Daily papers.

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Daily papers Impression of a Just Society Creating the Present day Press Martin Luther and John Calvin: distributed daily paper like broadsheets in the 1500s Daily papers initially showed up in Britain in the 1620s. Publick Event: first daily paper in the American settlements (1690)
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Daily papers Reflection of a Democratic Society

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Inventing the Modern Press Martin Luther and John Calvin: distributed daily paper like broadsheets in the 1500s Newspapers initially showed up in England in the 1620s. Publick Occurrence: first daily paper in the American provinces (1690) Boston News Letter : first to distribute numerous issues (1704)

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Benjamin and James Franklin James began the New England Courant in 1721: first daily paper distributed without support of the British government 16-year-old Benjamin assumes control after James is imprisoned. Benjamin Franklin acquired the Pennsylvania Gazette in 1729: highlighted first political toon presented the climate report as a standard element

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The Penny Press: Newspapers for the People Before 1830s, papers contained transporting news and political expositions. composed principally for the rich world class endorsed by political gatherings costly, as much as 6 pennies a day Average laborer may make 85 pennies a day accessible just by yearly membership, paid ahead of time

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Penny Press (cont.) September 3, 1833 — Benjamin Day starts distributed the New York Sun: paper’s adage was “It sparkles for all” modest, sold for a penny or two in the city determined the name penny press benefits came essentially from promoting income designed the idea of “news”

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A Modern Democratic Society Increase in number of papers in only 10 years: In 1830 — 650 weeklies and 65 dailies in the United States In 1840 — 1,241 weeklies and 138 dailies Changes created by mechanical upheaval: Shift from country to urban, farming to mechanical society People working for wages, acquiring purchaser merchandise Penny press —provided means for publicizing these products

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Pulitzer, Hearst, and the Battle for New York City Joseph Pulitzer went to the United States from Austria in 1864 to battle in U.S. Common War in 1878, purchased the St. Louis Post and Dispatch in 1883, purchased the falling flat New York World helped flow from 15,000 to more than 250,000 in 3 years credited with forming the present day front page included unmistakable stories “above the fold” connected with ladies and settler perusers set up Pulitzer Prize

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William Randolph Hearst started profession as manager of the San Francisco Examiner bought the New York Journal utilized thoughts created by Pulitzer as a part of his paper furious fight in the middle of Pulitzer and Hearst Yellow news coverage — stunning, sentiment reporting got from the Pulitzer-Hearst competition name got from prominent “Yellow Kid” comic highlighted in both Pulitzer’s and Hearst’s papers.

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The Newspaper Business Newspaper Conglomerates 1,500 day by day daily papers down 25 percent from 100 years back Chains — enterprises that control a critical number of daily papers or other media outlets Before World War II — 80 percent of daily papers were possessed autonomously Today — 80 percent claimed by chains

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Gannett: chain with the biggest dissemination ( USA Today ) possesses more than 90 day by day daily papers joined course of more or less 7.3 million objectives as high as 30 to 40 percent benefit

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National Newspapers USA Today (1982): “McPaper” serving up “News McNuggets” lost more than $800 million in first decade is discovered all around changed the look of daily papers vast constrained the business to reevaluate news needs 2.3 million every day flow

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The Wall Street Journal: holds out-dated look last real paper to begin utilizing shading uses pen-and-ink drawings over photographs the complete wellspring of budgetary news substantial national and worldwide news scope day by day course of 2 million

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The Christian Science Monitor (1908): claimed by the Christian Science church began by Mary Baker Eddy began because of yellow news-casting “appeal to the proficient, concerned and moral citizen” spread difficult issues, particularly global stories minimizes news about prescription and wellbeing 72,000 day by day dissemination

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English-Language International Newspapers International Herald Tribune (1887): distributed in Paris, dispersed in 180 nations Financial Times: possessed by Pearson organizations essentially a business daily paper The Wall Street Journal: distributes European and Asian releases

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The Metropolitan Press The New York Times : most powerful daily paper in United States 1.1 million day by day supporters 33% of them live outside of New York City purchased by Adolf Ochs in 1896 nicknamed “Gray Lady” on October 16, 1997, utilized shading photographs on front page

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The Metropolitan Paper (cont.) The Washington Post: Watergate made a national notoriety columnists Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein and proofreader Bill Bradlee notoriety discolored by Janet Cooke distributed invented news anecdote around eight-year-old heroin someone who is addicted, Jimmy embarrassment still hangs over the paper

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The Metropolitan Paper (cont.) The Los Angeles Times: increasing national notoriety as strong paper mainstreaming — citing nonwhite and nonmale sources in stories that aren’t about minority issues can bring about disarray with correspondents strategy built up to connect with minority perusers

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The Tabloids Tabloid daily papers: highlight 11x14 inch design normally have a spread instead of a front page Broadsheet daily papers: highlight standard 17 by 22 position Examples of Tabloids: The New York Daily News : huge photographs, tremendous features, sentiment stories January 13, 1928 spread including Ruth Snyder’s execution The Denver Rocky Mountain News: secured Columbine school shooting widely

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Community and Suburban Papers Community press — week after week and day by day daily papers serving individual groups or rural areas depend on Web vicinity 1,100 day by day, 1,200 nondaily group papers in United States steadfast perusers stories not being secured broadly

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News and Society News attributes: convenience nearness unmistakable quality result irregularity human premium

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News and Society (cont.) Sources, sponsors and perusers: editors progressively hoping to speak to publicists encompassing news stories with comparable advertisements Patriotism and the press 2006 — 92 writers have passed on in Iraq since March 2003 2006 alone — 32 killed in Iraq, 23 universally targets: purposely killed (Daniel Pearl)

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The Alternative Press Alternative papers — serve specific gatherings of people: Freedom’s Journal (1827): “Black subjects were people who were being dealt with unjustly” North Star (1847): Frederick Douglass, manager pushed for end of servitude, dark rights Chicago Defender (1905): benefit and additionally backing encouraged southern blacks to move north

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The Gay Press: The Washington Blade (1969) advances gay reasons, highlights issues Gay City News (New York City) acquired by a straight-claimed organization in 2002 focused on a gay crowd revenue driven, no more for just the advancement of gay culture Underground Papers: pull in youngsters being purchased up by chains

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The Future of Newspapers Are daily papers a withering medium? major urban papers: losing flow, staff reductions evening papers first loss verifiably Falling dissemination figures: in 2005, course fell 2.6 percent for dailies it fell 3.1 percent for Sunday papers accommodation variable still solid

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The eventual fate of daily papers (cont.) Newspapers and the Web: breaking news — news story that obliges continuous redesigning Web takes into consideration simple upgrading Breaking news online part of Dallas Morning News Oklahoma City Bombing, Clinton-Lewinsky stories broke online first favorable circumstances/issues of web distributed

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The fate of daily papers (cont.) What the Web offers daily papers: great at exhibiting intelligent components on breaking news Pew Research Center for the People and the Press: about 30 percent of individuals utilization Internet for news all the time more swing to network destinations as opposed to paper locales

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