Country and Memory in Eastern Europe.


87 views
Uploaded on:
Description
Commemorations of the Warsaw Uprising 1944 (restriction), of Victory Day (May 8, 1945), the German assault on Poland and other essential occasions of the Second World War ...
Transcripts
Slide 1

Country and Memory in Eastern Europe Lecture 10 National Celebrations Week 2, Spring Term

Slide 2

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 3

Celebrations Concretion of verifiable improvements Reflection of social relations Ritual, story, reiteration Unifying, including and barring

Slide 4

National festivals Type of political festivals Since the French Revolution basic all over Europe In France they supplanted monarchic-dynastic festivals and, for a couple of years, additionally religious festivals

Slide 5

National Celebrations II National festivals regularly had a white collar class foundation In 19 th c. Europe they contended with monarchic and dynastic festivals (frequently birthdays of the ruler/lord/head and individuals from his family) Can be positive or oppositionist (for instance in Germany in the principal half of the 19 th c. liberal, national development against existing request) Can balance out or destabilize the political framework Combination of national and dynastic festivals conceivable (Germany after 1871 and mostly Russia before the 1 st World War) Role in political instruction all individuals from the country ought to celebrate; amid the festival class, sex and contending affiliations ought not make any difference; in this appreciation: festivity is an arranging of the country, of national solidarity and shows how the country ought to be

Slide 6

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 7

Autocracy and Church Every year Birthday of Emperor and relatives Anniversaries of rising to the throne Orthodox occasions Days of national holy people (for instance Alexander Nevsky) Singular occasions 200 th commemoration of the Battle of Poltava (1909) 100 th commemoration of the Patriotic War (1912) 300 years Romanov Dynasty (1913)

Slide 8

Revolution and War The commemorations of the October Revolution: 7th,8th,9th November Days of the Red Army, the Red Navy, the Air Force, of various mass associations first May: The day of the universal laborers\' development eighth March: International Women\'s Day Death of Lenin After 1945: ninth May, Victory Day Anniversaries of real clashes of the Second World War

Slide 9

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 10

Poets and the State Celebration of commemorations of popular Ukrainian writers Shevchenko festivities Anniversaries of Ukrainian associations After 1917: Soviet festivals Act of Pereyaslavl 1654, "unification" of Russia and Ukraine – huge festivals in 1954 Anniversaries of Ukrainian legends

Slide 11

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 12

Victories and Defeats, Constitution and Independence Anniversaries of vital occasions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Polish-Lithuanian Union 1569, Battle of Grunwald 1410, and so forth. Commemorations of uprisings Religious occasions, particularly November 1 and 2 Funerals and commemorations of artists Day of the Constitution of May 3, 1791 Independence Day: November 11, 1918 Anniversaries of the country building wars of 1918-1920, of the Polish-Soviet War 1920 Anniversaries of the Warsaw Uprising 1944 (resistance), of Victory Day (May 8, 1945), the German assault on Poland and other critical occasions of the Second World War

Slide 13

May Constitution: May 3, 1791 (Matejko, 1891)

Slide 15

Case Study Grunwald festivities 1910 in Cracow

Slide 17

Functions of the festivals of Grunwald 1. Formation of custom 2. Making of group 3. Production of religious feeling 4. Production of character and representation of the adversary

Slide 18

Kopiec Grunwaldzki (slope devoted to Grunwald) in Niepolomice, 1910

Slide 19

Unveiling of the Grunwald landmark in Cracow July 15, 1910

Slide 21

Grunwald landmark

Slide 22

Detail

Slide 23

Rota Words by Maria Konopnicka 1908 Music by Feliks Nowowiejski, Cracow 1910

Slide 24

Cracow, 16 July 1910

Slide 25

Cracow, 16 July 1910

Slide 26

Cracow, 17 July 1910

Slide 27

"Pretty much as Grunwald imprints the start of the cognizance of national quality, the memory of Grunwald imprints the beginnings of awareness of the general population and the specialists." Bishop Bandurski in his sermon held in th e Church of St. . Mary on the event of the 500 th commemoration of the clash of Grunwald on July 21, 1910

Slide 28

Funeral of President Hindenburg August 1934 (German Grunwald Monument)

Slide 29

Memorial complex of Grunwald today

Slide 30

Grunwald festivities, July 15, 2002 close Stebark

Slide 31

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 32

Russia February 23 Protector of the Motherland Day March 8 International Women\'s Day May 1 Spring and Labor Day May 9 Victory Day (Over German Nazism in WW2) June 12 Independence Day (Russia Day) November 4  Day of National Unity

Slide 34

Ukraine  March 8       International Women\'s Day        May 1 and 2    The Day of the International Solidarity of the Workers        May 9            Victory Day        June 28         Constitution Day        August 24      Independence Day

Slide 36

Poland May 1 May Day May 3 Constitution Day November 11 Independence Day

Slide 37

Constitution Day, Warsaw, 2005

Slide 38

Outline Celebrating the country 2. Russia 3. Ukraine 4. Poland 5 . National occasions today 6. Conclusion

Slide 39

Conclusion – Functions of national festivals Strengthening national solidarity Inclusion and rejection Ritualized perception of the country Defining the country\'s past Raising the soul of the country Stabilizing the current political request or requiring a modification/upset

Recommended
View more...