Contamination Control .

Uploaded on:
Infection Control. Principles of Disease Transmission. Microorganisms. Small living plant or animal Non-pathogens Live in or on the body Part of the normal flora May be beneficial to the body Pathogens Germs Cause infection. Types of Pathogens. Bacteria One celled plants
Slide 1

Disease Control Principles of Disease Transmission

Slide 2

Microorganisms Small living plant or creature Non-pathogens Live in or on the body Part of the typical greenery May be advantageous to the body Pathogens Germs Cause disease

Slide 3

Types of Pathogens Bacteria One celled plants Classified by shape and course of action Cocci – strep, staph Bacilli – TB, lockjaw Spirilla – syphilis, cholera

Slide 4

Protazoa One celled creatures Found in rotted material and debased water Malaria, looseness of the bowels

Slide 5

Fungi Simple plant-like life form Live on dead matter Yeasts, forms Ringworm,athlete\'s foot, thrush

Slide 6

Rickettsiae -Parasitic microorganism Transmitted to people through the chomp of a tick,fleas, Typhus and lice, vermin Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Slide 7

Viruses Smallest microorganism Can just duplicate inside people cells Colds, chicken pox, warts, flu, HIV, Hepatitis

Slide 8

To Grow Warmth Darkness Source of sustenance Moisture Aerobic need oxygen Anaerobic – needn\'t bother with oxygen Needs of microorganisms

Slide 9

How Pathogens Cause Infections Poisons/poisons Ex: lockjaw Allergic Reactions Ex: runny nose, wheezing Attack and Destroy cells they attack Ex: intestinal sickness

Slide 10

Additional Classifications Endogenous Originates inside the body Exogenous Originates outside the body Nonsocomial A contamination procured inside the doctor\'s facility Opportunistic Infections that happen when the body\'s resistant framework is feeble

Slide 11

Chain of Infection

Slide 12

Asepsis Absence of illness delivering microorganisms Any territory or question containing pathogens is viewed as tainted

Slide 13

Levels of aseptic Control Antisepsis Prevent or repress the development of pathogenic living being yet are not compelling against spores or infections. Ex: Alcohol/Betadine

Slide 14

Disinfection Destroys or slaughters pathogenic living beings yet not generally successful against spores or infections Ex: Bleach, Clorox

Slide 15

Sterilization The procedure that pulverizes all microorganisms both pathogenic and non-pathogenic including spores and infections. Ex: Steam under weight, autoclave, gas, radiation, chemicals

Slide 16

Most Inexpensive, Quickest, and Effective approach to keep the spread of pathogens

Slide 18

Standard Precautions

Slide 19

Two Main Ways Pathogens Spread Blood HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Body Fluids

Slide 20

OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1991 built up blood-borne pathogen standard controls

Slide 21

Regulations Determine representatives who have word related presentation Provide the Hepatitis B antibody free Provide PPE – Personal Protective Equipment Provide satisfactory hand washing offices Ensure the worksite is kept up in a perfect and clean condition

Slide 22

Regulations Cont. Uphold NO eating , drinking, smoking, applying lip salve or lipstick, taking care of contact focal points or mouth pipetting in any region possibly sullied with blood or body liquids. Give sufficient sharps compartments coded red/orange Post signs in ranges where there is word related introduction

Slide 23

Provide classified therapeutic assessment and line up for any representative with a presentation Provide free preparing for any new redesigns or changes

Slide 24

Sharps all needles syringes syringe bodies surgical tools lancets any glass things, for example, slides or Pasteur pipettes, that are defiled with possibly irresistible material and/or human blood.

Slide 26

PPE Personal Protective Equipment

Slide 27

Sterile Technique Sterile Free from all living beings Contaminated Organisms and pathogens are available Items that touch your garments or skin or any range underneath the abdomen are viewed as defiled

Slide 28

Sterile Field Never reach over the highest point of the field Reach in from the sides to add to the field Never turn your back to a sterile field 2 crawls around the fringe are sullied Anything beneath the level of the plate is debased

Slide 29

Methods to Remove Sterile Articles from Sterile Wraps Drop Method Mitten Method Transfer Forceps

Slide 30

Sterile Field Keep Sterile field dry Pathogens move rapidly through wet surfaces Take mind while emptying arrangements into a sterile field When you put on sterile gloves, just handle sterile things

Slide 32

Standards Precaustions Used while reaching all patients

Slide 33

Transmission-based Isolation Airborne Droplet Contact Protective

Slide 34

Communicable Diseases A sickness created by a pathogic living being that can be effortlessly transmitted to others Spread by Direct contact with patient Contact with blood and body liquids Droplets Discharge from wounds

View more...