Court and Settling.

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Double Court System. Government Court System State Court Systems. Locale overfederal wrongdoings. Purview exaggerate wrongdoings. . . Four Tier Court System. Lower Criminal CourtsThese courts are constrained in what they can do. They for the most part canhear minor cases andconduct some pretrialactivities for more critical ones..
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Court and Adjudication Structure of American Courts Management of Courts To Be a Judge Prosecutorial Systems Defense Attorneys The Courtroom: How it Functions

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Dual Court System Federal Court System State Court Systems Jurisdiction over government wrongdoings Jurisdiction over state violations

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Four Tier Court System Lower Criminal Courts These courts are constrained in what they can do. They for the most part can hear minor cases and direct some pretrial exercises for more vital ones. Bring down Courts This is additionally alluded to as restricted locale !

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Courts of Record Official court records that can suffice as a record of the procedures of a case and can serve as the reason for an interest. Some lower courts don\'t have this qualification.

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State Trial Courts General power to lead trial and pretrial exercises in all criminal cases. These are courts of record. Listen "bids" from lower courts as "trial all over again." Jurisdiction over lawful offenses Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction

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State Appeals Court Appellate courts don\'t attempt a case. An interest depends on some dispute of law. Commonly more than one judge surveys a case. Investigative Courts

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States Court of Last Resort Each State has a court of final resort. In many occasions, this is alluded to as the State Supreme Court.

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Appellate Courts Appellate Court Decisions Rights of bid dictated by law. Request is not another trial. Survey of past trial for procedural mistakes. May be 2 levels of bids courts. Arrange another trial Allow respondent to go free Uphold (maintain) unique decision

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Federal Court Structure United States Supreme Court United States Courts of Appeal United States District Courts

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Federal Court Structure Each state has no less than one Federal District 94 Districts all through the U.S. Essential trial court of the U.S. framework United States District Courts

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United States Courts of Appeal Federal Court Structure Also called the Circuit Courts in light of the fact that the ward covers a substantial geological range Usually situated in significant urban communities Reviews cases from lower court Cases include sacred issues

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United States Supreme Court Federal Court Structure Highest court in the land; court of final resort Decisions get to be points of reference (milestone choices) May listen/not hear most cases Uses writ of certiorari to get case records

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United States Supreme Court Federal Court Structure 9 Justices (1 Chief Justice, 8 Associate Justices) Full Court finds out about 100 cases for every year 4 Justices must vote to hear a case Majority, minorities & disagreeing suppositions

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Court Reform Courts not productive Questionable settling Fragmented Structure Solution Unified Court System Four Objectives of Unification

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Four Goals of a Unified Court System Eliminate covering and clashing jurisdictional limits Have courts financed by state government. Make a different faculty framework. Make a hierarchial and incorporated court structure with clear managerial duty.

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Unified versus Non-Unified

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Role of the Judge

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Who Becomes a Judge? Overwhelmingly white and male Connected Representation issues

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Functions of the Judge Adjudicator Negotiator Administrator

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What Do Judges Do? Prearrest stage Initial Appearance Preliminary Hearing Arraignment Pretrial Trial Sentencing

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How to Become a State Judge Gubernatorial Selection Legislative Selection Merit Selection Nonpartisan Election Partisan Election

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Judicial Qualifications differ by state Typical capabilities include: occupant of the state authorized to specialize in legal matters individual from the state bar affiliation 25 years of age or more seasoned under 70 years of age

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Selecting Federal Judges Appointed by the President Confirmed (guidance and assent) of the Senate Serve for a time of good conduct (ordinarily life)

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Prosecution Organization Politics Influence Roles Discretion Relationships Policies Defense Image versus Reality Role Realities Private Counsel Environment Counsel for Indigents Private versus Open Competence Prosecution and Defense

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Prosecutor Organization Attorney General U.S. Lawyer County Prosecutor

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Politics and Prosecution Generally chose, some designated Lack of overhead control Party fidelity Stepping stone office

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Influence of the Prosecutor Discretionary choices Low perceivability Vague criminal codes Community slant

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US Attorney Discretion and the War on Drugs

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Roles of the Prosecutor Politician Police Counsel Court Officer

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Prosecutorial Discretion *Broad Discretion *Relevant Criteria *Methods -Necessarily included offenses -Counts *Limited by Discovery *Nol Pros.

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Key Relationships of Prosecutor

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Decision Making Policies Legal Sufficiency Model System Sufficiency Model Trial Sufficiency Model Case Evaluation

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Criminal Defense Attorneys Image (TV, motion pictures, writing, and so forth.) Vital part in framework Reality of barrier lawyer

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Private Counsel Numbers and Attributes Types Environment Cochran Bailey Dershowitz

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Counsel for the Indigent Constitutional Right Cases Powell v. Alabama Betts v. Brady Gideon v. Wainwright Argersinger v. Hamlin Present Rule

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Methods of Providing Representation Assigned Counsel Contract Counsel Public Defender

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Defense Attorney Performance Private versus Open "P.D." = open safeguard or jail conveyance Attorney ability Strickland v. Washington (1984) requires : demonstrate guidance\'s execution inadequate; and lacking execution preferential resistance

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Realities of the Criminal Court System A nearby lawful culture exists where standards are shared by individuals in the matter of how cases ought to be taken care of. The courts are frequently a scene where an air exists to "work things out" among the members. The utilization of supplication transactions and other nonjudicial contrasting options to "work things out" is more basic than a formal trial prepare.

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The Courtroom Work Group The court world class of prosecutors, judges, and safeguard lawyers whose essential mission is the manner of criminal cases.

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