Dark American Inventors and Innovators .


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Black American Inventors and Innovators. Assembled by Dr. Teshia Young Roby. About this Presentation.
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Dark American Inventors and Innovators Assembled by Dr. Teshia Young Roby

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About this Presentation What we think about early African American trend-setters comes generally from the work of Henry Edward Baker , a youthful African-American graduate of Harvard Law School. Bread cook was a collaborator patent analyst at the U.S. Patent Office who was committed to revealing and publicizing the commitments of Black designers. From the answers of a large number of enrolled patent lawyers to correspondence, Baker gathered almost 800 cases of checked licenses issued to blacks, which he asserted spoke to not as much as half of those really in presence. - Excerpted from Black Inventors , About.com

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Dedication The innovations and achievements of African Americans bring up the commitments that African Americans have made to the solace and progression of humankind. This affirmation of Black designers and trailblazers is in festivity of our overcome predecessors, our living illustrations, and our creating youngsters. Teshia Young Roby, PhD

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"The brain does not take its composition from the skin" — Frederick Douglass

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Leader of the Pack In 1821, Thomas Jennings was the main African American to get a patent. The patent was for a garments dry-cleaning process. The principal cash Jennings earned from his patent was spent on acquiring his family out of subjection and supporting the abolitionist cause. Patent #3306x

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How Sweet It Is! Norbert Rillieux altered in the sugar business by developing a refining procedure that decreased the time, cost, and danger required in delivering sugar from stick and beets Patent #4879

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A Snack Attack The potato chip was designed in 1853 by George Crum , a culinary expert at a get-away resort in New York. One day a coffee shop grumbled that the french-fries were too thick. After rehashed protests from the fastidious client, Crum at long last made fries that were too thin to eat with a fork, with expectations of irritating the client. The client, shockingly enough, was glad - and potato chips were developed!

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A Honorable Man In 1874, Edward Bouchet with distinction, turned into the main African American to move on from Yale. In 1876, when Dr. Bouchet earned a PhD in material science from Yale, he turned into the main African American to gain a doctorate degree from an American college.

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A Bright Idea In 1882, Lewis Latimer developed a modest carbon fiber, making the large scale manufacturing of lights conceivable. Latimer was the first sketcher for Thomas Edison and the main African American individual from the "Edison Pioneers." Latimer worked in the research facilities of both Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell (Latimer drafted the drawing for Bell\'s phone patent). In 1881, Latimer managed the establishment of the electric lights in New York, Philadelphia, Montreal, and London. Patent #252386

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Walk a Mile in His Shoes Jan Ernst Matzeliger concocted a shoemaking machine that expanded shoemaking speed by 900%! His patent was purchased by the United Shoe Machinery Company, which turned into a multimillion dollar enterprise, the biggest of its kind on the planet. Matzeliger, be that as it may, passed on in lack of definition at 36 years old in 1889. Patent #274207

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Very Much Kneaded Judy Reed may have been the main African American lady patent holder. In 1884, Reed connected for a patent for an enhanced mixture kneader and roller. The innovation made the way toward making bread considerably less work escalated and a great deal more clean. Reed might not have possessed the capacity to sign her name, as she marked her patent application with a "X." Patent #305474

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It\'s Goode to Be First Sarah Goode \'s patent was the initially affirmed patent got by an African-American lady creator. In 1885, Goode concocted the collapsing bureau bed, a space-saver that collapsed up against the divider into a bureau that could be utilized as a work area. Goode possessed a furniture store in Chicago and imagined the bed for individuals living in little condos. Patent #322177

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Straight to the Top Alexander Miles made incredible changes upon lift innovation in 1887 and made the main electric lift that included auto-shutting entryways as a security gadget. The innovation kept individuals from tumbling down exhaust lift shafts. Patent #371207

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He\'s No Phone-y Granville Woods spearheaded a few creations and enhancements in telecommunication and phone interchanges and electric streams utilized for railroads. Woods\' railroad creations were essential forerunners to the present metro frameworks around the globe. Woods went up against the intense Edison Company who tested his telephone developments in patent court. Woods won those patent rights, as well as ready to demonstrate his prior rights to creations guaranteed by Edison. Strangely, after Edison\'s second lawful misfortune to Woods, Edison offered Woods a position to work for him. Woods turned him down. Woods has more than 36 licenses, 14 of which are for electric railroads

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The Write Stuff In 1890, William Purvis made a few changes to the wellspring pen keeping in mind the end goal to make it a "more tough, modest, and better pen to convey in the pocket." The pen wiped out the requirement for an ink bottle by putting away ink in a store inside the pen which is then nourished to the pen\'s tip. Patent #419065

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Fly-ing High Entomologist, Dr. Charles Henry Turner was a prominent power on the conduct of creepy crawlies. In the mid 1890s he was the primary scientist to demonstrate that bugs can listen. Dr. Turner is still perceived as one of the main powers on bug learning and conduct more than 70 years after his demise.

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Mender of Broken Hearts In 1893, Dr. Daniel Williams played out the principal effective open-heart surgery by an American. In 1891 Dr. Williams established Provident Hospital for dark medical attendants. The healing center is presently the most seasoned dark claimed doctor\'s facility in the United States. In 1913, Dr. Williams was the main African-American in a gathering of 100 contract individuals from the American College of Surgeons and he established and turned into the primary VP of the National Medical Association.

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Fender Bender In 1895, Matthew Cherry developed the road auto bumper, which anticipated harm to vehicle travelers and harm to the road autos. An adjustment of Cherry\'s bumper can be found on every cutting edge vehicle. Patent #531908

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We All Scream for Ice Cream! In 1897, Alfred Cralle designed the dessert scooper, which gave a way to setting the solidified delectability on a sugar cone or into a bowl! Patent #576395

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A Hole in One Some golf clubs still today prohibit African Americans from utilizing their offices. It is peculiarly unexpected then that in 1899, George F. Concede, DDS was the first to patent the decreased golf tee. The golf tee permitted the golf ball to sit set up until the player was prepared to swing. Preceding Dr. Allow\'s innovation, players needed to make a hill of soil on which to position the golf ball. Patent #576395

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The Millionaires Club In the mid 1900s, Madame CJ Walker was the country\'s first independent female mogul of ANY race. Her hair items realm amassed over $2 million, which in 2003 would compare to practically $42 million!

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On the Safe Side In 1923, Garret Morgan got the principal patent for the movement flag. Morgan sold the rights to his movement motion for $40,000 (which likens to $432,000 in 2003). His activity flag, made with "Stop" and "Go" signs, went before the red, yellow, and greens lights that we utilize today. Morgan additionally composed a gas veil that was utilized to spare the lives of firefighters in Ohio and officers in WWI. Before his passing in 1963, Morgan was perceived by the US Government for his security commitments to society. Patent #1475024

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Drinking and Driving Richard Bowie Spikes was a man of numerous bright thoughts. In 1913 he licensed the vehicle turn signals. Initially utilized as a part of the Pierce-Arrow car, the signs soon got to be distinctly standard in all vehicles. In 1910 his licensed lager barrel tap was acquired by the Milwaukee Brewing Co. In 1919 Spikes planned a constant contact trolley post that was utilized on the well known San Francisco Key Line. In 1933, for his plans of enhanced transmission and rigging moving gadgets, Spikes got over $100,000 which would compare to $1.4 million in 2003. When his wellbeing brake gadget was finished in 1962, Spikes was regarded lawfully visually impaired. His braking creation can be found in school transports today. Patent #1889814

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The Gift of Life In the mid 1940s, Dr. Charles Drew concocted a strategy for safeguarding blood for longer periods than was standard at the time. Dr. Drew began the main blood donation center amid WWII and was in the long run selected the primary chief of the American Red Cross Blood Bank.

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Keep on Truckin\' In 1949, Fredrick Jones licensed a programmed refrigeration framework for whole deal trucks. This item changed the delivery and basic supply organizations. Jones\' creation empowered new and solidified products of the soil and other perishable things to be transported over wide separations and the world saw the rise of the " grocery store ." In 1961, Jones was after death granted the National Medal of Technology, one of the best respects an innovator could get. Jones was the principal Black creator to ever get such a respect. Patent #2475841

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Setting the Pace Dr. Otis Boykin is in charge of designing an electric resister utilized as a part of every single guided rocket, PCs, radios, TV sets and an assortment of electronic gadgets. Dr. Boykin\'s resistor lessened the cost of those items. Dr. Boykin additionally imagined a control unit for heart stimulators. His commitment to pacemaker innovation spared numerous

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