Climate Briefings.


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http://www.weather.gov/estimates/graphical/parts/index.php ... No huge climate expected unless get to be across the board and thick. Towering Cumulus. Cloud ...
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Climate Briefings Minnesota Balloon Association April 8, 2006 Brad Temeyer Brad.Temeyer@noaa.gov

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Goals of Presentation Show you different arrangements an estimate can be shown Show you a portion of the apparatuses meteorologists or FAA flight briefers use in setting up a preparation Teach you how to recognize a quickly evolving air

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http://www.weather.gov

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http://www.weather.gov/conjectures/graphical/areas

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Grid Forecasts Allows for more exact "point" figures Separate lattices for: Temp (Max, Min, Hourly) Dew point Wind (heading and speed) Weather conditions Sky Cover Precipitation Probability QPF Can be separated into littler time increases than "today" and "this evening" http://www.weather.gov/gauges/graphical/divisions/index.php

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http://www.weather.gov

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http://www.crh.noaa.gov/mpx or http://www.weather.gov

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Tabular Forecast

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http://www.crh.noaa.gov/fsd or http://www.weather.gov

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Activity Planner

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Activity Planner

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Local Aviation Forecasts http://www.crh.noaa.gov/arx or http://www.weather.gov

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Hot Air Balloon Forecasts-Rochester, MN

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Surface Observations Temperature (F)- upper left hand corner Weather image focus left hand site Dew point (F) – bring down left hand corner Cloud spread – focus circle Wind bearing and speed-spike stretching out from circle Atmospheric weight (SL to closest tenth of millibar)- upper right hand corner METAR KMSN 111453Z AUTO 13014KT 4SM BR BKN015 18/14 A2961 RMK AO2 SLP027 T01780144

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Observations H L http://www.rap.ucar.edu/climate/surface

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Satellites and Radar

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Satellites-Visible Imagery Visible-measures reflected sun powered vitality Works simply like a camera-useless during the evening Brightest mists demonstrate high centralizations of particles (e.g. ice and water vapor)

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Satellite-Infrared Imagery Infrared-measure cloud top temperature Enhances coldest temperatures Only measure most astounding mists in a layer

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Satellite-Water Vapor Water Vapor-shows measure of water vapor in climate Aid in distinguishing upper level aggravations in environment

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VAD Wind Profiler

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Wind Profilers

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Atmospheric Soundings http://www.rap.ucar.edu/climate/upper

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ACARS

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BUFKIT http://www.erh.noaa.gov/buf/bufkit/bufkit.html

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Model Plots http://www.rap.ucar.edu/climate/models

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TAFs TAF-Terminal aerodrome conjecture Issued for a five mile span territory encompassing the air terminal Surface wind (course, speed, blasts) Visibility Weather (if necessary) Obstruction to perceivability (if necessary) Sky spread, cloud statures Non-convective low level wind shear Can give you a ballpark thought of what\'s in store

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Cloud Clues

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Cirrus 20000 ft+ agl Cause radiances around sun or moon Can imply methodology of an unsettling influence Appears splendid on infrared satellite, dull on noticeable

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Altocumulus ~15,000 ft agl Indicate insecure air on high Can be an antecedent to rainstorm advancement when seen at a young hour in the day

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Stratocumulus Develop 5,000 to 8,000 ft agl Little vertical improvement Form commonly at the highest point of blended layer close surface No noteworthy climate expected unless get to be across the board and thick

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Towering Cumulus Cloud bases normally happen around 5,000-8,000 ft agl Signify a generally profound shaky layer creating updraft-electrical storm potential If cloud breakdown, could deliver surge

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Cumulonimbus Thunderstorm Clouds All serious climate sorts are conceivable Good thought to keep feet on the ground

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Downdrafts Rain falls into dry layer close surface and dissipates Evaporated downpour, i.e. Virga can improve downdrafts Outflow limits Outflow from electrical storms can travel 50+ miles far from a rainstorm, creating sudden wind shear

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Mammatus Pouch like mists Indicate extreme turbulence and wind shear

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