Computerized Documentary Film Making Guy Mullins, Ken Fagan Arizona State UniversitySlide 2
Objectives Define Documentary Film Styles of Documentaries Video Production Process Film Making Jobs & Duties Discuss Orme Dam ResearchSlide 3
Communicating with Video Drama Instructional Video News/Magazine position News Documentary Research and Data Collection Surveillance MORE SCRIPT LESS SCRIPTSlide 4
Documentary Film & Video âCreative treatment of actualityâ -John Grierson Every Documentary falls some place between the most unadulterated type of âtelling a discovered storyâ and the less immaculate âcontrived fictionâ Surveillance Camera Hollywood FilmSlide 5
Video Documentary Types of Documentary Film Expository Addresses Viewers Directly Impressionistic Poetic, Lyrical Observational âOn the Flyâ Capture of Events Reflexive Interactive, Autobiographical, Reality TV (?) Robert Flaherty\'s "Nanook of the Northâ 1922Slide 6
Reality TV? An American Family, 1972 MTV - The Real World PBS - The 1900 House, The Farmerâs Wife CBS - Survivor , Big Brother, Amazing Race www.weliveinpublic.comSlide 7
Observational or Nature Video Moving from Public Space to Private Space Social Orientation Photographer as Participant Observer Photography and RapportSlide 8
The Video Interview âTalking Headâ Three Point Lighting Adequate Microphone Boom Lavalier Question and Answer Simple to Edit Restricts Quality of Content Open Ended Questions Difficult to Edit Content May be Unrestricted/Unexpected Head Room Nose Room Rule of Thirds BackgroundSlide 9
Using Photographs in the Video Interview Photo Elicitation Still Photographs may be utilized as topic to inspire reactions from sources Rough Cuts may be utilized to direct further research taking into account group/witness reactionsSlide 10
Using Photographs in the Video Interview Photo ElicitationSlide 11
Video Text Resources Cross-Cultural Filmmaking , Ilisa Barbash and Lucien Taylor Visual Anthropology, John Collier, Jr., and Malcolm Collier The Corporate Scriptwriting Book, Donna Matrazzo Camcorder in the Classroom, Adrienne Herrell, and Joel Fowler, Jr.Slide 13
Additional Text Resources The Little Digital Video Book by Michael Rubin In The Blink of An Eye by Walter Murch Setting Up Your Shots. Incredible Camera Moves Every Filmmaker Should Know by Jeremy Vineyard Film Directing: Cinematic Motion by Steven Katz Film Directing: Shot by Shot by Steven Katz Digital Moviemaking by Scott Billups Digital Guerrilla Video: A Grassroots Guide to the Revolution by Avi Hoffer Making Documentary Films and Reality Videos: A Practical Guide to Planning, Filming, and Editing Documentaries of Real Events by Barry Hampe Creating Motion Graphics with After Effects (With CD-ROM) by Trish Meyer, Chris MeyerSlide 14
Digital Documentary Film Making Part 1 - Objectives Fundamental Technical Knowledge of Digital Video and Digital Photography Traditional Skills of Video Production (i.e.., shot structure, sound nuts and bolts, lighting standards) Digital Video Editing TechniquesSlide 15
Recent History of Video Technology Analog = Expensive and Complicated Digital = Relatively Inexpensive and Simple Non-Linear Editing (NLE) miniDV Videotape, Firewire (iLink, IEEE1394)Slide 16
Traditional âA/B Rollâ Analog Editing SystemSlide 17
Modern Digital Video Replaces Big Hardware with Big SoftwareSlide 18
Modern Tools of Video Production Digital Camcorder miniDV, Digital 8, D-9, Digital-Betacam Non-Linear Video Editing System iMovie, Premiere, FinalCut, Media100, Avid NLE accomplishes for Video today what the Laser Printer accomplished for Print in the late 1980s Digital Still Camera 2-Megapixel, 3-Megapixel, or betterâ¦ Graphics and Animation Software Photoshop, After Effects, even PowerPointSlide 19
Digital Video On-Locationâ¦Slide 20
Digital Video Composite Arizonaâs Towns: Planning the Past, Saving the Future College of Architecture - Summer 2000Slide 21
Traditional Tools of âGoodâ Video Production Wordprocessor Microsoft Word, Pencil & Paper, 3M Post-Itâ® Tripod Microphones Handheld, Shotgun, Lavalier, PZM Lighting Equipment Lights, Reflectors, Umbrellas A/C Extension Cords Batteries Gafferâs Tape Ballpoint Penâ¦Slide 22
Simple strides to making feature Video Vocabulary Shot Composition Lighting & Audio Basics The Video Production ProcessSlide 24
Video Production Process Pre-Production Outline Treatment Script & Storyboard Production Shooting Video Creating Graphics and Animation Recording Narration, Music, Sound Effects Post-Production Editing Distribution (VHS, www)Slide 25
Video Shot Vocabulary Fundamental Shot Types Establishing Shot Medium Shot (MS), Medium Close-Up Close-Up (CU), Extreme Close-Up Over-the-Shoulder (OTS) Two ShotSlide 26
Establishing Shot, Wide ShotSlide 27
Medium Shot, Medium Close-Up âTalking HeadâSlide 28
Close-Up, Extreme Close-UpSlide 29
Over-the-Shoulder (OTS) Two Shot Other Fundamental Shot TypesSlide 30
Centered, an excess of headroom Off-focus, better headroom Head Room & Nose RoomSlide 31
âRule of ThirdsâSlide 32
Basic Principals of Lighting Key Light Fill Light Back Light or Hair Light Three Point LightingSlide 33
Three Point Lighting Hair Light Key Light Background Light Fill LightSlide 34
Three Point Lighting Hair Light Key Light Fill Light http://ether.asu.edu/feature/tips_lighting.htmlSlide 35
Audio Recording Basics âGoodâ Video needs âGoodâ Audio Different Types of Recording Require Different Types of Microphones Handheld Lavalier/Lapel Shotgun PZM (Pressure Zone Mic)Slide 36
Things to Keep in Mind when Shooting Video Shot Composition Basics Headroom, Noseroom Lighting for Image Quality Three Point Lighting Audio Recording Checklist Batteries Videotape Microphone Focus Framing/Shot CompositionSlide 37
DV on the PC? Studio DV Pinnacle Systems www.pinnaclesys.com Ulead Video Studio www.ulead.com Dazzle DV-Editor www.dazzle.com MovieDV Suite ( screenshot ) www.aistinc.com Microsoft Producer www.microsoft.com Ulead Video Studio Dazzle DV-Editor & Firewire cardSlide 39
AIST MovieDVSuite ( www.aistinc.com )Slide 40
Digital Video: Graphics & Animation Objectives Introduction to Producing Graphics for Video Advanced Video & Audio Editing Techniques Digital Video Compression & Web Video Internet DistributionSlide 41
Creating Graphics for Video Illustrations Special Effects Title Screens âLower ThirdâSlide 42
Creating Graphics for Video Illustrations Special Effects Title Screens âLower ThirdâSlide 43
Creating Graphics for Video The âDarwin Movieâ http://ether.asu.edu/feature/tips_bluescreen.html click motion picture to playSlide 44
Graphics Tools for Video Adobe Photoshop for still pictures Adobe After Effects for vivified pictures Digital Still PhotographySlide 45
Creating Graphics for Video Limitations of NTSC (Analog Television) Color scope of Television and Computers Analog NTSC Video maybe 5-7 million hues Computer RGB more than 16 million hues Interlaced Properties of NTSC Causes flash in fine subtle elements of pictures Overscan and Underscan Graphic Compositions might just use around 80% of the screen landSlide 46
Creating Graphics for Video Limitations of NTSC (Analog Television) Launch Photoshop DEMOSlide 47
Video and Audio Editing Techniques Inserting Elements into a DV Program Graphics Audio Narration from mouthpiece & tape Music from CD Sound Effects Working with DV Video Clips Adjusting Clips inside of the Program Timeline Cropping Clips Launch iMovie DEMOSlide 49
Video Compression Producing Video for Computer Presentations Powerpoint, CD-ROM, Kiosk Compressing Video for Internet Broadcasting/Webcasting/NetcastingSlide 50
Video Compression Nearly all Digital Video is Compressed NTSC Video plays at 30 outlines/second 1 Frame of Uncompressed Digital Video is more or less 1 MB (30 MB/second)Slide 51
Video Compression Methods of Compression Reduce the Number of edges/second 15 fps is alright Less than 10-12 fps gets to be jerky Reduce the Video\'s Size edge Reduce the Image QualitySlide 52
Video Compression Flavors of Video Compression (MPEG I - MP3, MPEG II - DVD, MPEG IV), Quicktime Cinepak, Sorenson, Apple Video, Motion-JPEG) DV miniDV Camcorder Videotape, iMovie RealVideo AVI Microsoft ASF http://is.asu.edu/r&d/featureSlide 53
How To Compress Video Many Desktop Video Editing projects will Export a mixed bag of packed configurations Exports are typically layout pressure settings without much control Media Cleaner (Current Version 5.0) is the most mainstream instrument for the
Florida Film and Excitement Industry Financial Effect Examination Rick Harper, Ph.D. Executive U ...
Utilizing your left hand to hold the reel, string the film onto the reel. ... Painstakingly (in ...
The Digital World. Points. Being advanced. Advanced situations. Computerized merging. Making ... ...
The Imatest system for measuring picture quality will empower taught buyers to test the nature o ...
All that You Need to Know about Photochemical Film Preservation ... Unique camera negative: the ...
An advanced camera is the very same as a film camera with the exception of the film is supplante ...
(film/computerized speed by and large in 1/3 to stops) 50 100 200 400 800 ... A Digital camera h ...
ENGL 6750/7750 Film Studies. The Movie Apparatus. ENGL 6750/7750 Film Studies ... ENGL 6750/7750 ...
From film-based photography to advanced picture obtaining. 90 years ... fish & natural life. Pag ...
Less expensive kind of show for TV: less costly scholars, performers, creation values ... What e ...
Today, computerized electronic gadgets incorporate PCs, convenient media players such ... PCs, c ...
He began as a radio system independent news and games columnist. ... Author Vinnie Perrone, an i ...
Cool Storage What is that? Temperatures extending from give or take - 20F to 40F show up in the ...
Free Film Channel. The Filmmaker As Marketer: Documentary Filmmaking In The Digital ... of your ...
Computerized Camera Images for the Classroom. CIS Academic Technology, University of New ... adv ...
Up to the point narrative was shot, 1,200 atomic bombs tried ... citations for their substance t ...
Chapter 1. Computers and Digital Basics. Chapter Contents. Section A: All Things Digital S ...
Narrative TRANSACTION. ApproachDocumentary TransactionsNecessary Documents to Complete Internati ...