Advanced Automotive Technology by Russell Krick Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois PowerPoint forSlide 2
Chapter 4 Power Tools and EquipmentSlide 3
Contents Compressed-air framework Air instruments Electric apparatuses Hydraulic devices Shop gearSlide 4
Power Tools and Equipment Power devices driven by compacted air, power, or pressurized fluid Shop hardware huge shop devices, for example, floor jacks, parts cleaning tanks, and steam cleanersSlide 5
Compressed-Air System Components include: air compressor carriers weight controller channel and lubricator Air devices are driven by the packed air frameworkSlide 6
Compressed-Air SystemSlide 7
Air Compressor Source of compacted air for a car administration office Turns on and off naturally to keep up a preset weight in the framework Metal aircrafts encourage a few areas in the shopSlide 8
Air Hoses Made of adaptable, high-weight hose Connected to the metal lines from the air compressor Allow the expert to take a wellspring of gaseous tension to the vehicle being repaired Quick-separate connectors permit a specialist to interface or detach hoses or devices without utilizing a wrenchSlide 9
Other Components Pressure controller used to set a particular weight in the framework (100-150 psi, or 689-1034 kPa) Filter traps water so it can be depleted day by day Lubricator brings oil into the airstream expands the life of air devicesSlide 10
Air Tools Use pneumatic force for operation Labor-sparing gadgets that are certainly justified regardless of their expense Always grease up an air device before utilize a couple drops of oil secures the inner parts of the deviceSlide 11
Air (Impact) Wrench Provides a quick method for introducing or evacuating strung clasp â 3/8â, 1/2â, and 3/4â commute sizes are utilizedSlide 12
Air Ratchet Impact wrench intended to work in a constrained space â generally found in 1/4â and 3/8â commuteSlide 13
Impact Sockets and Extensions Must be utilized with air wrenches Case solidified, thicker, and much more grounded than routine attachments and expansions Impact devices are level dark, rather than chrome Using a chrome device on an effect wrench can be hazardousSlide 14
Air Hammer (Chisel) Useful amid different driving and cutting operations Capable of delivering around 1000-4000 effects for every moment Several cutting or pounding connections are accessibleSlide 15
Air Hammer (Chisel) Always wear wellbeing glasses when utilizing an air hammerSlide 16
Blowgun Commonly used to dry and clean parts washed in dissolvable When utilizing a blowgun: wear eye insurance coordinate the impact of air far from yourself as well as other people don\'t blow brake and grasp parts perfect as the dust may contain asbestosSlide 17
Blowgun Drying a section subsequent to cleaning it in dissolvable. May additionally be utilized to blow tidy and free earth from parts before dismantlingSlide 18
Solvent Gun Used to wash parts that won\'t fit into a cleaning tankSlide 19
Air Drill Power and pivoting rate can be set to coordinate the current task â used to bore gaps, pound, clean, and clean partsSlide 20
Rotary Brush Used in a drill for clearing off carbon stores, rust, or old gasketsSlide 21
Abrasive Pad Another kind of cleaning instrument that can be utilized as a part of a drill Used for uprooting old gasket material Does not scratch aluminum like a rotational brush canSlide 22
Rotary File (Stone) Used in a drill or bite the dust processor Handy for evacuating metal burrs and scratches Maximum rate is imprinted on the record or stone compartmentSlide 23
Rotary File (Stone) Using a pass on processor outfitted with a rapid stoneSlide 24
Electric Tools There are numerous electric apparatuses that can be valuable to an expert These may incorporate a drill press, processor, or convenient drillSlide 25
Bench Grinder Used for crushing, cleaning, or cleaning Usually has two wheels: granulating wheel â utilized for honing and deburring wire wheel â utilized for cleaning and cleaningSlide 26
Using a Bench GrinderSlide 27
Bench Grinder Rules Always wear eye insurance and keep your hands far from the wheel Make beyond any doubt the processor shields are set up Keep the device rest balanced near the wheel Do not utilize a wire wheel to clean aluminum or metal partsSlide 28
Drills Used to make gaps in metal and plastic parts May be versatile or mounted on a workbench or the floorSlide 29
Bits Drills utilization boring apparatus, or turn drills, to penetrate openings in metal and plastic parts Made of carbon steel or fast steel High-speed steel is better due to its imperviousness to warmSlide 30
Drill BitSlide 31
Chuck Key Used to fix a bore in the drill throwSlide 32
Portable Electric Drill Size of a drill is a sign of the limit of its hurl â basic sizes are 1/4â, 3/8â, and 1/2âSlide 33
Drill Press Large, floor-mounted or seat mounted drill required for boring expansive gaps, profound gaps, or an awesome number of gaps in a few sections Handle permits the bit to be squeezed into the work with expanded powerSlide 34
Drill PressSlide 35
Drill Press Rules Remove the key from the toss before turning on the drill press Secure the part to be bored in a tight clamp or with C-cinches Use an inside punch to indent the part and begin the gap Release weight just before the bit gets through the part\'s base Oil the bit as requiredSlide 36
Hydraulic Tools controlled by pressurized fluid Typical water powered devices utilized as a part of the car shop: jacks cranes pressesSlide 37
Floor Jack Used to raise either the front, sides, or back of a vehicle To stay away from vehicle harm, put the seat under a strong piece of the auto, for example, the casing, suspension arm or hub lodgingSlide 38
Floor JackSlide 39
Raising a Vehicle Place the transmission in nonpartisan and discharge the stopping brake permits the vehicle to move, keeping it from pulling off the jack Turn the jack handle clockwise and pump the handle After raising, secure vehicle on jack stands, shift it into park, apply the stopping brake and square the wheelsSlide 40
Lowering a Vehicle Use the jack to lift the vehicle off the jack stands Remove the jack stands, move the vehicle into unbiased, discharge the stopping brake, and uproot the wheel chocks Turn the handle counterclockwise gradually to discharge the weight discharge valveSlide 41
Transmission Jack Designed to hold transmissions amid evacuation and establishment May be like a story jack (low) May utilize a long post that can achieve high into the air for utilization when an auto is on a liftSlide 42
Transmission Jack This pressure driven stand can be reached out to a stature of 72âSlide 43
Engine Crane Uses a water powered hand jack for raising motors and a weight discharge valve for bringing down motorsSlide 44
Hydraulic Press Used to introduce or uproot gears, pulleys, course, seals, and different parts obliging a high pushing power Hydraulic ram stretches out as the pump handle is worked Ram presses the parts against a tableSlide 45
Hydraulic PressSlide 46
Shop Equipment There are different bits of shop hardware that a professional may discover helpful These include: tire changers stands cleaners welders lights and creepersSlide 47
Arbor Press Creates squeezing power by mechanical means Operating weight is much lower than a pressure driven press Suited for littler employmentsSlide 48
Tire Changer Used to evacuate and supplant tires on wheels May be pneumatic or hand worked Do not endeavor to work a tire changer without preparing and supervision Follow the manufacturerâs headingsSlide 49
Jack Stands After raising a vehicle with a jack, dependably bolster it with jack stands set under the edge, hub lodging, or suspension armSlide 50
Engine Stand Used to hold a motor once it is expelled from the vehicle Engine fasteners to the stand Engine can more often than not be turned and held in diverse positions, making it simple to chip away atSlide 51
Cold Solvent Tank Contains a pump, repository, and dissolvable âu sed to expel oil and oil from partsSlide 52
Steam Cleaner and High-Pressure Washer Used to uproot substantial stores or soil, oil, and oil from the outside of huge gatherings: motors, transmissions, and transaxles Wire brush the thing to be cleaned and gather oil-doused soil before washing Dispose of the oil-splashed material legitimatelySlide 53
High-Pressure WasherSlide 54
Oxyacetylene Torch Used to cut, curve, weld, or braze metal partsSlide 55
Welder Uses high ebb and flow to make an electric start, or bend Arc is sufficiently hot to liquefy and circuit metal parts together Be certain to finish fitting preparing before endeavoring to weldSlide 56
Arc WelderSlide 57
Soldering Gun (Iron) Used to join wires Electric momentum warms the weapon\'s tip Hot firearm tip is utilized to warm the wires Solder is connected to the hot wires and it melts bind is a lead-tin compound When the patch cools, it solidifies into an in number, strong associationSlide 58
Soldering Gun (Iron) A. Fastening iron B. Welding weaponSlide 59
Battery Charger Used to revive a dead auto battery Forces current through the battery and realigns the particles Red charger lead interfaces with the positive (+) battery terminal Black charger lead unites with the negative (- ) battery terminal Connect leads before turning on the charger to abstain from arcingSlide 60
Droplight Provides a compact wellspring of Light can be taken to the repair zone under the vehicle or in the motor compartment Beware of an electric stun peril when taking a shot at a wet vehicle Use alert when evacuating a fuel tank on the off chance that you drop a light on the floor, a blasting globule can touch off gasSlide 61
Types of Droplights A. Droplight B. Drop or additional string C. Three-prong connector with ground wire D. Fluorescent dr
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