Cucumber Cultivars and Social Practices for Porch Planting.


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Numerous individuals in the U.S. have little yards, with constrained vegetable cultivating space ... The Edible holder patio nursery: developing new sustenance in little spaces. ...
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Conceptual Cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.) is a standout amongst the most mainstream vegetables developed in U.S. home patio nurseries. The targets of this study were to recognize appropriate cultivars and legitimate plant thickness for use with holder developed cucumber. Extra targets were to decide the estimation of field trials for foreseeing cucumber execution in holders, and to assess distinctive plant sorts (smaller person versus tall, gynoecious versus monoecious, pickling versus cutting) for compartment use. Fourteen cultivars and reproducing lines were tried at three densities in two seasons utilizing a randomized complete square outline with six replications. Pickling cucumbers were M 21, M 27, NC-74, \'NC-Danbury\', \'NC-Dixon\', \'Sumter\', \'Vlaspik\', and \'Picklebush\'. Cutting cucumbers were \'Shrubbery Whopper II\', \'Spacemaster 80\', \'Bramble Champion\', \'Marketmore 76\', \'Dasher II\', and \'Cherokee 7\'. Plant densities were one, two, or three plants for every compartment. For both the spring and summer holder trials, there were relating field trials keep running in the meantime for correlation. Best execution was gotten utilizing three plants for each holder, or 4 L of soil volume per plant. There was a solid, noteworthy connection amongst\'s yard and field trials, allowing plant specialists to pick cucumber cultivars with high return, high caliber, and infection resistance utilizing information from field trials. Pickling sort cucumbers have more slender skin than cutting sort cucumbers that were reared for transportation. Gynoecious sorts must be planted with monoecious cultivars to guarantee organic product set. Monoecious sorts can self fertilize, and have the extra point of interest of longer collect period. Accordingly, home plant specialists may need smaller person, monoecious, pickling sorts for best execution in holders. The best cultivar of that sort was \'NC-Danbury\'. Table 1. Suggested cucumber cultivars for porch creation (number of proposals in light of writing suggestions). No. Cultivars being suggested 6 Spacemaster 4 Bush Champion, Salad Bush 3 Picklebush, Pot Luck, Salad Bush half and half 2 Burpee Hybrid II, Bush Crop, Bush Pickle Hybrid, Fanfare 1 Burpee Hybrid, Burpee Pickler, Bush Whopper, Cornichon de Bourbonne, Marketmore, Patio Pik, Pickalot, Sweet Success, Victory Table 2. Natural product yield and vine information for 3 cultivars and 3 densities tried in porch compartments . Plants Yield Early Marketable Vine len. Gynoecy PM DM Cultivar /pot g/pot g/pot % mm 1-9 0-9 0-9 Dasher II 1 1478 488 78 733 7.3 1.0 3.2 2 1695 503 74 704 7.4 1.0 3.0 3 2036 625 77 666 7.1 1.0 3.0 Vlaspik 1 1628 649 82 567 8.0 1.0 3.3 2 1383 593 85 455 7.6 1.0 3.3 3 2082 726 84 475 8.0 1.0 3.8 NC-Danbury 1 1381 305 72 969 4.9 1.0 4.0 2 1665 431 91 995 4.8 1.0 3.5 3 1799 435 86 973 4.7 1.3 3.5 z Data are method for 2 seasons and 6 replications summed more than 8 harvests. Table 3. Natural product yield and sex expression information for 14 cultivars and 2 seasons tried in yard holders versus field plots. z Total yield Early yield Marketable fruit Gynoecious rating Cultivar or (g/pot) (Mg/ha) (g/pot) (Mg/ha) (%) (%) (1-9) (1-9) reproducing line Patio Field Patio Field Patio Field Patio Field Pickling sort NC-Danbury 2321 39.5 461 4.4 91 89 3.7 5.0 NC-Dixon 2404 55.9 507 10.6 91 91 3.7 6.0 M 21 1671 42.3 552 8.9 85 79 3.8 7.0 M 27 1792 26.4 348 1.1 82 87 4.3 4.0 NC-74 2397 33.1 650 5.1 93 94 3.8 4.0 Picklebush 2593 53.7 764 8.0 88 90 3.8 4.0 Sumter 2011 49.1 688 7.9 86 85 3.5 5.0 Vlaspik 2820 64.3 885 15.6 95 81 8.2 9.0 Slicing sort Bush Champion 2253 50.3 401 6.6 80 82 3.5 5.0 Bush Whopper II 1996 25.2 378 0.0 93 82 4.3 3.0 Cherokee 7 2661 65.5 771 24.9 78 84 5.8 4.0 Dasher II 2555 63.6 794 19.4 80 92 7.0 7.0 Marketmore 76 2344 33.2 401 2.2 90 96 5.2 3.0 Spacemaster 80 3047 61.4 756 22.1 83 76 7.5 6.0 r (porch versus field) 0.93** 0.73** 0.68** 0.51* z Data are method for 2 seasons and 6 replications summed more than 8 harvests. Cucumber Cultivars and Cultural Practices for Patio Gardening Melisa Crane and Todd C. Wehner Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609 NC STATE UNIVERSITY Results Patio Trial - Yield in the spring was 300% higher than the late spring season - Yield was most astounding at 3 plants/holder (Table 2) - Pickling sort would be a decent decision for the slender skin on the organic product - Slicing sort would be a decent decision for more keeping capacity - No expansion in fine or wool buildup with expanding plant thickness - Monoecious sort has longer gather season; does not require a pollenizer - Dwarf sort consumes less yard room Best monoecious diminutive person cultivar was \'NC-Danbury\' (Figure 2) Patio versus Field Trial - Strong relationships amongst\'s porch and field (Table 3) - For aggregate yield (r=0.93), early yield (r=0.73) - For % attractive organic product (r=0.68), fine mold (r=0.74) - Patio nursery workers can get great data from field trial distributions Introduction - Cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.) positions as a noteworthy vegetable harvest the world over - Many individuals in the U.S. have little yards, with restricted vegetable cultivating space - Container planting is expanding quickly in the U.S. - There are restricted augmentation suggestions for cucumber creation in compartments - There are some cultivar proposals, however they are not predictable (Table 1) - Objectives: determine best conditions for holder generation of cucumber determine best sorts of cucumbers for use in holder generation recommend a few cultivars appropriate for compartment creation Methods - Location: Horticultural Crops Research Station in Clinton, NC - Design: 14 cultigens, 3 plant densities, 2 seasons, 6 replications, 8 harvests - Spring season planted 9 May; summer season planted 11 August - Pickling cucumbers: M 21, NC-74, M 27, \'NC-Danbury\', \'NC-Dixon\', \'Sumter\', \'Vlaspik\', "Picklebush" - Slicing cucumbers: \'Shrubbery Whopper II\', \'Spacemaster 80\', \'Bramble Champion\', \'Marketmore 76\', \'Dasher II\', and \'Cherokee 7\' Patio Trial - Container size: 12 L, with 1, 2, or 3 plants - Spacing: 1.5 x 1.5 m on raised beds secured with dark plastic (Figure 1) - Irrigation: 1 hour for each day in the morning (stream rate of 12 L/hr) Field Trial - Plots were single 6.1 m columns with 1.5 m rear ways at every end - Rows were 1.5 m separated (focus to focus) References 1. Bass, L. 1999. Holder vegetable cultivating. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. Raleigh, NC. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8105.html 2. Bennett, P.J. Developing cucumbers in the home greenery enclosure. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet. Columbus, OH. www.ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-actuality/1000/1608.html Bowman, D.P. 2002 Container gardens: all that you have to know not, plant, and tend to a wonderful, low-support garden. Michael Friedman Publisher Group, Inc. New York, NY. 4. Crandall, C. also, B. Crandall. 1996. Grower, holders, & raised beds. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. New York, NY 5. Cantliffe, D.J. what\'s more, Phatak, S.C. 1975. Porch cucumbers, p. 10. In: A.A. Smith (ed.). About Cucumbers. Harvard Press, New York, NY. Demboski K., A. Swanberg, J.C. Martin. 2001. Holder vegetable planting. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet. Columbus, OH. www.ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-truth/1000/1647.html 7. Guerra, M. 2000. The Edible compartment garden: developing new nourishment in little spaces. Simon & Schuster. New York, NY 8. Gurney\'s Seed & Nursery 2005 list. Greendale, IN. www.gurneys.com 9. Harlan, J.R. 1975. Products and Man. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 10. Harrison, H.C. 1996. Compartment planting. College of Wisconsin-Extension handout A3382. http://www1.uwex.edu/ces/bars McGee, R.M.N. what\'s more, M. Stuckey. 2002. The Bountiful holder. Laborer Publishing Company. New York, New York. SAS Institute. 2005. SAS/STAT User\'s aide, Release 9.1 version. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC. 13. Sanders, D.C. 1997. Vegetable product watering system. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service. Raleigh, NC http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-33-e.html Schultheis, J.R. 2002. New market creation cucumbers. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service. Raleigh, NC http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-14.html Southern Exposure Seed Exchange 2005 Catalog & Garden Guide. www.southernexposeure.com 16. U.S. Evaluation Bureau. 2002. Populace profile of the United States: 2002. Ch 7: The spots individuals live: lodging, 1999. http://www.census.gov/populace/pop-profile/2000/chap07.pdf U.S. Division of Agriculture. 2005. Farming measurements. U.S. Branch of Agr., National Agricultural Statistics Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.usda.gov/nass/bars/agr05/05_ch4.PDF University of California at Davis. Home vegetable planting. Vegetable and Information Center. Davis, CA. http://vric.ucdavis.edu/veginfo/ware/garden/crops/cucumber.pdf 19. W.Atlee Burpee & Co. 2005. 2005 Seed Catalog. Warminster, PA. www.burpee.com Wehner, T.C. 1989. Rearing for enhanced yield in cucumber; in: J. Janick, ed. Plant Breed. Rev. 6: 323-359. 21. Wolford, R. furthermore, Banks, D. College of Illinois Extension. http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/veggies/cucumber1.html#5 22. Wright, R. 1934. The History of cultivating. Garden City, NY. Figure 1. Field design of compartments for cucumber test demonstrating dark plastic mulch, dribble watering system, and electric wall, spring 2005, Clinton, NC. Figure 2. Leafy foods of \'NC-Danbury\' (smaller person determinate pickling sort) and \'Dasher II\' (tall-vague cutting sort) cucumber half breeds.

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