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Spaniards overlooked Cuba on the grounds that it didn't have any gold. Spaniards settled in the ... Cuba swung to Chinese and Mexican Indians to give the work to ...
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CUBA Geography History Climate Flora and Fauna Government Economy Population Education Society Arts

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Geography Long thin island, size of Louisiana 1250 km East to West 31-191 km North to South Forested mountains (25%) Highest pinnacle, Pico Turquino (1972 m) Biggest stream, Rio Cauto Separate Island – Isla de Pino in my time now Isla de la Juventud

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History - 1 Native Americans since no less than 2000 BC Guanahatabey in the West Siboney in whatever remains of the nation 100,000 Taino Indians in Cuba when Columbus touched base in 1492 Columbus named the nation "Juana" Columbus thought he had landed in Asia Columbus did not understood that Cuba was an island Sebastian de Ocampo verified that Cuba was an island in 1508

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History - 2 Spaniards disregarded Cuba since it didn\'t have any gold. Spaniards settled in the Dominican Republic A Spaniards situated in Hispanola, Diego the Velazquez drove troops over to Cuba to set up Baracoa, Santiago de Cuba, Bayamo, Camaguey, Santo Espirito, Trinidad and Habana in 1512 Spaniards slaughtered a huge number of Indians Spaniards additionally brought ailments like little pox that the Indians had no imperviousness to. Indian populace declined to 5000 by 1550

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History-3 Indian work was substituted by African slave work for sugar stick advancement Economy for the most part dairy cattle farming, calfskin until tobacco improvement in 1580. Spaniards built up an imposing business model on the purchase and offer of tobacco Ships loaded with products would leave for Spain each late spring. Privateers noted and assaulted these boats in Habana and Santiago de Cuba Led to the fortress of those harbors. Each got a braced manor (Morro) at the passage

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History-4 Other European nations saw all the exchange the Caribbean, British secure Jamaica in 1655, Haiti got to be French property in 1697 Britain possessed Habana in 1762. In 1763 Cuba was come back to Spain in exchange for Florida, Spain additionally got Louisiana Cuba was the significant supplier of sugar to the US after 1783. By 1820, Cuba was the biggest supplier of sugar on the planet

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History 5 By 1825 most South American nations had gotten to be free, however the US favored that Cuba stay under Spanish control In 1848, the US attempted to purchase Cuba for $100M In 1854, the offer was $120M By 1862, Britain began to implement impediment in the exchange of African slaves. Cuba swung to Chinese and Mexican Indians to give the work to the sugar business. In 1868, eastern Cuba bolstered the cancelation of bondage, yet the west did not. A common war advanced

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History 6 By 1890 Spain adjusted their practices and subjugation blurred away in Cuba. In the 1880\'s the US built up a great deal of enthusiasm for Cuba, purchased bankrupt sugar ranches and numerous Cuban grower needed Cuba to be added to the US. US President Jefferson upheld that Independent speculation began to develop in Cuba. Jose Marti an artist, writer, and so on that had gone through Mexico and the US supported for autonomy for Cuba

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History - 7 Marti enlisted General Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo to lead the freedom development. They arrived in eastern Cuba and Marti was slaughtered promptly in 1895. Gomez and Maceo continued west and vanquished the vast majority of the nation. In 1897, the Spanish Prime Minister that was against autonomy for Cuba was killed in Spain. Spain attempted to persuade the Cubans to receive Home Rule under the Spanish banner. This was rejected.

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History - 8 The US gets in the demonstration in 1898, sends Maine to protect US interests in Habana. Send detonated. US offers to purchase Cuba for $300M. In April US announced war on Spain over Cuba. Real fight at San Juan Hill, 700 Spaniards versus 6000 US troops drove by Teddy Roosevelt. Spaniards attempted to leave Santiago. Vessel burst into flames. Spain surrenders in July. US didn\'t permit Cubans to go to the surrender functions since they were dark.

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History - 9 US not able to assume control Cuba, since Senator Teller had added an arrangement to the bill approving the war, that Cuba must be administered without anyone else assurance. So Cuba was set under \'US military occupation\'. Commanders Brooke and Wood were the primary governors of Cuba. Wood had a gathering draft a constitution in 1900 US Senator Platt, connected a rider to the 1901 Army charge giving the US the privilege to intercede militarily in Cuba at whatever time the US esteemed it reasonable

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History - 10 US secures Guantanamo Bay Base in 1903 Cuba acquires freedom in 1902 Tomas Estrada Palma first president People rebellion in 1906 and the US mediated. US senator until 1909. Consent to have interchange Presidents from Liberals and Conservatives First Liberal President, Jose Miguel Gomez endured until 1912 when the US mediated once more. What\'s more, again in 1917 Gerardo Machado, Liberal, President amid the Depression. Toppled in 1933 by Batista

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History – 11 Fulgencio Batista, Army Sergeant to assume a critical part for the following 25 years Platt alteration crossed out in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt Batista ruled until 1944. Frail Presidents Grau and Prio succeed him Batista organized a military overthrow (sponsored by US) in 1952 In 1953, Castro assaulted the Moncada Cuartel (Barrack) in Santiago de Cuba. In 1955 and 1958 Batista is \'re-chosen\' in fixed races

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History – 12 In 1956, Castro touches base in Granma watercraft from Mexico. Moves into the Sierra Maestra mountains In 1958, Castro strengths assaulted a few government station and on December 31, 1958 Batista leaves for Dominican Republic Castro\'s powers take control on Jan 1, 1959. Communist Revolution: agrarian change \'offer land to those that work the land\', annul racial separation, instructive change increment proficiency rate all through the nation to almost 100%

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History – 13 In 1959, Castro meets with VP Richard Nixon in Washington In 1960, numerous enterprises (oil refineries, electrical plants, mining operations, sugar factories, and so on) are nationalized; experts and financial specialists leave Cuba In 1961, Bay of Pigs fizzled attack In 1962, Missile emergency, Cuba removed from OAS, US ban Late 1960\'s, contribution in Africa In the 1970, inclusion in Ethiopia

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Climate Temperatures somewhere around 22 and 27 C Relative Humidity 75 to 85% Breezes continually blowing, ocean to-land or land-to-ocean Hurricanes are basic

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Flora and Fauna Typical tropical widely varied vegetation Hot zone (bring down height) sugar stick, mangoes, avocados, palm trees, lemon, oranges, grapefruit, nisperos, guanabana, and so on Temperate zone-espresso, mahogany Swap zone expansive reptiles

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Government Discussed broadly in the History area Predominantly fascisms Weak vote based framework Strong US impact for better or for more regrettable

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Economy Sugar Cattle Tourism Mining Tobacco Fishing Biotechnology

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Population 11M residents, 2.1 M in Habana Officially, 66% white, 12% Black and 22% mulato Others watch that around half of the populace is of blended race Small gathering of chinese

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Education 94.5% Literacy rate Education to 9 th level is mandatory Education at all levels is free 47 organizations of higher taking in, a few of them offer doctorates

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Society and Religion Prior to the Castro Revolution, there were no less than five classes: The Very fortunate that barely ever worked, Well off and Middle class that worked entirely difficult to keep up their position, the basic work that would additional normal hours and the bums. After the transformation, the Very fortunate were the administrators in the legislature; the Well off, Middle class and work consolidated. Prior to the Revolution 85% of the populace were ostensible Catholics, 10% of which went to chapel, right now 5%attend church. Specialists more inclined to be Protestants or Baptists

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Arts Many achieved Cuban artists perform all through the world Cubans have a tendency to be magnificent artists Several proficient essayists. Jose Marti the most popular artist. A few novel authors. A few movies have been created in Cuba yet as a rule under an outside chief

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Sources of Information Cuba, a Lonely Planet travel survival pack, David Stanley, 1 st ed, 1997, Lonely Planet Publications, Australia Insight Guide: Cuba, Danny Aeberhard, Editor, APA Publications GmbH & Co, Verlag KG, Singapore,1999

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