Connecting Participation, Vulnerability Sustainable Development .

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2. 1. Interest Overview. Themes secured in overview:Marginalization, neediness decrease systems, participatory destitution evaluation (PPA), expenses/advantages of investment, levels of cooperation, participatory rustic examination (PRA), partner investigation, participatory indicative study (PDS), participatory checking and assessment (PME), understanding imperviousness to change, phases of contention
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Connecting Participation, Vulnerability & Sustainable Development Timothy Downs, D.Env. Educator and Coordinator Environmental Science & Policy Program Department of International Development, Community, & Environment (IDCE) George Perkins Marsh Research Institute Clark University, Worcester, Mass. USA. AIACC Workshop on Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Trieste June 2002

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1. Support Overview Topics shrouded in diagram : Marginalization, neediness lessening systems, participatory destitution appraisal (PPA), costs/advantages of investment, levels of interest, participatory provincial examination (PRA), partner investigation, participatory analytic review (PDS), participatory observing and assessment (PME), understanding imperviousness to change, phases of contention, struggle alleviation. Real reference: IFAD , ANGOC and IIRR (2001). Upgrading possession and manageability: An asset book on support . Worldwide Fund for Agricultural Development, Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development, and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction.

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2. Hazard and Policy Analysis under Uncertainty multi-criteria basic leadership, subjective and quantitative markers, weighting vulnerability, chance examination and ecological effect appraisal (EIA)

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3. Contextual investigation A Participatory Integrated Capacity Building Approach to Sustainable Environmental Management and Vulnerability Mitigation in Mexico Watershed Context Marginalized Communities

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Part 1. Setting Sustainable Development "[Development which] addresses the issues of the present without trading off the capacity of future eras to address their own particular issues." Our Common Future, 1987 Long on talk… ..short on practice. Our functional experience of supportability is extremely restricted. In any case, we do have a decent ordeal of un feasible practices to draw on.

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Prerequisites for a Sustainability Culture Ethics that esteem biological honesty and react to intra-and between generational value Productive social connection – encourages \'win-win\' and \'common additions\' joint efforts Knowledge coordination – numerous types are required (narrative, indigenous, exogenous) (Source: Downs 2000)

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Agenda 21 Components of Sustainable Development Compatible Trade & Environment Policies Poverty Reduction Policies Sustainable Consumption Management of Population Growth Improvement of Public Health Sustainable Development of Settlements Integrated Decision Making & Stakeholder Participation Sustainable Development of Energy Resources Sound Management of Solid Waste and Sewage backhanded connection Sustainability of Water Resources Supply & Sanitation solid direct connection Marine & Coastal Zone Protection & Development Sound Management of Chemicals & Toxic Wastes Integrated Land Resources Planning & Management Reducing Deforestation/Sustainable Forest Development Managing Fragile Ecosystems Promoting Sustainable Agriculture & Rural Development Conserving Biodiversity & Ecosystem Health Atmosphere Protection Sound Development of Biotechnology Agenda 21 was spellbindingly solid however operationally feeble (source: Downs 2001)

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Global Water Context Allocating and Managing Water for a Sustainable Future Water is the most essential survival and thriving need of life forms, including people Water get to is a basic determinant of human and natural wellbeing Water is an essential driver and key element to supportable human advancement Improving administration of water assets is a worldwide need with half of the world\'s 6 billion individuals populace lacking satisfactory sanitation, 1.2 billion without safe water supply, and forecasts that without change two of each three individuals will be submerged worry by 2025. There are ever-more grounded calls for coordinated methodologies (learning and teaches), participatory methodologies (partner premiums) and limit working to moderate these goals.

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Dublin Principles ( International Conference on Water and the Environment, 1992) Fresh water is a limited and helpless asset, basic to maintain life, improvement and the earth. Water improvement and administration ought to be founded on a participatory approach , including clients, organizers and arrangement creators at all levels. Ladies have a focal impact in the arrangement, administration and protecting of water. Water has a monetary incentive in all its contending utilizes and ought to be perceived as a financial decent.

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An Evolving Method for More Sustainable Water Management: Integrated Watershed Management (IWM) Seeks to consolidate interests, needs, and trains as a multi-partner arranging and administration handle for regular assets inside the watershed biological community, fixated on water. Driven base up by neighborhood needs and needs, and top-around administrative obligations. Must be versatile, and developing progressively with evolving conditions. Note: we see supportability as a relative element state to be enhanced or corrupted not an outright one to be accomplished

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Heathcote (1998) Systems Approach: Develop extensive, precise, exhaustive, and up and coming Watershed Inventory Problem Definition and Scoping Consultation Developing Workable Management Options Planning and Implementation Integrated Watershed Management: Principles & Practice Reimold et al. (1998) Ecological Approach: Stakeholder association Ecosystem administration units Coordinated administration exercises Management plan " Integrated Water Resource Management has nor been unambiguously characterized nor has the topic of how it is to be executed been completely tended to. What must be incorporated and how is it best done? Can the wide standards of IWRM be operationalized practically speaking—and, provided that this is true, how?" United Nations Global Water Partnership, Technical Advisory Committee, 2000 .

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New Thinking Socio-financial measurements of Sustainable Development Practice Subject to physical and biological imperatives Subject to monetary requirements Z. Advancement area connection : water assets administration and sanitation, soil assets administration, biodiversity assets administration, farming creation, vitality generation, social insurance, instruction, modern creation Development Sectors Subject to political will X. Socio-political connection "multi-partners": "Group", subjects, citizens, clients, clients; Public suppliers of merchandise, administrations and assets; Private suppliers of products administrations and assets; Academic suppliers of new learning and data. Moral and reasonable basic invigorates XYZ elements Y. Specialized teach connection – e.g. specialists and medical attendants, designers, draftsmen and urban organizers, social researchers and regular researchers, attorneys, government officials, educators, analysts. Subject to learning, data and correspondence requirements

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Any imaginative IWM handle must be mapped onto a run of the mill extend cycle 1. Pre-arranging . Ideas and social association 2. Vital Analysis . Necessities and standard conditions 3. Arranging and Design . Administration choices and work arranges 4. Usage . Need activities first then others take after 5. Operation & Maintenance . Execution checking and adjustment to changes Strong examination and arranging is apparent in IWM however… . Powerless execution and checking background to date But some maintainability vitality is missing… … What makes IWM practical?

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Capacity fabricating "the total of the endeavors expected to create, upgrade and use the aptitudes of individuals and establishments to take after a way of manageable improvement." (UNDP 2001)

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Critical limit building segments important to for practical water supply and sanitation : fortifying political and monetary bolster reinforcing HR: instruction, preparing and mindfulness building fortifying data assets: observing, information joining and translation for educated basic leadership; fortifying controls and consistence; fortifying fundamental framework for water supply and sanitation; fortifying the market for water and sanitation items and administrations (water as a financial decent, fairly valued, sponsored for poor people). (Downs 2001)

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Synergistic, related segments must get to be distinctly coordinated – incorporated limit building (ICB) VI. Nearby undertaking advancement V. Foundation and innovation IV. Strategy making and control III. Data assets II. Instruction and mindfulness raising I. Political and monetary bolster Still something missing… … .

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Stakeholder Participation Who? Group/Residential water clients Community/Industrial water clients Community/Agricultural water clients Government controllers (nearby, state, elected) Scientists and specialists Providers of items and administrations NGOs (rep. biodiversity interests)

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Participation – Why? Those specifically influenced by water issues must get to be proprietors of those issues and proprietors of the arrangements Integrated methodologies – IWM + ICB – rely on upon the mixture of alternate points of view, needs, interests, aptitudes, teaches So ICB gets to be PICB , \'P" for participatory

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How? – Community-based PICB Federal Government needs, strategies Bottom-up meets best down elements Government as counselor for, and facilitator of, PICB Local needs and arrangements Community-based methodologies – focus of gravity at focal point of requirements, interests Nexus of neighborhood information and existing limits Community-based methodologies climate political change

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Ways forward in the field A PICB pilot venture is being produced in Mexico to co-oversee five need themes of hydo-biological defenselessness: Safe water supply Wastewater (and strong waste) sanitation Wat

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