Cutting edge European Scholarly History.

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We are an incensed Wind, tearing the filthy material of mists and petitions to God, planning ... rapidly, without a biased subject, sufficiently quick not to recall and not ...
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Current European Intellectual History Lecture 17 The Interwar Avant Garde

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diagram introduction Marcel Duchamp and the move against "retinal workmanship" Dadaism surrealism conclusion

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Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)

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"Bare Descending a Staircase" (1912)

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"The Passage from Virgin to Bride" (1912)

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"The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even" (1915-23)

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"delay in glass" "completely unfinished"

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"the Readymades" "Bike Wheel" (1913)

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"Bottle Rack" (1913)

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"Wellspring" (1917)

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"L.H.O.O.Q." (1919)

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elucidations to be outrageous Greenberg: "the stunning, embarrassing, startling, the beguiling and puzzling, got to be held onto as closures in themselves and no more lamented as beginning symptoms of masterful novelty that would wear off with nature." to maintain a strategic distance from character, propensity, routine Jules Laforgue: "[T]he thought of freedom would be to live with no propensities. Goodness, what a fantasy! What a fantasy! It\'s sufficient to make you insane! An entire presence without a solitary demonstration being created or impacted by propensity. Each demonstration a demonstration in itself." Duchamp: "The individual, man as a man, man as a mind, in the event that you like, interests me more than what he makes, since I\'ve seen that most specialists just rehash themselves." "I have constrained myself to repudiate myself keeping in mind the end goal to abstain from adjusting to my own particular taste ."

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cont\'d to take a stab at generic quality and lack of concern to tear down the hindrance amongst workmanship and non-art "anti-craftsmanship" Peter Bürger, Theory of the Avant-Garde (1974) self-sufficient craftsmanship versus "reintegration with the praxis of life"

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cont\'d to annihilation desire of significance Chess as a contrasting option to craftsmanship: "I am still a casualty of chess. It has all the magnificence of craftsmanship - and considerably more. It can\'t be marketed. Chess is much purer than craftsmanship in its social position." 

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Given. 1. The Waterfall. 2. The Illuminating Gas (1946-66)

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Dada Zurich February 8, 1916, Café Voltaire, Zurich Hugo Ball Tristan Tzara (1869-1963) Richard Hülsenbeck Hans Arp "incitement exhibitions" "Dada means nothing."

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Dada Manifesto (1918) *There is a writing that does not achieve the unquenchable mass. It is the work of makers, issued from a genuine need in the creator, delivered for himself. It communicates the information of a preeminent vanity, in which laws wilt away. Each page must detonate, either by significant overwhelming reality, the hurricane, beautiful free for all, the new, the unceasing, the devastating joke, eagerness for standards, or by the path in which it is printed. From one viewpoint a tottering world in flight, pledged to the glockenspiel of damnation, then again: new men. Unpleasant, skipping, riding on hiccups. Behind them an injured world and abstract quacks with a craziness for improvement.I say unto you: there is no starting and we don\'t tremble, we are not wistful. We are an enraged Wind, tearing the messy cloth of mists and petitions, setting up the colossal scene of debacle, flame, decomposition.* We will put a conclusion to grieving and supplant tears by sirens shrieking starting with one mainland then onto the next. Structures of extreme bliss and widowers with the pity of toxic substance. Dada is the billboard of reflection; promoting and business are likewise components of poetry.I crush the drawers of the cerebrum and of social association: spread unsettling wherever I go and cast my hand from paradise to damnation, my eyes from hellfire to paradise, reestablish the fruitful wheel of an all inclusive carnival to target powers and the creative ability of each individual.Philosophy is the issue: from which side might we take a gander at life, God, the thought or other wonders. All that one takes a gander at is false. I don\'t consider the relative result more essential than the decision amongst cake and fruits after supper. The arrangement of rapidly taking a gander at the opposite side of a thing with a specific end goal to force your supposition in a roundabout way is called logic, at the end of the day, wheeling and dealing over the soul of fricasseed potatoes while moving technique around it. On the off chance that I cry out:Ideal, perfect, perfect, Knowledge, learning, knowledge,Boomboom, boomboom, boomboom, I have given a really loyal rendition of advancement, law, ethical quality and all other fine qualities that different exceptionally savvy men have talked about in so manv books, just to reason that after all everybody moves to his very own boomboom, and that the essayist is qualified for his boomboom: the fulfillment of neurotic interest; a private chime for strange needs; a shower; financial challenges; a stomach with repercussions in life; the power of the spiritualist wand defined as the bunch of an apparition symphony made up of quiet fiddle bows lubed with channels made of chicken compost.

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Cont\'d With the blue eye-glasses of a blessed messenger they have exhumed the internal life for a dime of consistent appreciation. In the event that every one of them are correct and in the event that all pills are Pink Pills, let us strive for once not to be correct. A few people think they can clarify objectively, by thought, what they think. However, that is to a great degree relative. Therapy is a hazardous ailment, it puts to rest the counter target driving forces of men and systematizes the bourgeoisie. There is no extreme Truth. The rationalization is an entertaining component which guides us/in a dull sort of route/to the suppositions we had in any case. Does anybody feel that, by a moment refinement of rationale, he has exhibited reality and set up the accuracy of these feelings? Rationale detained by the faculties is a natural ailment. To this component savants constantly jump at the chance to include: the force of perception. Regardless this heavenly nature of the psyche is the verification of its ineptitude. We watch, we respect from one or more perspectives, we pick them among the millions that exist. Experience is likewise a result of chance and individual resources. Science appalls me when it turns into a theoretical framework, loses its character of utility-that is so pointless yet is in any event person. I disdain oily objectivity, and concordance, the science that finds everything all together. Go ahead, my kids, humankind . . . Science says we are the hirelings of nature: everything is all together, have intercourse and bash your brains in. Go ahead, my kids, mankind, kind average and writer virgins . . . I am against frameworks, the most satisfactory framework is on standard to have none. To finish oneself, to impeccable oneself in one\'s own particular humbleness, to fill the vessel with one\'s singularity, to have the fearlessness to battle for and against thought, the puzzle of bread, the sudden burst of a fiendish propeller into monetary lilies.... Each result of nausea fit for turning into an invalidation of the family is Dada; a challenge with the clench hands of its entire being occupied with ruinous activity: *Dada; learning of the considerable number of means rejected as of not long ago by the shamefaced sex of agreeable trade off and great conduct: Dada; abrogation of rationale, which is the move of those inept to make: Dada; of each social chain of importance and condition set up for qualities by our valets: Dada; each item, all articles, notions, obscurities, ghosts and the exact conflict of parallel lines are weapons for the battle: Dada; nullification of memory: Dada; cancelation of paleontology: Dada; annulment of prophets: Dada; nullification without bounds: Dada; total and undeniable confidence in each god that is the quick result of spontaneity:* Dada; rich and fair jump from a congruity to the next circle; direction of a word hurled like a shrieking phonograph record; to regard all people in their habit existing apart from everything else: whether it be not kidding, frightful, tentative, fervent, vivacious, decided, energetic; to strip one\'s congregation of each futile awkward extra; to release offensive or affectionate thoughts like a brilliant waterfall, or cosset them - with the amazing fulfillment that it doesn\'t make a difference at all with the same power in the brush of one\'s spirit immaculate of creepy crawlies for blood well-conceived, and plated with assemblages of chief heavenly messengers. Flexibility: Dada, a thundering of tense hues, and joining of contrary energies and of all disagreements, grotesques, irregularities: LIFE

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surrealism André Breton (1896-1966) Louis Aragon Max Ernst (1891-1976) René Magritte (1898-1967) Salvador Dali Yves Tanguy (1900-1955) Luis Buñuel (1900-1983) First Surrealist Manifesto (1924)

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"standards" antagonistic vibe to reality "The practical state of mind, motivated by positivism, from Saint Thomas Aquinas to Anatole France, unmistakably appears to me to be threatening to any scholarly or good progression. I abhor it, for it is comprised of unremarkableness, detest, and dull vanity." surrealism as giving a higher or "super" reality "I trust later on determination of these two states, dream and reality, which are apparently so opposing, into a sort of total reality, a surreality, in the event that one may so speak." "Surrealism. n. masc. Unadulterated psychic automatism, in which an endeavor is made to express, either verbally, in composing or in some other way, the genuine working of thought. The transcription of thought, without all control by reason, barring any tasteful of good distraction."

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Cont\'d assault on books Raymond Roussel antagonistic vibe to rationale, esp. standards of language structure and punctuation "We are as yet living under the rule of rationale … . Be that as it may, nowadays legitimate strategies are material just to taking care of issues of auxiliary interest. … Under the misrepresentation of human advancement and advancement, we have figured out how to exile from the brain everything that may properly or wrongly be named superstition, or extravagant; illegal is any sort of quest for truth which is not in congruity with acknowledged practices."  the brilliant "Surrealism lays on the conviction i

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