Far reaching Exam Review (contâd.) Click the LEFT mouse key ONCE to proceedSlide 2
Cultural and Social Foundations Part 2 Click the LEFT mouse key ONCE to proceedSlide 3
African/Black AmericansSlide 4
African/Black Americans have a long history in the U.S., dating to the early settlement of the southern provinces when they were transported in as slave work. Denied of flexibility and training, African/Black Americans added to an in number oral custom that still exists.Slide 5
Even with the coming of liberation in 1865, the sheer quality of auxiliary bigotry avoided African/Black Americans from getting to foundations, organizations, and occupations open to subjects of European plummet. It was not until the section of social equality enactment in the 1960s that African/Black Americans legitimately could enter open offices, wed whom they picked, and vote in all states.Slide 6
African/Black Americans constitute give or take 12% of the U.S. populace. Female African/Black Americans tend to have higher work rates than guys, for whom the male job point of preference found in different gatherings does not have any significant bearing. Less African/Black American couples wed and stay wedded than some other racial/ethnic gathering.Slide 7
African/Black American families regularly incorporate a few eras, relatives outside the prompt family, and companions. African/Black Americans are underrepre-sented in the sciences and overrepresented in low paying, human administration occupations. Despite the fact that pride in work is a typical quality, white collar class African/Black Americans are less well off than their associates in different gatherings.Slide 8
Other real attributes of the African/Black American social gathering include: talking different rationalistic types of English; accentuation on nonverbal correspondence; field touchy understanding of occasions; vicinity of otherworldly systems in the group;Slide 9
utilizing either furious or blunted influence with individuals from the macroculture; solid feeling of mutual legacy, shared characteristic, and collaboration; activity introduction with spotlight on transient objectives; and aggregate affectability to foul play and dis-crimination.Slide 10
Common displaying social and psychological well-being issues of African/Black Americans include: physical challenges (hypertension) connected with inordinate passionate control; self-regard issues identified with the powerlessness to satisfy societal parts normally expected of guys; issues of animosity;Slide 11
medication and liquor reliance, conceivably coming about because of a feeling of societal distance and bigotry. African/Black Americans by and large don\'t look for directing and, when they do, they have a tendency to end rashly.Slide 12
Asian AmericansSlide 13
Asian Americans in the U.S. have their inceptions in Korea, Japan, China, and Southeast Asia. As a gathering, Asian Americans tend to show a bimodal financial circulation in which an extensive number are profoundly taught and monetarily fruitful and others are greatly poor and uneducated.Slide 14
Asian Americans are overrepresented in specialized and exploratory occupations and underrepresented in supervisory and administrative occupations. Asian American families tend to have couple of kids and frequently incorporate senior citizens in the family unit. Asian American moms may hold solid control over their youngsters, even into adulthood.Slide 15
Spirituality for some first and second era Asian Americans may incorporate witchcraft, precursor love, herbalism, and faith in devilish ownership. Social attributes of Asian Americans may include: a need on dutiful devotion, concordant re-lationships, and admiration for senior citizens; a happiness and valuation for an inactive, pensive way of life;Slide 16
energy about the temperances of control, modesty, and tolerance; an accentuation on scholarly/instructive arrangement and improvement. Asian Americans tend to see psychological well-being as far as congruous connections among relatives and with the soul world. Disharmony results in physical sickness and is thought to be remediated by the intercession of a shaman, botanist, or healer.Slide 17
Counseling does not exist in the conventional Asian (American) casing of reference. Guides can hope to experience Asian Americans basically in school advising focuses or through social welfare organizations.Slide 18
Common social and psychological well-being issues of Asian Americans include: misery brought on by the disappointment of youngsters to adequately satisfy their less acculturated folks; absence of social abilities and instructive aptitudes important to âfit inâ or succeed in the macroculture;Slide 19
dialect obstructions; destitution; and struggle between old world traditions and macroculture assumptions with respect to tyke raising, mishandle, and/or disregard.Slide 20
Hispanic/Latino AmericansSlide 21
Hispanic/Latino Americans can indicate North, South, or Central America and in addition Spain for their inceptions. More than 90% of Hispanic/Latino Americans in the U.S. have their roots in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, or South America.Slide 22
Hispanic/Latino Americans are viewed as multiracial in light of the fact that they speak to the recorded mixing of the local people groups of the Americas with Europeans and Africans. The shared factor among Hispanics and Latinos, paying little respect to nationality, is a history including the Spanish dialect.Slide 23
Hispanic/Latino Americans ordinarily wed and have youngsters at a prior age than other racial/ethnic gatherings. As a gathering, Hispanic/Latino Americans have more prominent conjugal security than different gatherings, less separates, and a higher rate of two guardian family units. Hispanic/Latino Americans additionally have the most elevated conception rate of all major social gatherings.Slide 24
Largely due to this high conception rate, the rate of American culture made up of Hispanic/Latino Americans is becoming quickly. A prevalence of Latinos practice Roman Catholicism. Hispanic/Latino Americans as a gathering have the most minimal instruction and compensation levels of the major social gatherings; around half don\'t have secondary school confirmations.Slide 25
Hispanic/Latino Americans are over-spoken to in low status, low wage, and declining occupations, for example, machine administrators and family unit laborers, and are underrepresented in the investigative, specialized, and restorative fields. Hispanic/Latino Americans have a tendency to dwell in urban ranges, and an extraordinary extent live in only two states: California and Texas.Slide 26
Cultural qualities of Hispanic/Latino Americans include: an activity arranged, pragmatic way to deal with critical thinking; unquestioning acknowledgment of parental and senior power; accentuation on persisting, benevolence, ethical quality, and reliance (females);Slide 27
accentuation on virility, forceful sexual conduct, and power over ladies and kids (guys); and high esteem is put on work. Basic issues inside of the Hispanic/Latino American social gathering include: clashing social requests from different gatherings;Slide 28
sentiments of traitorousness when moving far from family; clashes in interethnic relational unions, especially sentiments of inadequacy to companion; high school pregnancy; and posse enrollment, roughness, and criminal conduct.Slide 29
Native AmericansSlide 30
The Native American social gatherings allude to individuals whose progenitors populated the ranges now known as The United States of America before the entry of European pioneers. Local Americans further self-characterize by tribal association.Slide 31
Often, persons self-distinguishing as individuals from another major social gathering will likewise guarantee Native American legacy. Local Americans have a tendency to live in neediness, particularly on the reservations. They have a high separate rate and the most elevated unem-ployment rate of all major social gatherings.Slide 32
Among Native Americans, men have essentially higher status than ladies. Family interruption of various sorts, kid manhandle and disregard, destitution, school drop out, and high unemployment rates are pervasive among Native Americans. Not very many Native Americans consider them-selves individuals from the white collar class.Slide 33
Characteristics of Native American society include: accentuation on the aggregate prosperity of the group; doubt of persons outside the group or tribe; the instructing of good sportsmanship, self-control, and modesty;Slide 34
a position of acknowledgment, reliance, and inactivity in issue circumstances; information of English and a local dialect; accentuation on quick, down to earth, fleeting activities to satisfy needs or needs; an adaptable way to deal with time; compulsory cordiality for all;Slide 35
a hesitance to lead, contend, or to show feeling; staying away from direct eye contact as an indication of appreciation; and seeing the macroculture as the oppressor.Slide 36
(Native American) Indian religion depends on the tribeâs keeping up a concordant association with nature. A Native Americanâs issues are considered issues of the group, not the individual, and a consequence of breaking a forbidden. A shaman can utilize a mending function to restore concordance, however reflective intercessions have no spot in Native conventions.Slide 37
Common issues found in the Native American society include: issues (e.g., unemployment) brought on by geographic confinement; liquor abuse and medication habit; family savagery; tyke mishandle and disregard; sentiments of unfaithfulness after leaving the booking for training or job opportunities.Slide 38
Cross-Cultural CounselingSlide 39
Individual, Family, and Group Strategies All human connections are multifaceted to the extent that persons contrast by age, financial status, sexual orientation, way of life, and alliance. Adapting more around oneâs own way of life than is usually needed is an initial move toward comprehension the premise of different societies.Slide 40
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