Democratization in Asia .


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Democratization in Asia. Causes, Processes, and Consequences. Outline. 3rd wave of democratization Causes economic cultural Processes Consequences economy security. Waves of Democratization.
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Democratization in Asia Causes, Processes, and Consequences

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Outline third influx of democratization Causes financial social Processes Consequences economy security

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Waves of Democratization ``A gathering of moves from nondemocratic to majority rule administrations that happen inside a predetermined timeframe and that fundamentally dwarf moves the other way amid that period"

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The First Two Waves A long and ease back wave from 1828 to 1926 An opposite rush of vote based breakdown from 1922 to 1942 A flood of democratization after World War II from 1943 to 1964 A converse influx of just breakdown from 1961 to 1975

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The Third Wave Started in Portugal and Spain in mid-1970s Spread to South America from late 1970s to mid 1980s Reached Asia in late 1980s Surge of moves in East Europe at end of 1980s South Africa 1990

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The Third Wave

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Causes of Regime Change

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Economic Explanation? All rich nations have law based organizations Among the 64 ``low-wage" nations ordered by the World Bank, India is the one and only in which fair foundations have survived persistently for over 10 years

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Economic Variable Economic advancement scattering of assets monetary pluralism social pluralism political pluralism

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Economic Variable Economic improvement white collar class interest for vote based system tip top dealing political convenience

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Economic Variable Economic improvement rising desires financial troubles famous discontent administration emergencies

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Cultural Explanation? Are Islam and the ``Asian values" obstructions to majority rule government?

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Support for Democracy World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys The accompanying slide demonstrates the rate of respondents who said a vote based framework is a ``very decent" or ``fairly great" method for representing this nation Most Islamic and Pacific Asian nations really rank generally high

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Support for Strong Leader The accompanying slide demonstrates the rate of respondents who said ``having a solid pioneer who does not need to trouble with parliament and races" would be ``very great" or ``fairly great" Most Islamic and Pacific Asian nations really have moderately low backing for this dictator choice

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Scenarios of Change Preservation of tyrant administration Gradual move to tyrant pluralism Gradual and moderate progression Gradual and moderate democratization Radical move toward another tyrant administration a majority rule government

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Regime Changes Non-vote based system Preservation State Crises Regime Change Democracy Non-vote based system

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Top-down Processes From top down Conflict of interest Elite rivalry Gradual move Problematic ramifications: democratization is simple handy tip top can build up vote based system in any setting

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Bottom-up Processes From base up Popular interest Political development Radical insurgency

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Consequences Does vote based system advance financial development? Does vote based system advance security?

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