and Parl was broken up (1628). Do you comprehend what is implied by Arminianism?

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Personal Rule 1629-40 " Eleven years of oppression\'? Supreme Monarchy? Transitory measure?

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Religion J had looked after E\'s \'expansive church\' – \'by means of media\' - C and Laud were obliterating it – Puritans considered Laud to be a Cath (in spite of the fact that he wasn\'t) – fears of Cath absolutism – C did nothing to ease fears – kept on agreeing with the counter Calvinists (and his significant other was a Cath).

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William Laud – responsible for the Church from 1628 (ecclesiastical overseer 1633) - selected priests who might authorize his thoughts: to reestablish the \'excellence of sacredness\' to chapel administrations – service and position of the holy place and so on – this apparently was extremely Cath by numerous. to raise the instructive level of area ministry and reestablish the force of the congregation (versus the nobility) - needed to raise the status of the church to \'equivalent any respectable man in England\'. – this irritated the nobility advance

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Laud was not RC – but rather was not hostile to RC. Refused a position offered by Pope yet simply because he questioned \'Rome as it is\' – seen as a frail revilement of the RC church. Praise additionally had confidence in the celestial right (force of the ruler) and was vital to C amid the time of Personal run the show.

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Star Chamber and High Commission were regal courts (which Laud sat in) used to authorize Laudian approaches – seen as an approach to assault the upper class. Acclaimed illustration - Case of Burton, Prynne & Bastwick 1637 - puritan pamphleteers – honorable men however treated like regular crooks – lost both ears, £5000 fine, pilloried, life detainment.

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Finance C required better approaches for raising cash since he was administering without Parl. C made peace with France in 1630 and Spain in 1631; Crown obligations decreased in 1630s.

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C raised cash by: Forest fines – fines for living in imperial timberlands Fines for \'distraint of knighthoods " – ie denying them. They had been sold under James for £30 such a large number of upper class felt they were not worth having Monopolies – returned notwithstanding being canceled in 1624 Plantations – eg 1632 the City of London is fined for not discovering Protestant families to move over to Ireland \'Send cash\' expanded – beach front towns had been required to pay for boats (for assurance against privateers). From 1635 this connected to all areas – this was new to inland districts and it was a perpetual duty surprisingly (beforehand a crisis impose just) – exceedingly disliked! \'Hampden\'s Case 1637 – declined to pay send cash. Judges agreed with C – however just barely.

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