World History Comprehensive Review UnitSlide 2
Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome Democratic thoughts first create in Greece in constrained conform to 500 B.C. The idea of an immediate vote based system is created around 450 B.C. by the Greeks ruler Pericles. Rome builds up the possibility of the republic and records reasonable, fair laws, setting up the possibility of an "administration of laws, not of men."Slide 3
Judeo-Christian Tradition Judaism advances individuals are in charge of settling on good decisions and for battling against destitution and shamefulness. Christianity advances the possibility of balance which is vital to majority rule government. The Renaissance and the Reformation advance the thoughts of independence and of testing dictator organizations.Slide 4
Democratic Developments in England The Magna Carta limits the force of lords and advances singular rights. The Parliament first creates in the late 13 th century and becomes more grounded throughout the following four years. As Parliament increases quality, England turns into a sacred government.Slide 5
The Enlightenment and Democratic Revolutions The thoughts of Enlightenment masterminds Hobbes, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesquieu add to the ascent of majority rule standards. They rouse the ascent of majority rule government in America and France. The battle for majority rule government proceeds with today.Slide 6
Overview The ascent of popularity based thoughts has taken a great many years, starting with the old Greeks and with the ascent of Judaism and Christianity. Today, fair foundations proceed to develop and spread all through the world.Slide 7
European Renaissance and Reformation Key IdeasSlide 8
Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The Renaissance, a time of scholarly and aesthetic inventiveness, prospers in Italy, starting around 1300. Flexible craftsmen change painting, model, and writing.Slide 9
The Northern Renaissance In the 1400\'s, Renaissance thoughts spread to northern Europe, where German and Flemish experts make unmistakable show-stoppers. The books of northern Renaissance journalists and thinkers turn out to be broadly accessible as a result of the development of the printing press.Slide 10
Luther Starts the Reformation Martin Luther, a German friar, challenges the specialist of eh Catholic Church and triggers the Reformation-a development for religious change. The Reformation spreads to England when King Henry VIII breaks ties with the Catholic Church.Slide 11
The Reformation Continues John Calvin builds up an arrangement of Protestant philosophy that increases prevalence among other European reformers. To stem the spread of Protestantism, the Catholic Church starts its own changes.Slide 12
Overview Two extraordinary European developments the Renaissance and the Reformation-introduce emotional social and social changes. The Renaissance denoted the blooming of aesthetic innovativeness, while the Reformation prompted to new Christian convictions.Slide 13
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETYSlide 14
FARMING IN THE MIDDLE AGES VILLAGES FEED THEMSELVES ONE OF THREE FIELDS LEFT FALLOW (EMPTY) TO REGAIN GOOD SOIL ANIMALS GRAZED IN COMMON PASTURESSlide 15
DISADVANTAGES LAND USE INEFFICENT WASTE OF LAND FARMERS DIDN\'T EXPERIMENT WITH NEW FARMING METHODSSlide 16
FORCES FOR CHANGE POPULATION GROWING- - MORE FOOD NEEDED FRENCH BLOCKADE- - NO CORN- - MORE FOOD NEEDEDSlide 17
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION THE AGRICULTURE REVOLUTIONSlide 18
ENCLOSURE MOVEMENT WEALTHY LANDLORDS FENCED IN COMMON PASTURES AND EXPERIMENTED WITH NEW FARMING TECHNOLOGY VILLAGES LOST COMMON LANDS AND POLITICAL POWER, PEASANTS BECAME POORERSlide 19
CROP ROTATION FIELDS THAT WERE OUT OF NUTRIENTS BY ONE CROP WERE REPLENISHED (MADE NEW) BY PLANTING DIFFERENT CROPS FIELDS NOT LEFT FALLOWSlide 20
OTHER DISCOVERIES SEED DRILL (JETHRO TULL) PLANTED SEEDS EFFICENTLY NEW CROPS: CORN AND POTATO Page 121Slide 21
RESULTS OF AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION MORE FOOD AVAILABLE POPULATION INCREASEDSlide 22
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FACTORY SYSTEMSlide 23
DOMESTIC SYSTEM COTTAGE INDUSTRY COULDN\'T KEEP UP WITH DEMAND FOR TEXTILES SPINNING JENNY , WATER FRAME , AND SPINNING MULE - IMPROVED TextilesSlide 24
DOMESTIC SYSTEM POWER LOOM- - SPED UP WEAVING COTTON GIN- - SEPARATED SEEDS FROM COTTONSlide 25
RISE OF THE FACTORY NEW MACHINES, OFTEN TOO BIG FOR HOMES, WERE PUT INTO FACTORIES LOCATED NEAR POWER SOURCE:COAL, IRON, WATERSlide 26
EFFECTS OF FACTORIES PRICES OF MASS-PRODUCED TEXTILES WERE LOWER THAN-PRODUCED ITEMS BRITIANS\' TEXTILE INDUSTRY INCREASED ENORMOUSLY MAJORITY OF VILLAGERS FORCED TO LEAVE TO FIND WORK IN THE FACTORIESSlide 27
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION STEAM ENGINE ENERGY FOR THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONSlide 28
THE NEED FOR ENERGY EARLY FACTORIES RELIED ON HORSES, OXENS, AND WATER MILLS STEAM ENGINE EVOLVED IN RESPONSE TO THE INCREASING NEED FOR POWERSlide 29
HOW THE STEAM ENGINE WORKS STEAM FORCED FROM HIGH TO LOW PRESSURE PRODUCES POWERSlide 30
EFFECT OF STEAM ENGINE STEAM POWER, USED WHERE EVER COAL EXISTED, INCREASED TEXTILE PRODUCTION IMPROVED MINING WHICH INCREASED METALS WHICH IN TURN FUELED OTHER INDUSTRIESSlide 31
THE NEED FOR IRON FARMING TOOLS, NEW FACTORY MACHINERY, RAILWAYS SMELTING MAKES IRON MORE PURE, BUT REQUIRES CARBON - THIS MAKES STEELSlide 32
THE NEED FOR COAL CARBON NECESSARY FOR SMELTING IRON STEAM ENGINES POWERED BY COALSlide 33
EFFECT OF IRON AND COAL BRITIAN PRODUCED MORE IRON THAN ALL OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD COMBINED COAL POWERED BRITIAN\'S ENOROMOUS NAVYSlide 34
THE NEED FOR BETTER TRANSPORTATION INCREASED PRODUCTION INCREASED NEED TO TRANSPORT GOODS QUICKLY AND CHEAPLY PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY USED HORSES, MULES, AND DIRT ROADSSlide 35
INVENTIONS STONE AND EVENTUALLY ASPHALT ROADS CANALS RAILROAD ERA USHERED IN WITH THE ROCKET IN 1829Slide 36
EFFECTS OF RAILROADS EXPANDED RAPIDLY THROUGHOUT BRITIAN CHEAPER TRANSPORTATION INCREASED PRODUCTION AND PROFITSSlide 37
ANOTHER EFFECT RAILWAYS FUELED OTHER INDUSTRIES: COAL, STEAM ENGINE, IRON, STEEL, AND MANY MANUFACTURED PRODUCTSSlide 38
WHY BRITIAN LED THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONSlide 39
GEOGRAPHY CILMATE GOOD FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION PLENTY OF NATURAL RESOURCES SUCH AS IRON AND COAL SEPARATION FROM THE EUROPEAN CONTINENT KEPT THEM OUT OF THE WARSSlide 40
GOVERNMENT INTERNAL TRADE ENCOURAGED POPULATION ALLOWED TO RELOCATE HELPED BUILD CANALS AND ROADSSlide 41
SOCIAL FACTORS BRITISH SOCIETY LESS RIGID THAN OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIESSlide 42
COLONIAL EMPIRE SUPPLIED RAW MATERIALS FOR MANUFACTURED GOODS PROVIDED MARKET FOR GOODSSlide 43
ADVANTAGES OF INDUSTRIALIZING FIRST NO OTHER COUNTRIES COMPETING FOR MANUFACTURED GOODS MONOPOLY ON TECHNOLOGYSlide 44
EFFECTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONSlide 45
EFFECTS IN THE CITY URBANIZATION- - CITY BUILDING AND MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE TO CITIES BECAME CROWDED PEOPLE LIVED IN SLUMS WHERE DISEASE AND DIRTINESS WERE A PERSON IN THE CITY LIVED TO 17 YEARS OLDSlide 46
AIR POLLUTION STARTED FROM THE SMOKE FROM FACTORIES. Numerous NEW CITIES DEVELOPED AROUND FACTORIES AND COAL MINES. Wrongdoing WAS VERY BAD FROM THE CITIES BEING OVERCROWDED.Slide 47
WORKING CONDITIONS THE AVERAGE WORKER SPENT 14 HOURS A DAY, 6 DAYS A WEEK. Numerous WORKERS WERE KILLED OR SERIOUSLY INJURED IN ACCIDENTS. Youngsters WERE FORCED TO DO HARD LABOR. PG. 262 WORKERS OVERWORKED AND UNDERPAID.Slide 48
SOCIAL CLASSES THE MIDDLE CLASS GREW- - FACTORY OWNERS, SHIPPERS, AND MERCHANTS WEALTHY LANDOWNERS RESENTED MIDDLE CLASSSlide 49
POSITIVE EFFECTS IT CREATED JOBS FOR PEOPLE. IT CREATED WEALTH FOR COUNTRIES. IT ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY. IT INCREASED PRODUCTION OF GOODS. IT BROUGHT HOPE TO PEOPLE .Slide 50
IT CREATED A BETTER LIFE FOR MANY PEOPLE- - BETTER DIETS, BETTER HOUSING AND BETTER CLOTHING AT LOWER PRICES. UNIONS WERE CREATED TO HELP WORKERS GET BETTER PAY, SHORTER HOURS, AND BETTER WORKING CONDITIONS .Slide 51
MORE POSITIVE EFFECTS OUR LIVES ARE MUCH EASIER TODAY DUE TO THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.Slide 52
Overview of ImperialismSlide 53
Imperialism is realm building. Development happens when one state is more effective than are the obstructions to extension.Slide 54
The snags might be different states or people groups, or they might be geographic or physical or innovative impediments.Slide 55
The focal center of the domain might be a country state, or in antiquated circumstances, a city-state or a tribe.Slide 56
European human advancement encountered a time of remarkable quick extension around the world amid the last third of the nineteenth century.Slide 57
European country states had turned out to be capable as a result of industrialization and on account of the hierarchical proficiency of the country state.Slide 58
European worldwide development had really started in the fifteenth century, yet the procedure significantly quickened in the nineteenth century.Slide 59
Latin America and the seaports of Asia and Africa were the first to be colonized by Europeans. Local Americans were exchanged or altogether oppressed to European run the show.Slide 60
England was the main European frontier control and had effectively settled quite a bit of its abroad domain by the start of the nineteenth century.Slide 61
France was second, with its possessions in Southeast Asia and in North Africa, both of these being set up amid the nineteenth century.Slide 62
Portugal, Spain and Holland held a few provinces since they had been the most punctual pilgrim powers, and still held some of them in the 19
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