Composed by Tai-Shan Tooth, For Uncommon Development Physical Natural Science.


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Sorted out by Tai-Shan Tooth, For Exceptional Development Physical Natural Science. "click chemistry".
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Sorted out by Tai-Shan Fang, For Special Advance Physical Organic Chemistry

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"click chemistry" In the "click chemistry" method grew as of late at Scripps Research Institute , responsive atomic building squares are intended to "click" together specifically and covalently. The Scripps scientists are currently using so as to augment the thought protein tying destinations, supramolecular buildings, or functionalized surfaces as response vessels to coordinate the in situ arrangement of conceivably useful snap science items. The items may be organic inhibitors, atomic hardware segments, sensor tests, nonlinear optical materials, light-collecting mixes, or mixes with any number of other helpful properties. Flawless FIT Model of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.

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Out of Control 1990-1994   Researched and worked Out of Control, the Rise of Neo-Biological Civilization . Evaluated in Fortune magazine as "A book that ought to be obliged perusing for all executives....As enthralling as it is insightful." 1987   Married Gia-Miin Fuh, an organic chemist. 1952   Born, in Pennsylvania, USA 1994 The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World Read it online » Available from Amazon

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Chapter 6: THE NATURAL FLUX Equilibrium is passing What started things out, steadiness or assorted qualities? Environments: between a superorganism and a personality workshop The roots of variety Life godlike, ineradicable Negentropy The fourth brokenness: the circle of getting to be Chapter 7: EMERGENCE OF CONTROL In antiquated Greece the first counterfeit self Maturing of mechanical selfhood The latrine: model of tautology Self-bringing on organizations Chapter 8: CLOSED SYSTEMS Bottled life, fixed with fasten Mail-request Gaia Man inhales into green growth, green growth inhales into man The enormous ecotechnic terrarium An investigation in managed tumult Another engineered biological system, similar to California Chapter 9: POP GOES THE BIOSPHERE Co-pilots of the 100 million dollar glass ark Migrating to urban weed The arrangement of deliberate seasons A cyclotron for the life sciences a definitive innovation Chapter 10: INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY Pervasive round-the-check plug in Invisible insight Bad-puppy rooms versus pleasant pooch rooms Programming a ward Closed-circle fabricating Technologies of adjustment Chapter 1: THE MADE AND THE BORN Neo-organic human advancement The triumph of the bio-rationale Learning to surrender our manifestations Chapter 2: HIVE MIND Bees do it: disseminated administration The aggregate insight of a crowd Asymmetrical undetectable hands Decentralized recollecting as a demonstration of recognition More will be more than additional, it\'s distinctive Advantages and detriments of swarms The system is the symbol of the 21st century Chapter 3: MACHINES WITH AN ATTITUDE Entertaining machines with bodies Fast, modest and crazy Getting shrewd from stupid things The temperances of settled chains of command Using this present reality to impart No knowledge without bodies Mind/body dark patch psychosis Chapter 4: ASSEMBLING COMPLEXITY Biology: the eventual fate of machines Restoring a prairie with flame and slimy seeds Random ways to a steady biological system How to do everything on the double The Humpty Dumpty challenge Chapter 5: COEVOLUTION What shading is a chameleon on a mirror? The preposterous purpose of life Poised in the diligent condition of practically falling Rocks are moderate life Cooperation without fellowship or prescience

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Chapter 16: THE FUTURE OF CONTROL Cartoon material science in toy universes Birthing a synthespian Robots without hard bodies The operators of ethnological building design Imposing predetermination upon unrestrained choice Mickey Mouse rebooted in the wake of clobbering Donald Searching for co-control Chapter 17: AN OPEN UNIVERSE To expand the space of being Primitives of visual conceivable outcomes How to program upbeat mischances All make due by hacking the standards The helpful dandy device of advancement Hang-skimming into the session of Life verbs Homesteading hyperlife region Chapter 18: THE STRUCTURE OF ORGANIZED CHANGE The upset of day by day development Bypassing the focal authoritative opinion The distinction, if any, in the middle of learning and evololution The development of development The clarification of everything Chapter 19: POSTDARWINISM The fragmentation of Darwinian hypothesis Natural determination is insufficient Intersecting lines on the tree of life The reason of non-irregular transformations Even beasts take after tenets When the unique is encapsulated The crucial grouping of life DNA can\'t code for everything A dubious thickness of natural inquiry space Mathematics of characteristic choice Chapter 20: THE BUTTERFLY SLEEPS Order with the expectation of complimentary Net math: an irrational style of math Lap diversions, planes, and auto-reactant sets An inquiry worth asking Self-tuning vivisystems Chapter 11: NETWORK ECONOMICS Having your beginning and end cut away Instead of crunching, associating Factories of data Your occupation: overseeing mistake Connecting everything to everything Chapter 12: E-MONEY Crypto-disorder: encryption dependably wins The fax impact and the law of expanding returns Superdistribution Anything holding an electric charge w sick hold a monetary charge Peer-to-companion fund with nanobucks Fear of underwire economies Chapter 13: GOD GAMES Electronic godhood Theories with an interface A divine being dives into his polygonal creation The transmission of simulacra Memorex fighting Seamless appropriated armed forces A 10,000 piece hyperreality The consensual ascii superorganism Letting go to win Chapter 14: IN THE LIBRARY OF FORM An excursion to the all inclusive library The space of every single conceivable picture Travels in biomorph area Harnessing the mutator Sex in the library Breeding workmanship artful culminations in three simple steps Tunneling through arbitrariness Chapter 15: ARTIFICIAL EVOLUTION Tom Ray\'s electric-fueled advancement machine What you can\'t design, development can Mindless acts performed in parallel Computational weapons contest Taming wild advancement Stupid researchers advancing savvy particles Death is the best educator The algorithmic virtuoso of ants The end of designing\'s administration

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Chapter 21: RISING FLOW A 4 billion year ponzi plan What development needs Seven patterns of hyper-development Coyote swindler self-evolver Chapter 22: PREDICTION MACHINERY Brains that catch balls The other side of bedlam Positive astigmatism Making a fortune from the pockets of consistency Operation Internal Look, Ahead Varieties of forecast Change in the administration of non-change Telling what\'s to come is the thing that the frameworks are for The numerous issues with worldwide models We are all guiding Chapter 23: WHOLES, HOLES, AND SPACES What ever happened to computer science? The gaps in the web of logical information To be shocked by the paltry Hypertext: the end of power another intuition space Chapter 24: THE NINE LAWS OF GOD How to make something from nothing Hijacking the universe

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"for his work on chirally catalyzed oxidation reactions" The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001 "for their work on chirally catalyzed hydrogenation reactions“

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Mirror Image Catalysis Many particles show up in two structures that reflect one another – generally as our hands reflect one another. Such atoms are called chiral. In nature one of these structures is regularly prevailing so in our cells one of these mirror pictures of a particle fits "like a glove", as opposed to the next one which may even be destructive. Pharmaceutical items regularly comprise of chiral atoms, and the contrast between the two structures can be an immeasurably significant issue – similar to the case, for instance, in the thalidomide debacle in the 1960s. That is the reason it is key to have the capacity to deliver the two chiral structures independently. The current year\'s Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have created atoms that can catalyze vital responses so that one and only of the two mirror picture structures is delivered. The impetus atom, which itself is chiral, paces up the response without being expended. Only one of these particles can deliver a huge number of atoms of the fancied mirror picture structure. William S. Knowles found that it was conceivable to utilize move metals to make chiral impetuses for a critical kind of response called hydrogenation, accordingly getting the sought mirror picture structure as the last item. His examination immediately prompted a modern procedure for the L\'s generation DOPA drug which is utilized as a part of the treatment of Parkinson\'s illness. Ryoji Noyori has driven the further improvement of this procedure to today\'s broad chiral impetuses for hydrogenation. K. Barry Sharpless , then again, is recompensed a large portion of the Prize for creating chiral impetuses for another imperative kind of response – oxidation. The Laureates have opened up a totally new field of examination in which it is conceivable to combine atoms and material with new properties. Today the aftereffects of their essential examination are being utilized as a part of various modern combinations of pharmaceutical items, for example, anti-infection agents, mitigating medications and heart prescriptions.

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Illustrated Presentation http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/science/laureates/2001/illpres/

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thalidomide catastrophe Chemistry Thalidomide (α-phthalimidoglutarimide) has a chiral focus and was administered as a racemate (1:1 blend) of dextrorotatory (R)- and levorotatory (S)- thalidomide. Introductory creature studies demonstrated that the enantiomers have diverse organic properties: Calming and rest inciting impacts are connected with the R-enantiomer, while teratogenic impacts are all the more firmly connected with the S-enantiomer. Under physiological conditions, both enantiomers experience fast interconversion making an aggregate detachment of their clinical impacts unfeasible. Thalidomide (Contergan) - Annotated Collection of Links Annotated accumulation of English and German web assets giving data on the drug\'s physico-compou

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