Development and Bounce back Impact Diminish and Debound Impact.

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additional warming and more aerating and cooling in bigger living spaces, ... Dynamic conforming of utilization points of confinement:
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Gathering on "Sustainable Decrease (of items and services)" (Décroissance Soutenable) 26-27 September 2003 - Lyon Town lobby, France Growth and Rebound Effect Decrease and Debound Effect François Schneider Member of Institut d\'Etude Economique et Sociale pour la Décroissance Soutenable - Sustainable Europe Research Institute – World Carfree Network -

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GDP Plan 1-Physical/material development 2-Economic development and "Rebound effect" 3-Sustainable Decrease (of items and administrations) Free time for ourselves as well as other people, value, wellbeing, nature, security, craftsmanship, society ...

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1-Physical/material development = More autos, more houses, more production lines and mines... = More petrol, more coal, more power, more wood, more urbanized regions… = Increased extraction of characteristic assets

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Forecast of vitality development on the planet International Energy Agency - 2002

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= An equivalent amount of matter exists both prior and then afterward... Lavoisier Extraction Waste and contamination

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"The genuine resistance of the earth ought to be focused on the worldwide rate of asset weariness (and on the contamination rate connected to it)." Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen

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Realistic speculation : in this day and age, we separate twice a lot of

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With a reasonable right to world utilization, and considering demographic development, we will remove 12 times a lot in 2050.

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With a material development of 2% every year, we will remove 30 times a lot in 2050.

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At an institutional level A variable 2 or 4 lessening has been said in some political projects e.g. in Austria, Germany, Japan, Sweden and the Netherlands. A " net decrease of the abuse of normal assets" is a piece of the system of the EU. Markers of characteristic asset extraction are created by EUROSTAT, UNEP.

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2-Economic development and Rebound Effect

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I=PAT (I = environmental effect) Ehrlich & Holdren (1971) 3 answers for the material lessening : (follow up on P ( Population ) => lower birth rate) follow up on An (Affluence) => cheapness follow up on T (Technology) => effectiveness

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Faster!! Less expensive! No exertion !! More secure!! Natural!! Littler!! Lighter!! Better for wellbeing A couple expressions of promoting

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Always expending more : more flights, more autos, heavier and all the more capable, voyaging longer separations, all the more warming and more cooling in bigger living spaces, more fascinating items, more land fixed underneath cement or black-top, more items and administrations in monetary terms.

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… and sways increment : expansion of CO2 outflows, air contamination uncertain, lessening of organic differences, higher utilization of spaces materials energies social institutionalization, expanding social awkwardness.

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Two fundamental reasons Rebound impact that make an expansion of utilizations Pollution send out

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Cars that expend less Computer Miniaturization Less petrol costs Less utilization, lessened costs We drive further on account of cash investment funds We can purchase more PCs Rebound impact connected to monetary productivity Innovations Efficiency picks up Rebound

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Acceptable voyaging time does not diminish Acceptable contamination does not diminish Faster transportation Recycled paper Less time spent per km Less contamination per sheet The spared time empowers us to travel further We can devour more paper Growth rationales Innovations Efficiency picks up Rebound

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€ We would prefer not to expend more in light of the fact that our cutoff points are come to € Product (or administration) development € € Rebound impact: item (or administration) upgrades empower us to build our utilization. Bounce back impact

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We warm the house less Savings on warming costs We can travel to Dakar Rebound impact connected to thriftiness

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3-Sustainable decline (of items and administrations) = material and monetary lessening Reducing what diminishes our prosperity

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S olutions for the Sustainable Decrease Individual activities : Progressive modifying of utilization points of confinement: "frugal innovation" of ways of life Information research Collective activities : Reduction of essential material extractions at the starting point Setting utilization constrains fairly Information on bounce back impact on biological item

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«  Frugal development » of way of life - changing incomes by altering paid working hours, - conforming living space to genuine needs, - conforming the time connected to utilization: reclaiming our time, - modifying environmental cognizance , - conforming the adequate peril for ourselves as well as other people, - altering the satisfactory poisonous quality for ourselves as well as other people.

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Reducing our cash needs, expanding our available time by working less Transportation that expend Less costs We have to work less Economical debound impact Innovation Efficiency picks up Debound

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Reducing adequate contamination Recycled paper Less contamination per kg of paper We enhance nature by devouring less kg of paper Ecological debound impact Innovation Efficiency picks up Debound

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Limiting extraction at the root Setting of dynamic extraction shares: material info endorsement Setting dynamic importation standards Taxes and evacuation of sponsorships to extraction Setting ranges shielded from extractions or further annihilations Less excavators Less explosives

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« Frugal development  » of items and administrations Designing specialized cutoff points to utilization specialized constraint of velocity ; restriction of streets limit ; favoring nearness with the web... Favoring the items and exercises prompting debound utilitarian cycling, planting, trekking, train voyaging, sharing of products, sun oriented warming, bundling with store... Constraining the items prompting bounce back autos and trucks, one-way bundling, TGV, motorways...

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Limiting purchasing limit : Redistribution of work (and leisure time) and in addition incomes, Ecological charges, Reduction of paid working hours.

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Decrease is conceivable at the l ocal level Let us envision and concoct another financial and social framework taking into account the efficient reduction.

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