English Sentence structure (The Network).


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The sentence structure of a dialect is a complex of frameworks that may be ... Essential English Grammar) Definition (fitting and normal things) Nouns words used to name a ...
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English Grammar (The Matrix) Parts of Speech Course: INGL. 3021/3022 Oral and Written English Professor: Aníbal Muñoz

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Definitions Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Interjections Determiners Subordinators Interrogatives Qualifiers Sentence mixes Yes/no inquiries Information questions Punctuation rules Capitalization rules Preview

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Grammar definition The linguistic use of a dialect is a complex of frameworks that might be investigated and considered on these three levels: ( Noam Chomsky\'s UG) Phonology (set of sounds/images) Morphology ( mixes of sounds that convey single units of importance) 3. Language structure (how single units of importance are joined to shape words, expressions and sentences.

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Parts of discourse (Nouns) Nouns Definition Proper/normal Singular/plural (extension) Count/non-number/dynamic (addition) (how much –how numerous) Collectible (gathering things) Units of estimation (Reference: Schramper Azar, Betty,1996. Essential English Grammar )

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Definition (appropriate and regular things) Nouns – words used to name a man, place, thing, object, quality, thought, idea, or an activity. Ref. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2001) Proper Nouns-uncommon or specific name given to basic things to recognize them from others of the same kind. Illustration: normal lady legitimate Martha

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Proper and basic things

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Nouns (solitary and plural) Rule No. 1 ( Add –s to the end of thing) glass containers understudy understudies Rule No.2 consonants before "y" change –y to i and include –es city - urban areas party-parties woman women Rule No.3 vowels before "y" include –s kid –boys key –keys day - days

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Singular and plural (cont.) Rule No. 4 (–f and –fe endings) change the –f or –fe to v and –es life –lives spouse –wives criminal –thieves Rule No. 5 (sh, ch, x, ss endings) include –es shrub –bushes match –matches box - boxes kiss - kisses Rule No. 6 (consonant + o) include –es (vowel +o) –s tomato –tomatoes radio radios

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Baby Boy City Country Lady Party Tray Key Dictionary cattle rustler They have one young lady and two ______. I went to numerous _______ a year ago. Ladies bring forth _______. She lost the _____ of the auto and the house! _____ rides steeds in Texas. Madrid and Paris are excellent _______. We should convey ______ to the English class. Great night _____ and man of his word. On Saturday evenings, I get a kick out of the chance to go to _______. Individuals convey their sustenance on _____ at the cafeteria. Rehearse Exercises Use the plural structure to fill in the spaces. (given rundown)

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Pronunciation of plurals (s/es) Group A Final –s is claimed/z/after voiced sounds (taxis, beds, puppies, balls, years, days, young men, trees, and so forth.) Group B Final –s is proclaimed/s/after voiceless sounds (books, containers, bunches, felines, understudies, work areas, and so on.) Group C Final –s, es is purported/ez/after "s" sounds (classes, steeds, boxes, faces) after "z" sounds (sizes, roses, commotions) after "sh" sounds (dishes, brambles) after "ch" sounds (matches, sandwiches) after "ge/dge" sounds (pages, ages, spans, edges)

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Irregular plural structures (special cases) Child kids Foot feet Man men Woman ladies Mouse mice Tooth teeth fish _____ individuals (is constantly plural) (no s)

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Count things a book books one book two books a few books a ton of books numerous books a couple books Non-number things cash some cash a ton of cash much cash a minimal expenditure Common non-check things counsel, furniture, love, peace, homework, fortunes data, sustenance, mail, music, activity, climate, work, bread, cheddar, espresso, rice, sand, meat, milk, water, sugar, cash, oil, fluids materials (paper) abstracts general nourishment gasses Count and noncount things

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Oral Practice (tally versus non-check)

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Pronouns Definition Personal pronouns (subject-object) Possessive modifiers Possessive pronouns Reflexive Indefinite Interrogative Demonstrative Relative corresponding

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Verbs (verb tenses/conjugation) Definition Regular Irregular verbs Spelling/elocution Conjugation ( attach hone) Auxiliary verbs/modals (add) Infinitives Gerunds

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Verbs Regular/Irregular/verb tenses Regular verbs (d or ed endings)/d/sound articulation/t/sound articulation/ed/elocution

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Irregular verbs Three structures Two structures One structure

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Verb conjugation Simple current state

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Verb tenses Simple past

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Verb tenses Simple future Another approach to express the basic future I am going to work tomorrow. She is going to work one week from now. They are going to take a shot at Sunday.

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Present dynamic

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Past dynamic (persistent)

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Future dynamic (ceaseless)

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Adjectives Definition Articles as descriptive words Order of descriptors in an arrangement (shading, size, starting point, nationalities, shape, age, and so on..) Past participles/gerunds utilized as modifiers Comparatives and superlatives examinations (attach hone)

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Adverbs Definition Adverbs of recurrence (extension) Adverbs of time Adverbs of area (spot) Adverbs of mode

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Prepositions Definition IN, ON and AT (addition –time and area) All relational words Transitional expressions (prep. Phrases-add)

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Conjunctions Definition Correlative conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions Subordinate conjunctions Conjunctive verb modifiers Other subordinators (attach)

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Interjections and different words Definition and cases Onomatopoeias Numerals (cardinals, ordinals) Determiners Qualifiers Subordinators interrogatives

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Capitalization Rules (add) Punctuation Rules (add) Sentence Combinations YES/NO inquiries Information questions

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