Contamination Control .


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Infection Control. Principles of Disease Transmission. Microorganisms. Small living plant or animal Non-pathogens Live in or on the body Part of the normal flora May be beneficial to the body Pathogens Germs Cause infection. Types of Pathogens. Bacteria One celled plants
Transcripts
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Disease Control Principles of Disease Transmission

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Microorganisms Small living plant or creature Non-pathogens Live in or on the body Part of the typical greenery May be advantageous to the body Pathogens Germs Cause disease

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Types of Pathogens Bacteria One celled plants Classified by shape and course of action Cocci – strep, staph Bacilli – TB, lockjaw Spirilla – syphilis, cholera

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Protazoa One celled creatures Found in rotted material and debased water Malaria, looseness of the bowels

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Fungi Simple plant-like life form Live on dead matter Yeasts, forms Ringworm,athlete\'s foot, thrush

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Rickettsiae -Parasitic microorganism Transmitted to people through the chomp of a tick,fleas, Typhus and lice, vermin Rocky Mountain spotted fever

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Viruses Smallest microorganism Can just duplicate inside people cells Colds, chicken pox, warts, flu, HIV, Hepatitis

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To Grow Warmth Darkness Source of sustenance Moisture Aerobic need oxygen Anaerobic – needn\'t bother with oxygen Needs of microorganisms

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How Pathogens Cause Infections Poisons/poisons Ex: lockjaw Allergic Reactions Ex: runny nose, wheezing Attack and Destroy cells they attack Ex: intestinal sickness

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Additional Classifications Endogenous Originates inside the body Exogenous Originates outside the body Nonsocomial A contamination procured inside the doctor\'s facility Opportunistic Infections that happen when the body\'s resistant framework is feeble

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Chain of Infection

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Asepsis Absence of illness delivering microorganisms Any territory or question containing pathogens is viewed as tainted

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Levels of aseptic Control Antisepsis Prevent or repress the development of pathogenic living being yet are not compelling against spores or infections. Ex: Alcohol/Betadine

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Disinfection Destroys or slaughters pathogenic living beings yet not generally successful against spores or infections Ex: Bleach, Clorox

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Sterilization The procedure that pulverizes all microorganisms both pathogenic and non-pathogenic including spores and infections. Ex: Steam under weight, autoclave, gas, radiation, chemicals

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Most Inexpensive, Quickest, and Effective approach to keep the spread of pathogens

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Standard Precautions

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Two Main Ways Pathogens Spread Blood HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Body Fluids

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OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1991 built up blood-borne pathogen standard controls

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Regulations Determine representatives who have word related presentation Provide the Hepatitis B antibody free Provide PPE – Personal Protective Equipment Provide satisfactory hand washing offices Ensure the worksite is kept up in a perfect and clean condition

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Regulations Cont. Uphold NO eating , drinking, smoking, applying lip salve or lipstick, taking care of contact focal points or mouth pipetting in any region possibly sullied with blood or body liquids. Give sufficient sharps compartments coded red/orange Post signs in ranges where there is word related introduction

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Provide classified therapeutic assessment and line up for any representative with a presentation Provide free preparing for any new redesigns or changes

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Sharps all needles syringes syringe bodies surgical tools lancets any glass things, for example, slides or Pasteur pipettes, that are defiled with possibly irresistible material and/or human blood.

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PPE Personal Protective Equipment

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Sterile Technique Sterile Free from all living beings Contaminated Organisms and pathogens are available Items that touch your garments or skin or any range underneath the abdomen are viewed as defiled

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Sterile Field Never reach over the highest point of the field Reach in from the sides to add to the field Never turn your back to a sterile field 2 crawls around the fringe are sullied Anything beneath the level of the plate is debased

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Methods to Remove Sterile Articles from Sterile Wraps Drop Method Mitten Method Transfer Forceps

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Sterile Field Keep Sterile field dry Pathogens move rapidly through wet surfaces Take mind while emptying arrangements into a sterile field When you put on sterile gloves, just handle sterile things

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Standards Precaustions Used while reaching all patients

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Transmission-based Isolation Airborne Droplet Contact Protective

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Communicable Diseases A sickness created by a pathogic living being that can be effortlessly transmitted to others Spread by Direct contact with patient Contact with blood and body liquids Droplets Discharge from wounds

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